Satire, Humor, and Shock Value in Swifts' A Modest Proposal Swift's message to the English government in "A Modest Proposal" deals with the disgusting state of the English-Irish common people. Swift, as the narrator expresses pity for the poor and oppressed, while maintaining his social status far above them. The poor and oppressed that he refers to are Catholics, peasants, and the poor homeless men, women, and children of the kingdom. This is what Swift is trying to make the English government, in particular the Parliament aware of; the great socioeconomic distance between the increasing number of peasants and the aristocracy, and the effects thereof. Swift conveys his message in a brilliant essay, in which he uses satire, humor and shock value. Swift pursues his main point in the first paragraph: It is a melancholy object to those who walk through [Dublin] . . .when they see . . .beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an alms. These mothers instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in strolling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants, who, as they grow up, either turn thieves for want of work or fight for the Pretender in Spain. (2181) The last statement regarding the Pretender in Spain is a stab at Catholicism, the Pretender, being the Catholic James II, claimant to the English crown. In fact, Catholics are the butt of many sardonic jokes in the essay. ... ... middle of paper ... ...and hammering the "condemning social statement" into the reader. Swift goes beyond just describing the socioeconomic distance between the aristocracy and the poor. He goes beyond showing the deplorable state of the country. Swift clearly shows the ludicrous nature of the society in which he lived, the feudal system, religious conflicts, the lack of social mobility, the aristocracy, and overpopulation. In condemning Catholics, he is condemning the Irish. In making the Irish out to be a problem that can be solved by this proposal, he shows his disapproval of English involvement in Irish affairs, and furthermore, the expanding British Empire. Thus "A Modest Proposal" does not present an answer to the societal problems of its day, but ultimately raises more questions. Not questions of fact, but questions of a profound socio-philosophical nature.
Lacrosse has progressed over the years from when it started as a religious practice by the Native Americans to the Canadians to the east coast to all around the world. The equipment, shoes, rules, and fields have changed in many different ways. The different ways that people can set up their defense and their offense is so broad that it is hard to describe. The original team set up was when the Indians played over expanses of 500 yard up to a mile. Then William George Beers created a club called the Montreal Lacrosse Club in eighteen fifty-six. Then about a decade later William George Beers produced a whole set of rules that included reducing the number of players to ten adding hitting penalties while also introducing a rubber ball and a new innovative plastic design for the lacrosse stick.
By providing a precise example of the times it is set in, To Kill a Mockingbird effects the readers opinions on today's society making them think of ways to better it. For example, in the novel, Lee describes what life in Maycomb, a southern town in Alabama, was like during the 1930's: “ a day was twenty-four hours long but seemed longer. There was no hurry, for there was no where to go, nothing to buy, and no money to buy it with...” ( Lee 6). People have a hard time imagining what life in a big depression was like, and this provides them with a description that not only helps the reader think about living during those times but broadens their knowledge about the history in general. This new insight helps them to see how far today's society has come and how many obstacles mankind has faced and overcome on their journey to today. In addition, Catherine Bernard explains through her book, Understanding To Kill A Mockingbird, that: “ While Lee's novel is set in the 1930's, the themes of discrimination and toleranc...
Since the birth of our nation, all citizens trying to obtain a goal had to do something to attain it. Citizens of colonized countries had to organize themselves and fight by means of revolution to attain freedom. Slaves who longed for equality had to fight for their freedom. Employees who aspired for better terms and conditions had to form unions that went on strikes and picketed before their rights were recognized. The fight for equal rights caused decades of struggle and massive publicity caused by and in favor of the leaders and its members so that their goal would finally be achieved. The Woman’s Suffrage movement also would not have succeeded had they not woke up and realized that their rights were being violated. One of the first and perhaps most important woman to start the fire of Woman's Rights was Ms. Lucy Stone.
Participation in sports and games has long been a part of Native culture. The most significant example of a sport invented and played by Natives is lacrosse. Lacrosse is still designated as the official sport of Canada despite the overwhelming popularity of hockey (http://canada.gc.ca). Lacrosse was one of many varieties of indigenous stickball games being played by Native Americans and Canadians at the time of European contact. Almost exclusively a male team sport, it is distinguished from other stick and ball games, such as field hockey or shinny, by the use of a netted racquet with which to pick the ball off the ground, throw, catch and vault it into or past a goal to score a point.
Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in North America, having been played by Native American tribes long before any European had even set foot on the continent. A century after European missionaries discovered the game played by Native Americans, they began to play it themselves, starting in the 18th century. From there, it evolved and grew in popularity from a very savage game that resembled war, into what it is today, a recreational sport played widely in America and other countries. As U.S. Lacrosse literature aptly puts it "Lacrosse is a game born of the North American Indian, christened by the French, adopted and raised by the Canadians, and later dominated by the Americans.”
