This essay by Jonathan Swift is a brutal satire in which he suggests that the poor Irish families should kill their young children and eat them in order to eliminate the growing number of starving citizens. At this time is Ireland, there was extreme poverty and wide gap between the poor and the rich, the tenements and the landlords, respectively. Throughout the essay Swift uses satire and irony as a way to attack the indifference between classes. Swift is not seriously suggesting cannibalism, he is trying to make known the desperate state of the lower class and the need for a social and moral reform in Ireland. Jonathan Smith goes to extreme measures to explain his new plan to raise the economic wellbeing of his country. He explains what age is too young and what age is too old, in order to eat the tenants children when they are at their prime juiciness. He also gives a list of suggestions on how to cook them, ?A young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled, and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricassee, or a ragout.? All of this talk about eating children comes as a surprise because previous to this disturbing suggestion, Swift is ironically discussing the plight of starving beggars in Ireland. The reader is unprepared for the solution that he suggests. The idea of eating all the youth in the country is obviously self-defeating and is not being seriously suggested by the writer. He is simply trying to show how desperate the lower class is in Ireland. Swift introduces the reforms he is actually suggesting, taxing absentee landlords, of encouraging the domestic economy by buying Irish goods, of discouraging pride, vanity, idleness, by dismissing them in his essay by saying that they are impractical. However, these reforms greatly differ from his ?modest proposal? because instead of the poor sacrificing their children, it would involve the rich sacrificing some of their luxuries. He is trying to point out the fact that reforms that would be practical and beneficial to the people of Ireland are being overlooked for the convenience of the rich.
Jonathan Swift’s proposal would not make sense ethically to its audience unless the reader had no value for humans. In this case Swift’s proposal would make sense and would be an acceptable proposal to resolve the problems of the poor in Ireland. The following statement, “I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will
While the speaker’s proposal to put children on the menu to solve the Irish people’s destitution is not to be taken literally, Swift’s underlying message – a criticism of society and the mistreatment of one class of human beings by another – is.
In Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal,” published in 1729, Swift engages in an extraordinary amount of irony and satire. Swift states that in order to reduce famine in Ireland and to solve the problems that they are having that eating children would be a good solution. This is not the purpose of Swift’s essay. The real intent was to get the people of Britain to notice that the ideas that they were coming up with were not any better than his satirical one, and new ideas and efforts needed to come forth in order to solve the problem.
Jonathan Swift, a satirist author, writes A Modest Proposal to explain the attitudes towards poverty and starving kids in his society. Jonathan achieves his purpose with figurative language such as irony, sarcasm, as well as exaggeration to point out the negative attitude. These rhetorical devices show how his society dehumanizes humans.
The essay “A Modest Proposal” written by Johnathan Swift takes a satirical view on how to solve the starvation issue in Ireland. Swift suggests an obviously satirical solution of eating children around the age of one. He used irony, ambiguity, and ethos to emphasize the satirical nature of the essay and present a captivating idea to the audience.
In the 1700s, English landlords taxed the Irish land resulting in countless unemployed Irish. Several traveled to America in search of work, but most were driven to poverty. In response to the increasing issue, Swift argues that by eating the children at a prime age of one, the parents of these children can sell them as a source of food, ending hunger. Appealing to the poor in Ireland, Swift argues that by following this proposal, the Irish can change their ways of living and can prevent their children from evolving into burdensome beggars such as themselves. Swift applies facts and statistics along with emotional appeals to support the argument he is making as he assumes the Irish will suppo...
In other words, going back to paragraph nine, Swift claims, “… good fat child… excellent nutritive meat… grow popular among his tenants…” To clarify, Swift does not actually mean the children will be eaten, but rather taken advantage of by the wealthy to gain a higher status among his friends. As a result, Swift highlights the corruption in Dublin between the poor and the wealthy. To support this, in paragraph fifteen, Swift implicitly remarks, “… shambles may be appointed for this purpose…” In this case, he exaggerates the word “shambles” to make it mean something else, such as a slaughterhouse. In other words, he makes it seems worse than it actually is. So, since it is an exaggeration, he could have meant the extortion caused within the
315) It is evident that Ireland is struggling with overpopulation, famine, and poverty, just based on that one sentence. Swift uses satire in his proposal to grasp the people of Ireland’s attention. The just of the proposal mentions the idea of eating babies to provide income for the “breeders” (Swift, pg. 319), meat for the wealthy (Swift, pg. 317), and surplus for the nation altogether (Swift, pg. 320). Meanwhile, the satire used in Swift’s proposal is not to be taken literally but to foreshadow the issues causing the turmoil. “I desire the reader will observe that I calculate my remedy for this one individual kingdom of Ireland, and for no other…Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: of using neither clothes nor
Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal is a shocking satire that discusses the dire poverty in Ireland. It says if one is born poor they will stay that way unless society puts them to use. Children are food to be eaten. In an economic slump children will be used to feed and clothe Ireland’s population. Swift’s purpose for writing A Modest Proposal was to call attention to the exploiting and oppressing by the English to the Irish. He wanted to shock his readers by proposing his “modest” proposal. He presents selling babies as food to reduce overpopulation. This causes the reader to disregard this suggestion. Swift wanted to raise awareness on the issue that was haunting Ireland. Throughout A Modest Proposal, Swift effectively uses verbal irony, diction, and sentence structure to achieve his purpose of making people realize that there are problems in society that needed to be handled in a reasonable manner. He also wanted to help advance the country’s trade, provide for infants, relieve the poor and help the rich. Swift ultimately wanted to get people thinking about actual solutions that could solve their current problems.
