Additionally, I will suggest that explicating the role of mental variations in cognition may be seen as a vital component of maintaining the strength of certain approaches and "schools" of cognitive science. (1) Preliminary Remarks (a) Introduction What is the role of mental variation in cognitive science? I will attempt to answer this question, as it often happens in philosophy, by dividing it into two separate questions: (1) What role does mental variation already (implicitly) play in cognitive science? and (2) Would cognitive science benefit by inquiring (explicitly) into the role of mental variation? I will attempt to show that mental variation already plays an important, although not always explicit, role in cognitive science.
The first step in formulating a historiographical essay is to formulate a thesis that speaks to the event or issue of study. Implementing a variety of sources from different time periods could help bolster the author’s historical argument and thesis. Scholarly writings tend to shape the understanding of said topic, this fact should be incorporated in the essay. However, it is significant to note that some sources, while they are centered around the same topic, will often be contradictory. The writer can use this to his/her benefit by including various perspectives.
1.What is behind the methodology and methods In this part, the author's philosophical assumptions latent beneath the methodology and method. This ... ... middle of paper ... ...uch issues. Then, the discussion about giving an alternative way of conducting the research has applied with me a good chance to look at multiple facets of methodology and methods. Such practice could help new researchers to improve their skills and depth of thinking. Last but not the least, the examination of how theory research and practice interact within the context and potentially is indeed interesting and helpful.
Are RCT designs in psychotherapy research essential and exclusively necessary to advance ESTs? Within the literature westen et al. Seem to bring forth one of the more convincing papers addressing the problems with RCT designs, and advocate the use of alternative measure for psychotherapy research. Westen et al. Bring to light some serious concerns.
Experiential learning then requires reflection on our interpretive schemes and as such, suggests we are responsible for our experiences. Depending on what interpretive schemata we use to interpret the encounter allows us to shape our experience and choose emotions that improve the experience assuming we desire a positive and learning experience. Once we become more conscious of our interpretive bias, we can choose and enhance our experiences of work, learning, and relationships. These systems of interpretation and “sense making” are known philosophically as hermeneutics. Where early hermeneutics limited itself to textual interpretations, more contemporary application expanded to include interpretation of the existential experience of the author.
With this done, a widely acceptable distinction of costs and rewards could be constructed and therefore provide a means to test the theory. Expecting studies to solve the problem with individual differences, altruism and agapic type of relationship in the near future may not be reasonable, because these issues would be difficult to deal with. Following Stafford (2008), I would say that perhaps the most reasonable change that further research should do is to shift the focus from viewing communication as a means of resources exchange to considering it as the resource itself.
However, it is rational to believe that I am in the matrix and will eventually enter back into my reality later. The proof that that I can know that I am in the matrix and that I will return to reality comes from the responses of foundationalism, idealism, and pallibalism. To begin, foundationalism is the essence of what we are certain of. Many philosophers argue on the basis of foundationalism to find out where knowledge begins. This will help determine if Neo would be able to know or not know if he is dreaming up the matrix or in fact that it is reality.
Improving the Relationship This paper will detail how I would explain to my policymaker what the psychological barriers are for intelligence collection and analysis. Next, I will provide an argument as to what types of rigors are needed to improve intelligence analysis making it more reliable. Finally, I will persuade the policymaker to support my argument in order to receive more funding in order to implement the type of improvements I have defined. Policymakers need to understand that analysts face psychological obstacles in four key stages of the analytical process, which are making judgments, coordinating judgments, confronting organizational norms, and substantive judgments. (George and Bruce, 2008) When an analyst makes a judgment based on inconclusive evidence the probability that a surprise will occur increases.
When studying oppressed and minority groups, historical analysis is valuable in aiding the development of alternative models of social change. Odell (2001: 161-163) substantiates this by stating that historical analysis is characteristically used to develop and critique diverse ranges of political and social theories. More specifically, historical analysis can be utilised to aid in illustrating a theoretical idea, to test a theory, or to generate a new theory. Historical analysis reveals more than theory can on its own, and can provide context and reasoning to... ... middle of paper ... ...reat to the credibility of historical analysis, and if are not overcome, lead to ineffectual and unreliable representations of history (Jupp 2006: 135-137). This would be detrimental when attempting to understand development and social change.
I will draw on the views of Joseph Levine and discussions with Ken Taylor for materialist theories, on Chalmers' book for a dualist perspective, and I will use Dennett's writings for eliminativist considerations. In his book, Chalmers argues that if one is to "take consciousness seriously," one should endorse a dualistic theory like his property dualism because materialism cannot explain how consciousness could amount to physical structures and processes. In the process, Chalmers argues against the eliminativist position which he claims does not "take consciousness seriously." I will begin by explaining the important concepts in the dualist-materialist-eliminativist debate such as consciousness; logical, metaphysical, and natural supervenience; and zombies. Next, I will explicate what I take to be Chalmers' main argument for property dualism.