Throughout A Modest Proposal Swift uses verbal irony, diction, and sentence structure to achieve his purpose. His purpose of calling attention to all the terrible things England has done to Ireland is clearly stated throughout A Modest Proposal with the help of these three devices. His purpose of drawing attention to the problems throughout society has been described through A Modest Proposal. The dire poverty in Ireland is clearly expressed in the satire A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift.
Jonathan Swift is the speaker in the story, A Modest Proposal. He is also the author of many other books and stories. In the text of A Modest Proposal, Swift addresses what he believes to be a big issue in the magnificent country of Ireland, Dublin to be exact. Therefore, he proposes a solution to the problem, however, the solution is not what we would call humane, orthodox, reasonable, or even one that we would consider performing today. Swift wrote this piece for anyone that can read and comprehend what the text implies.
Lacrosse is America’s oldest game. Its origins can be traced back to early Native American tribes in the eastern United States and Canada. When European settlers saw Native Americans playing the fast-paced and action-packed game, they decided to try it out for themselves. Over the years, lacrosse has grown into a sport that is played in all fifty states and over 150 countries. People of all ages can play the game both indoors and outdoors. Lacrosse played outdoors differs from lacrosse played indoors, and women have different rules and equipment than men. Although different ways of playing the game exist, the objective of the game is still the same: score the most goals by shooting the ball into the back of the other team’s goal. Rich origins, fast play, and skilled players make lacrosse a game that many people can enjoy.
The real issue being addressed in “A Modest Proposal” is the poverty that was plaguing Ireland. The piece was written at a time when the poor people were seen as a burden to their country and were being oppressed by the wealthy English government and landowners. Swift makes the argument to make the poor useful. He favors the poor and hopes that they will find a way out of their seemingly hopeless destitution, which is why he writes this pamphlet. He is knowledgeable in economics and societal functions, which gives him credibility in addressing the Irish people. His main argument is that babies should be eaten in effort to make use of the poor. He assumes that his audience will be intelligent enough to analyze the satire of his piece and be willed to understand the country’s predicament.
... but if he could once return to a certain starting place and go over it all slowly, he could find” (Fitzerald 118). Having devoted many years to this dream the character fails to recognize that his only motivation all along was greed so his dream never comes true.
The statue was completed in 1884, and then it was disassembled to be shipped across the Atlantic Ocean. The 152-foot-tall statue was dismantled into 350 pieces and put in 219 cases. The French ship Isere transported the statue's parts to New York in 1885, the year that the pedestal was finished. It took a few months of recreation, yet the statue was at last divulged on October 28, 1886, to the fulfillment of individuals on both sides of the Atlantic. Both countries had wanted to disclose the statue in New York harbor in 1876, to praise the 100th commemoration of the Declaration of Independence. Postpones in development and funds pushed the festival back 10 years.
Unknown. "Iceland." Freedom House. Forum One Communications., Unknown. Web. 17th March 2014. < http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2013/iceland#.U3lQUvldWSo >.
“Mr. Watson. Come here, I want to see you” were the first words ever spoken into a telephone. They were spoken by Alexander Graham Bell, the creator of the telephone. (America’s Story) There was however, another person, Elisha Gray who had a similar patent. Bell had filed a patent application on February 14, 1876. Then just a few hours later, Elisha Gray filed a patent for an instrument very similar to Bell’s telephone, but since Bell filed the patent first he was granted ownership over the telephone. (Speech Transmitted by Telephone) The telephone is an instrument that is used to hear and speak to other people to people all over the world. The creation of the telephone has had a great impact on people today. It also went through major growth and change, all thanks to Alexander Graham Bell. (The New Encyclopedia Britannica)
Until this day, field hockey remains one of the world’s oldest sports in the United States. The idea came from the popular activity called hurling. “Drawings of men playing the game non-competitively can be seen in the Beni Hasan tombs of Egypt’s Nile Valley from around 4,000 years ago” (Wpadminskhdev). Field hockey started from an educated women with good intentions. “In 1901 Miss Constance Applebee came from England to study at Harvard Summer School”(Barnes). Harvard was once a small school located in the United States. Miss Applebee organized the first game of field hockey with the help of her students. The students worked together with smiles on their faces and couldn’t wait for the new sport to go world wide. She referred to herself as “Miss Hockey” and everyone called her that because of her persistence and courage in making field hockey a sport. “From Harvard, she went to Vassar, then helped start the new game at Wellesley, Smith, Radcliffe, Mt. Holyoke, and Bryn Mawr”(Barnes). “By 1922, popularity had increased and the USFHA (United States Field Hockey Association) was founded along with five other local associations”(Barnes). “The origins of field hockey can be traced to nice to Egypt, Persia, and Greece; but the game as we know it, was developed in the British Isles in the late 19th