As children grow older, their minds are filled with many questions. A large portion of these questions are difficult, complicated, and often times unanswerable. Children are left to struggle with them throughout life. They look for answers to these questions anywhere possible, and often they turn to the guidance that adults provide. Adults can provide a foundation from which children can grow, but they can provide only a certain amount of advice to help children deal with life’s basic issues; the rest is left for the child to find for themself. Such is the case in the final chapter of Bless Me, Ultima, a novel by Rudolfo Anaya. In this chapter Tony, the main character, recieves important insight and very wise advice from his elders. The story shadows Tony as he seeks understanding to his many questions, we follow his spiritual awakening, and follow his search for identity throughout his childhood. Already he has learned much. He has started school, been initiated into the Catholic church through catechism, and has learned much about many of the local native beliefs. But he has also learned of death, hatred, curses, cures, and most importantly he has learned of the supernatural forces behind it all. As children grow, they must develop strength, both a physical strength and an inner strength. An undeveloped child may not have the ability to deal with the challenges that life may throw at them. This strength is gained through experience, knowledge, and the many things that you learn day to day in the process of growing older. In Bless Me, Ultima, Ultima reminds Tony of the importance of strength again and again, reinforcing its importance in his mind. On one of these occasions, Ultima tells Tony that “life is filled with sadness when a boy grows to be a man. But as you grow into manhood you must not despair of life, but gather strength to sustain you.” From this Tony learns that it is possible to gain this strength, which is vital in the process of growing older, from all situations, even situations that are possibly thought of as “bad”. Ultima is telling Tony that in order to get the most from every situation, you must seize the many things that can be learned from it, instead of looking at it passively. You grow and gain strength with all experiences that you go through. This is evident when Ulti... ... middle of paper ... ... Uncle Lucas, Tony was able to literally take on part of his Uncle’s pains and help rid the sick man of the curse. Tony’s father also tells him that “no greater magic can exist...but in the end magic is magic, and one does not explain it so easily. That is why it is magic.” From this Tony begins to understand the difference between Ultima’s earthly remedies and the unexplainable, more mystical curses and cures. Magic is magic; it is called magic because it is unexplainable and because it is mysterious. If we knew how magic worked then it wouldn’t be called magic. Which is yet another thing that Tony learns: some things are meant not to be understood and not meant to be learned. Tony was able to gather advice and wisdom with the help of many of the adults in his life. He was able to reach a peace of mind from which he ended his struggles, and he was even able to obtain a better understanding of those unanswerable questions. From this new frame of mind he was able to walk away from Ultima’s deathbed with courage and acceptance. Many of his questions were solved and his struggle between Luna and Marez and good and evil ended. We should all be so lucky.
Malcom comes up to Tony after the meeting and gives him a book to read called “The Greatest Miracle in the World”. Tony isn’t a fan of reading but he ends up reading the book and then every Monday continues to meet with Malcom and they talk about the book or the other books or thoughts Malcom asks Tony to read or think about.
In the end, Tony plays the role of both hero and villain. His wife, Marcela, represents both the whore and the virgin Mexican-American. The both prove unfaithful: Tony to America and Marcela to Mexico. Herein lays the schizophrenic world in which good and bad coexist across the borders of two emerging world countries struggling for control of land and culture. There’s a price to be paid for such human greed and unrealistic expectations. Ultimately it proves to be a place where virtue doesn’t remain intact and villains abound, even among the good guys!
After reading the book, Bless Me Ultima, I realized the integral importance of religion and need for religion and answers to life’s questions. At first, while reading this book, I thought it was just about relationships and the meaning in them but as the plot progressed I realized the book, is more than that, it questions the structures that decide the rules, morals and values that society is composed of. There were three types of religion that I identified in the book that young Anthony chose to pursue. The first was the paganistic rituals of Ultima. Ultima came into the life of Tony at a very young age and had great influence n the child. Ultima saved the life of Lucas through Tony’s strength. Physical pain was brought unto Anthony because of Ultima's ritual, showing actual validity of the rituals themselves, that they were had tangibility. She brought torment on the Tenorio’s family (he was the antagonist in the book-the bad guy) saving Lucas though using ritualistic dolls and chants. This showed her magic was not only good but bad as well. Ultima guided Anthony through all of the mental and social torment during his early years of grade school. So in away Ultima was a guide for Tony through his early years to make sense of all of the storms in his early life, but also was an instrument of religion to base his life on. But in the end of the book Ultima ultimately dies and the strength he once found in her is destroyed. She is ...
Tony also stands up against a mob for Florence; everyone wants to punish Florence for "not believing in God" (214) and Tony pushes the crowd away and refuses to give Florence the penance that Florence does not deserve. Although Tony knows that he will be given the "Indian torture" (214), he still speaks up for his friend. Anaya often presents Tony as a dependent character, never wanting to "be away from the protection of [his] mother" (51); in fact, he's so close to his mother that it seems that he's going through Oedipus's Complex. Anaya actually does this to increase the impact of Tony's bravery. One might expect Tony to stay in his undercover bushes when Tenorio is standing so close; however, when Tony hears that Tenorio knows the way to kill Ultima, the thought to warn Ultima supercedes his fear and encourages his legs to pick up and run home (255).
