Russia: A study in redefining polity since 1905

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As Russia entered the year of 1905, with Nicholas II still in power, a revolution erupted. The Revolution of 1905 was ignited by acts of repressive government violence that had occurred in response to the insurgency experienced during the Russo-Japanese war. Russia was overrun with fighting, which resulted in a ‘shut down’ of the Russian empire. The Revolution of 1905 brought the Russia empire into a period of pseudo constitutional monarchy, as seen with the issuance of the October Manifesto. The October Manifesto was seen as a forced document in order to provide some peace in the face of calamity. This was the only real effort made to reach an agreement with the opposition, as autocracy continued to persist. The government, in order to regain control, undermined the Duma, sent harsh and bloody expeditions against the peasants, and encouraged attacks between the right and left-wings. The Duma’s power was heavily restricted by the declaration of The Fundamental Laws the night before their first meeting. The laws devised a framework for the new Russian political system, in which the emperor retained great control and the Duma faced many restrictions. As a result, the first two Dumas did not get along well with the government. There was much discord, and each Duma only lasted a few months; therefore, not reaching full term. The last Duma was dissolved by Petr Stolypin, the new Prime Minister, on June 16, 1907 before it was about to take his land reform policy into consideration. A new Duma was soon appointed after Nicholas II and Stolypin unconstitutionally altered the electoral law, to provide a cooperative Duma. Petr Stolypin had been appointed by Nicholas II as Prime Minister in 1906, with the approach of pacification and combini... ... middle of paper ... ...ussia faced a variety of political changes as the government was launched into a period of stress from outside democracy and the current and continued control by Putin. As it reached present time, Russia has remained as a federation in its basic terms of polity. Works Cited Curtis, Glenn E. "The Economy." Russia: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1996. Web. 09 May 2014. . Riasanovsky, Nicholas V., and Mark D. Steinberg. A History of Russia. 8th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2011. Print. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Stolypin Land Reform (Russian Agricultural History)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 09 May 2014. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "War Communism (Soviet History)."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 09 May 2014.

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