“Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. Approximately 1 percent of all populations develop schizophrenia during their lifetime. In the vast majority of cases, onset of the illness occurs between the ages of 15 and 25, making schizophrenia the single biggest cause of permanent disability starting in youth. Schizophrenia causes around 10 percent of patients to suicide, usually before the age of 30. This makes the illness a major cause of youth suicide, and responsible for more deaths than AIDS, SIDS and MS combined.” (NISAD: A S... ... middle of paper ... ...eeks or even a few days.
When comparing their nicotine addiction to the general population the percentage rates is 75 to 90 percent versus 25 to 30 percent, this means that those who suffer with Schizophrenia is three times the rate of the general population (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Schizophrenia is an il... ... middle of paper ... ...000447.2006.00799.x Moritz, S. (2010). Detecting and defusing cognitive traps: metacognitive intervention in schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 23(6), 561. Retrieved June 10, 2012, from Research Library.
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric behavioral disorder that causes patients to causes a split from reality in patients. Symptoms include disorganized thinking, inability function socially, inability to distinguish between allusions and reality, agitated body movements, hallucinations, and delusions. This is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that occurs in about 1% of the population. There is no cure for schizophrenia. Treatments include antipsychotic medications that come with a slew of negative side effects, psychosocial treatments, illness management skill therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Symptoms will usually start between the ages of 16 and 30 but men tend to start experiencing symptoms earlier than women. Schizophrenia is rarely diagnosed after age 45 and rarely occurs in children however the rates of child-onset schizophrenia are increasing. The signs and symptoms vary from individual to individual, but all people with the disorder show one or more of the following symptoms: Delusions: beliefs that are not true such as feeling people are followin... ... middle of paper ... ...ence? /. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 6(4), 345-7.
One of the most occurring positive symptoms is hallucinations. Hallucinations are false perceptions, inaccuracies that affect a person's senses and cause us to hear, see, taste, touch, or smell what others do not. Some people with schizophrenia will hear voices that can be reassuring and yet they can be very menacing. Allot of times these voices lead people to hurt themselves or just do abnormal things. Hallucinations, usually the same ones over and over, take control of a person and leave them feeling victimized.
Experts don't know what causes schizophrenia, but they agree that it most likely results from a complex interplay of genetic, behavioral, and other factors, similar to other diseases. It is widely believed that neurotransmitters, brain chemicals that allow communication between brain cells, play a role in causing schizophrenia, but the exact mechanism is not known. Most m... ... middle of paper ... ...ns is often difficult for schizophrenics. They may deny that they are ill, or their disease itself may hinder their ability to take regular medication. Fortunately there are many ways for patients, doctors, and families to improve adherence.
Hallucinations are false or distorted perceptions that seem vividly real. The content of hallucinations is often tied to the person’s delusional beliefs. The content of hallucinations and delusions may also be influenced by culture and religiosity. Negative symptoms reflect an absence or reduction of normal functions, such as greatly reduced motivation, emotional expressiveness, or speech. One commonly seen negative symptom is referred to as flat affect or affective flattening.
Schizophrenia It is a frightening disorder that strikes about one percent of the world population. It surfaces most frequently during puberty and has the potential to forever destroy the lives of the people who are unfortunate enough to be its victim. The disorder is schizophrenia and it manifests itself by disturbing normal psychiatric behavior. The symptoms of schizophrenia are characterized by both positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and other unusual or disorganized behavior.
The sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms is referred to as an “acute” phase of schizophrenia. “Psychosis,” a common condition in schizophrenia, is a state of mental impairment marked by hallucinations, which are disturbances of sensory perception, and/or delusions, which are false yet strongly held personal beliefs that result from an inability to separate real from unreal experiences. Schizophrenia can be traced back to Egyptian times. The word "schizophrenia" comes from the Greek roots schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to describe the thinking of people with the disorder. His term was not meant to convey the idea of split or multiple personality, a common misunderstanding by many people.
In an article by Smith and Segal (2014) it is stated that “Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects the way a person acts, thinks, and sees the world.” Individuals with schizophrenia have a hard time determining what is real and what is not and this is due to the fact that they are usually affected by hallucinations. People with schizophrenia tend to see and hear things that are not there in real life but that appear real to them. They suffer from extreme distrust in people and usually believe that everyone is out to hurt them. This physiological damage makes it extremely difficult to carry out an ordinary life due to the loss to determine what reality is and what is imaginary. Causes Schizophrenia just like every other mental disorder does not have a specific know cause for it and its widely unknown to all medical researchers.