TO ALL TO WHOM these Presents shall come, we the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting. Where as the Delegates of the United States of America in Congress assembled did on the fifteenth day of November in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy seven, and in the Second Year of the Independence of America agree to certain articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia in the Words following, viz. "Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the states of New Hampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia
Nathaniel Gorham continued to grace the nation with his ambitious work ethic while attending the convention. He served as a vocalist, expressing his thoughts, concerns, and ideas to the other delegates who attended the convention. Gorham sat in on the Committee of Detail, and served as the chairman of the Committee of the Whole. Keeping the interests of Massachusetts in mind, he drove for a powerful, central governm...
Describing the context in which Samuel Adams lived is not an easy thing to do, mainly because he had such a huge and profound effect on the era and location that he lived in. He lived through, and had a large impression on all the events that led up to the separation from Britain, along with surviving the war or independence, and ultimately served as the governor of a very important state in the young nation in which he lived. As his second cousin John Adams once said "Without him, in my opinion, American Independence could not have been declared in 1776"
One of the key trading ports back then was Boston, and that is where Sam Adams grew up. Founded barely a century before my the puritans, under the watchful eye on John Winthrop, the area still resonated with many of its puritan roots.
On a whole, I found that the scholarly reviews of this book were very positive. Most of the responses of other scholars were those of praise and commendation on such a great book, an interesting and valid view on the life of John Adams.
William Bratton, born and raised in Boston, was appointed as New York City’s new police commissioner by Mayor Rudolph Giuliani on December 2, 1993. William Bratton was a leader who spent his whole life turning around low-performing, dysfun-ctional police departments. It was his specialty and it soon became his trademark. Bill Bratton hit the ground running as the commissioner of police by implementing several policies and visions that he had, that many believed would be unfathomable in policing. His goals were revolutionary and unprecedented and would not be possible to achieve if not for his incredible leadership ability. His ability as an effective leader allowed him to select intelligent, experienced, and quality individuals who shared identical beliefs and visions as he did. Any leader would agree that anything is possible through optimism, intelligent planning, and preparation, but nothing is possible if your chosen “executives” lack the leader’s confidence to operate freely and carry out the organization’s ultimate goals. Bratton was a believer in Theodore Roosevelt’s ideology that “the best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and self- restraint enough to keep from meddling with them while they do it.” Bratton was a master motivator. His optimism rubbed off on everyone around him and this reflected their performance. He had a belief that “leadership is the ability to enthuse and encourage the people in your organization so highly that, whatever idea is put into action, they embrace it so fully they forget the genesis and assume it was their own” (Bratton pg.155). This was Br...
Born into great wealth in 1726 in New York, Lewis Morris began his life well. He grew up, pursued a career in farming, and graduated from Yale College at the age of 20. Of English ancestry, Morris’ family received a grant by the King to settle in the county of West-Chester, New York. One of the many influences for Lewis Morris’ decision to become a patriot may have come from him growing up in a “Royal” colony. By definition, the “Royal” colony was “ruled” by a royally appointed governor and council. Being a part of a “Royal” colony exposed Morris to the different ways the British Empire influenced its colonies.
Henry Sweetser Burrage
I find myself on the threshold of a new year. Before me is this mysterious and unknown. As I set out to explore its secret windings I propose to take with me this book in order that I may note more carefully the various objects of interest which the future conceals, and record my own thoughts and feelings by the way. It promises to be an eventful year.
January 1861 found America on the brink of Civil War, and Henry S. Burrage, pen in hand, faithfully recorded the current events in his diary at Brown.
When tobacco failed in the late 1750’s, Virginia was faced with a decreased tax revenues from the commodity. So the Virginia Assembly cut the Anglican ministers salaries, which were funded by the tobacco tax. It became an emotional issue in 1762, when the Reverend James Maury, an Anglican parson from Fredericksburg, sued the colony for back pay. The case called “The Parson’s Cause,” was tried in Hanover Courthouse before Justice John Henry. Patrick’s father was the leading Justice of Hanover County, and the justices found for the plaintiff. They said that James Maury had a right to collect back pay wages. It was a long, complicated trial, lasting 19 months. Patrick Henry had nothing to do with it until the very end, and the only remaining question was how much the parson should be paid? In a moment of great irony, Henry rose before his father’s court and spoke for the defense, the legislative body of Virginia, and against his father, who had ruled for the Church of England. When he began to talk, he was shy, and his head was
Samuel "Sam" Taliaferro Rayburn was born in Tennessee in 1882. He was the eighth of 11 children. When Sam was 5 he moved west with his family to a 40-acre cotton farm just outside the small community of Flag Springs, Texas. At the age of 18, Sam left the family farm and went to East Texas Normal College in Commerce. His father sent him off with $25 and he added to that by sweeping school rooms, ringing the class bell and building fires in school stoves.
In late May of 1776, the lawyer, John Adams, wrote a rebuttal to James Sullivan’s opinion on representation in the legislative process and who should be allowed to participate. Adams had learned of these views after reading Sullivan’s letter, which was originally addressed to Mr. Gerry; this letter highlighted what Sullivan believed to be flaws with the political system of the day and, to be more specific, who should be allowed to take part. To say that Adams disagreed with the ideas presented would, in many ways, minimize his response. John Adams had a very clear cut definition of who was competent enough and worthy enough to bear the weight of the full rights of citizenship, ultimately, the right to make decisions for the masses.