The issue that Swift is addressing is the fact that there are too many poor children in Dublin and that they are becoming such a huge burden for all the poor mothers or parents of the country. Swift then creates his own solution to the problem. He proposes that all poor children who are around one year of age, be cooked and eaten by the people of Dublin, preferably the poor. With this solution, he argues that it will eventually put an end to the overpopulation of the poor young children and it will satisfy the hunger for all the other people. Crazy right?
In 1729, Jonathan Swift published a pamphlet called “A Modest Proposal”. It is a satirical piece that described a radical and humorous proposal to a very serious problem. The problem Swift was attacking was the poverty and state of destitution that Ireland was in at the time. Swift wanted to bring attention to the seriousness of the problem and does so by satirically proposing to eat the babies of poor families in order to rid Ireland of poverty. Clearly, this proposal is not to be taken seriously, but merely to prompt others to work to better the state of the nation. Swift hoped to reach not only the people of Ireland who he was calling to action, but the British, who were oppressing the poor. He writes with contempt for those who are oppressing the Irish and also dissatisfaction with the people in Ireland themselves to be oppressed.
This essay will have no value unless the reader understands that Swift has written this essay as a satire, humor that shows the weakness or bad qualities of a person, government, or society (Satire). Even the title A Modest Proposal is satirical. Swift proposes using children simply as a source of meat, and outrageous thought, but calls his propo...
Jonathan Swift, a well-known author, in his essay “A Modest Proposal,” implies that the Irish people should eat children so that they can better their chances of survival. Swift supports his implication by describing how his proposal will have many advantages such as, eliminating papists, bringing great custom to taverns, and inducing marriages. He comes up with an absurd proposal to eat and sell the children to the elite so the Irish can have a brighter future. His purpose is to show that the Irish deserve better treatment from the English. Throughout his essay, Swift uses sarcasm, satire, and irony.
Mouth-watering, scrumptious, and delicious are a few words that come to mind when you think of Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.” His satire on the conditions of life in 1729 was to draw its readers to serious discussion on the distressing matters that plagued their society. His extreme and sarcastic response to the treatment of the ever-growing poor population of Irish families, by the rich English landowners, was to bring to light a matter that they had come to accept as normal. Apparently, over time English landowners obtained ownership of Irish lands and would lease these lands back to the Irish farmers at outrageous prices. This made it nearly impossible for farming families to make ends meet and in some cases to the point of near starvation. When many children of poor families grew up, they fled to foreign lands in search of a better life or they turned to a life of crime to make a living. The staggering number of children born to parents that could not support them was shocking and of a surety rarely considered in wealthy homes. Through this essay, he compelled the current government officials of the time to devise rational solutions that would deal with the large population of poor Irish farmers, and fix the conditions in which they lived.
To make his displeasure with the crown well known, he used irony to propose a solution to the problems: a solution that no sane person would actually bring to fruition. What was Swift’s proposition? To end hunger through eating children, of course! He postulated that this would both feed the starving people of Ireland through monetary gain and appease the English with an irresistible delicacy. Mothers would be able to make an eight pence profit from selling their young, which would be “a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled…” (A Modest Proposal). Swift was not actually suggesting that the people of the world raise and eat human babies for their meat: he was pointing out how the current political climate was not benefiting the people. Because the majority of Irish land was owned by protestant Englishmen, the only thing that the Irish had room to raise and grow was a human baby. Swift desired the exact opposite of cannibalism: he wanted the Irish to be able to sustain themselves monetarily and nourish themselves through honest means, which was impossible with the current Irish-English