until the late 1800’s schizophrenia was thought to be the possession of the devil or possible witchcraft, and most people suffering from the disease were exorcised or killed. Some psychiatrists believed that it was a form of dementia, or loss of functioning in the brain. The scientific name schizophrenia was taken from the Greek word schizein phren which translates to “split mind”, and was devised by a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Blueler, one of the first psychiatrists to realize that schizophrenia was not only found in young people and that the symptoms could go on longer than just adolescence. But by the 1950’s psychiatric professionals were convinced that the absolute cause of schizophrenia was bad parenting, throwing most of the blame on the mother. ... ... middle of paper ... ...together equally, not putting an emphasis on either of the treatments.
The behavioral perspective explains mental illness, as well as all of human behavior, as a learned response to stimuli. Despite all of these different theories, most modern day psychologists agree that mental illness is caused by a combination of these things. (Mental Illness) Schizophrenia results not from a single cause, but from a variety of factors. Most scientists believe that it is a biological disease caused by genetic factors, an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, structural brain abnormalities, or abnormalities in the prenatal environment. In addition, stressful life events may contribute to the development of schizophrenia in those who are predisposed to the illness.
This psychotic disorder primarily affects a human’s brain. A person living with this mental illness experiences several symptoms as well as signs. Therefore an individual relies on a relative or someone he/she is comfortable with in order to watch him/her. People who are suffering from Schizophrenia are usually referred to as Schizophrenics. Many individuals have a difficult time accepting that either he or she has been diagnosed with Schizophrenia.
After the publication of DSM III the American definition moved away from the very broad definition of schizophrenia, to a more controlled approach that meant that less people are now wrongly diagnosed with schizophrenia. The symptoms of schizophrenia cause suffers problems in several major areas these include: thought, perception, attention, motor behaviour and emotion. Many patients, who are diagnosed with schizophrenia, only have some of the symptoms. Unlike mo... ... middle of paper ... ...hanism may malfunction or not work. We can guess that stress can trigger schizophrenia because of the EE studies that look at patient relapse rate.
Schizophrenia It is a frightening disorder that strikes about one percent of the world population. It surfaces most frequently during puberty and has the potential to forever destroy the lives of the people who are unfortunate enough to be its victim. The disorder is schizophrenia and it manifests itself by disturbing normal psychiatric behavior. The symptoms of schizophrenia are characterized by both positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and other unusual or disorganized behavior.
Emil Kraepelin, a German psychiatrist, provided the first characterization of schizophrenia, in the late nineteenth century. “He believed that the disorder was caused by irreversible physical damage to the brain” (Veague 3). Eugen Bleuler, who was a contemporary of Emil Kraepelin, believed that schizophrenia was caused by psychological trauma sustained early in life. Since then, scientists have blocked the action of dopamine on certain nerve cells and also have developed other drugs which control the symptoms with fewer side effects. Schizophrenia is much less common than bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder and major d... ... middle of paper ... ...ects.
Treatments include antipsychotic medications that come with a slew of negative side effects, psychosocial treatments, illness management skill therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Schizophrenia is often accompanied by substance abuse, so rehab often comes along with treatment of the disorder. Nobody really knows exactly what causes schizophrenia, which is one of the things that makes it so interesting. It appears to be a culmination of many different factors. These many factors include: genetics- schizophrenia is up to 80% heritable (Picker, Psychiatric Times), prenatal complications, slower fetal growth, which sometimes indicates cerebral atrophy, hypoxia near the time of birth, prenatal infections, childhood infections, childhood antecedents, substance abuse, and life experiences.
Although it is just to assume that today's definitions of schizophrenia may differ from the past's, it is logical to aslo include the fact that it existed as far as history can go. Many people during the 1800's were often dubbed as insane because of the dizorganization of thought and feeling that existed. (Smith, 1992, p.28) Later in the 1800's, more stories grew about the "insanity", and in the beginning of the 1900's, doctors began to name this illness dementia praecox, meaning "mad" or "out of one's mind." In 1896, schizophrenia was recognized as a mental illness by a German psychiatrist named Email Kraeplin. His recognition of the disease was made after a carefu... ... middle of paper ... ...ed thinking that occurs and are known to change brain chemicals in ways so that the brain is closer to a more normal and calm function.
Scientists,whose findings have already paved the way for a greater understanding of schizophrenia, and researchers around the world are hunting for underlying causes of the disease. People diagnosed with schizophrenia display a wide-ranging breakdown of perception and thought. A glitch in the timing of cell responses across broad swaths of brain tissue may help account for these people's fragmented experience of the world, according to a new study. In the brains of schizophrenia sufferers, electrical activity fails to synchronize with a specific sound frequency as it does in the brains of mentally healthy people. Improved drugs to fight psychosis--the loss of contact with reality that afflicts schizophrenics--are already coming on the market, and some researchers believe that within the next few decades, scientists will find a way to virtually cure the obscure disease.
Hallucinations may be seen or heard. The most common hallucination are those heard by the schizophrenic. The schizophrenic may hear v... ... middle of paper ... ...sorder. @ (Pamphlet by: National Alliance for the Mentally Ill June >90 page 1) Since the funding is increasingly being cut so is the research for schizophrenia, leaving many unanswered questions.