While avoiding conflict isn 't something negative, he does it to a point where it seems as if he has no will. During his conversation with Veronica, she accuses him of being "quite cowardly" to which he responds that he thinks that "it 's more that [he 's] peaceable" (26). He doesn 't defend himself or ponder why he is accused of this. When he thinks about Annie, his ex-girlfriend, the most powerful memory he has of her is about how it was "easy come, easy go" (32). This relationship is the only one that Tony wishes he had pursued. Tony appears to be fine with doing anything as long as it doesn 't require a lot of effort. This lack of self-motivation causes him to never learn anything beyond what is directly presented to him and even then, he only retains the information. He doesn 't do anything to help himself view the world more clearly or become a better person. He only learns how to agree with someone in order to avoid
He constantly struggles with his place as the black sheep of his family; his brother, a priest, is clearly the favorite child. Tony, at first, doesn’t realize that he’s in a terrible place; this is exemplified by the exchange with his boss: “Fuck the future! You don’t fuck the future. The future fucks you, Tony. The future fucks you.” At the beginning of the movie, Tony’s quite happy with his monotonous daily life and uses his Saturday nights to compensate for this. However, he develops throughout the story. He realizes that he’s not going anywhere in his life. His status as the black sheep in his family is dropped, because his brother quit his job as a priest. Tony begins to dream of a better life, using the Verrazano-Narrows bridge as a symbol of such a life, one with a good job in a suburban
Tony Kytes is shown as a man who just simply likes women’s attention; he isn’t out to hurt any of the women he just gets caught up in everything that is going around him, and he is purely just trying to please all three women. Tony Kytes is engaged to marry Milly but yet he say’s to Hannah that it is not fixed yet, he then goes on to promise Hannah that he will try to break off his engagement with Milly so that he can propose to Hannah instead, but meanwhile forgetting that Milly is hiding under the sacks. I think that Thomas Hardy represents Tony Kytes as a quick thinker: although Tony Kytes actions lead to their embarrassment none of the women are damaged apart from the few scratches that Hannah receives.
Given all this, then where does magical thinking stem from and how is it acquired? Eugene Subbotsky (1997) argues that both magical and rational cause-effect reasoning are derived from a common source, that of phenomenalism. Magical thinking and scientific reasoning are often placed in diametric opposition, but by investigating causal reasoning through the lens of phenomenalism it is possible to conceive of magical and scientific thinking as two sides of the same coin—both linking the presence of a specific cause to a preceding effect and, hence, limited by the same basic principles of causality (Woolley, J. D., Browne C.A., & Boerger E.A. 2006). But phenomenalism itself anticipates these two forms of causal reasoning, and is defined by Subbotsky as “a purely empirical judgment about a causal connection between . . . events and lacks a theoretical foundation of any kind.” (14) Phenomenalism can also be thought of as an intermediary stage of uncertainty, in which an individual notices a cause-effect linkage but has not yet defined it within either the magical or rational context.
In the passage, “Another thing I did that summer was to confirm Cico’s story. I followed the line of water Cico said was drawn around the town, and it was true, the entire town was surrounded by water! Of course I did not go to the Hidden Lakes but I could see the obvious truth nevertheless”(124)., it tells how Tony goes and seeks truth for himself. Tony wants to confirm things with his own eyes. This shows that he is maturing because he wants to find the truth for himself rather than blindly accepting what someone else is telling him. A lot of young children are programmed to just accept what their parents tell them because they are their parents so they must know best. By not just accepting what Cico told him, and by actually taking the initiative to check for himself, it is apparent that Tony is growing
First, Conley tells us how he wanted to change his life in college. He wanted someone who knew how to party, but ended up with Tony. Tony was a guy with great taste of music, really quiet, and had different beliefs than Mr. Conley. However, they got to know each other better and the author thinks it was a great experience.
For example, in school every moment one is learning something new whether it is a part of history, a new method to solve a problem in math, a new language, or even how to do a layup in gym which can all help one grow as a person. In school, one is also exposed to many new ideas which could come from their teachers, friends, or classmates that can influence them on how they act or their interests for different hobbies or even for what they will want to be in the future when they grow up. These ideas can greatly affect what one will enjoy doing in their life. It could be a pass time which could turn into a job that they will love. One is continuously learning even outside of school. It could just be small things that one discovers but one never fully stops learning. One is learning something in everything they do. They could be learning by reading a book, doing homework, simply talking to someone or by playing their favourite games, all of which makes one a smarter and wiser person. If we could not learn anything new, we could never be able grow as a person and be able make better choices in our lives. In addition, there are constantly new ideas that enter one’s mind which leave one to ponder on these thoughts. Curiosity also plays a major role in discovering new things. If one is curious about something interesting ,then one will want to explore the idea more. The more one explores an idea, the more they will learn. Exploring these new ideas are a fantastic thing to do because one may find a different interest that they will enjoy much more than their current interests and will lead one to change as a person and go on to live life in a better way by changing the path they go on and making different choices which relate to what they have like to
Tony has successfully fulfilled his physiological needs by having access to all the basic needs such as food, shelter, and water. He has a home that satisfies his safety needs by protecting him from the outside world (Apted, 2006). Tony leads an orderly, structured and somewhat predictable life, another aspect of safety needs. Tony belongs to his family group as well as having an identity as an Eastern European. Tony became very defensive when he talked about other cultures coming and taking over his, indicating that he felt strong social ties to that identity. In addition to this, he has fulfilled his esteem needs by feeling proud of his accomplishments and having his wife happy for him as well. Tony has reached the top of the hierarchy of the need for self-actualization. Tony does not appear to have any doubts in his life or worry as to what he failed to accomplish. He does state that he wished he could have been a jockey but accepted that he could not due to his height. Tony appears to be satisfied with his life and all of his