President Reagan pushed for a space-based missile system to ... ... middle of paper ... ...l fell and the Cold War ended in 1991. The Soviet collapse was the result of a culmination of many events, including the Chernobyl disaster, rebellion in the Baltic republics, and the rising expectations of consumers in a socialist system that could not produce anything of use. Reagan was indeed judicious in his rhetoric and in his Anti-Communist views. These actions on his behalf led to greater worldwide investment in democracy. 1.
Whereas Nixon took the passive route, Reagan used powerful anti-Communist rhetoric to set the tone for his approach towards fighting Communists. Of his projected changes "none was more important to Reagan than building up tremendous military s... ... middle of paper ... ... powerful anti-Communist rhetoric stating in 1980 that "the Soviet Union underlies all the unrest that is going on" (LPW, 527). By 1983 Reagan was denouncing the Soviets as the "evil empire" and continued to accelerate his military build up. The President attempted to talk to Soviet leaders about limiting nuclear arms but nothing would come of these talks. A Democratic notion of a "nuclear freeze" forced Reagan to reconsider his military policy because the election of 1984 was approaching and he had to appease the American public.
The response of US President Ronald Reagan has often been cited as a contributor to the end of the Cold War: he introduced a number of anti-communist policies including the Reagan Doctrine (in which the USA would aid anti-communist movements) and the Strategic Defense Initiative (better known as ‘Star Wars’, a missile strategy, intended to resurrect competition and diminish the Soviet economy) and negotiated arms reductions with the Soviet leaders. Some argue his actiosn left the Soviet Union “completely defeated by the USA, economically [and] technologically” (Gorum 2014) and hence were a major factor in ending the cold war. Mike Bowker (1997) suggests this view is an exaggeration, and that Reagan in fact “changed very little on the ground and certainly was not sufficient to explain the radical change”. He proposes instead that the cause for change was primarily the “new thinking” of Mikhail
The cold war was a post-World War II struggle between the United States and its allies and the group of nations led by the Soviet Union. Direct military conflict did not occur between the two superpowers, but intense economic and diplomatic struggles erupted. Different interests led to mutual suspicion and hostility in a rising philosophy. The United States played a major role in the ending of the cold war. It has been said that President Ronald Reagan ended the cold war with his strategic defense policies.
Prior to the Reagan Administration, the United States had already made several attempts to fight the spread of C... ... middle of paper ... ...idual states, effectively ending the Cold War. Reagan’s leadership and the relationship he forged with Gorbachev set the stage for a peaceful resolution of the Cold War. Through his foreign policy, Reagan sought to achieve the transformative goal of “peace through strength”. But while Reagan’s expansion of the military budget and warrior-like rhetoric were significant, his vision would not have come to pass without an atrophying Soviet economy and the rise to power of Gorbachev in 1985. Works Cited http://www.nsspress.com/braunwarth_reader/sec20.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reagan_Doctrine http://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/us-aid-anticommunist-rebels-reagan-doctrine-its-pitfalls http://www.thoughtleader.co.za/joncayzer/2011/02/16/ronald-reagan-at-100-the-legacy/ http://www.hks.harvard.edu/m-rcbg/CSRI/publications/workingpaper_16_ruggie.pdf
The SDI was a significant part of Reagan’s defense policy intended to end MAD. The SDI was the United States’ reply to possible nuclear attacks from afar. Ending the Cold War, was a major achievement of Reagan’s presidency. The Cold War had roared since WWII and communism‘s expedition for world domination remained a factual threat to the United States when President Reagan took office. Reagan reversed the policy of detente and stood firm against the Soviet Union, he was ruthless in pushing his SDI and gave aid to rebels battling Soviet-backed Marxists.
However, the Soviet Union was in a much worse place to do so as they already had considerable debt and a much weaker economy. Paradoxically, the USSR’s push for new military spending ended up only weakening their power by destabilizing their economy further. SDI was particularly worrisome to the Soviets because it completely threatened the doctrine of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) whose balance of power had prevented nuclear war for the past 40 years (Smith 133). The United States also used the CIA to funnel money and arms to rebels and dissenters in Communist countries (Smith 130). While in most cases only a minor cause of the end of Communism, this support was especially important in Poland where it helped keep Solidarity alive during its years underground and in Afghanistan where the United
Seven American presidents over the course of 44 years engaged the Soviet Union in cold war prior to Reagan’s election in 1980. They used policies such as containment and Détente to contain Soviet aggression and win the Cold War. Ronald Reagan came to power at the pinnacle of the Cold War, following, what he saw, as the failures of Détente. Reagan was a tireless cheerleader of American patriotism in a time when America had lost faith in its national institutions and its position on the world’s stage. An ardent anti-Communist, Reagan often invoked anti-Soviet rhetoric, calling them an “Evil Empire” and challenging Soviet leadership to “tear down” the Berlin Wall.
He was trying to make our country’s weapons stockpile better than that of Russia’s. During this time, we were on the brink of a very real nuclear war. Reagan’s hard-nosed stance against Russia and all that it stood for was going to take a very unexpected turn, cutting down the possibility of a nuclear war. Reagan’s thorn, Brezhnev died and bringing about the leadership of one Mikhail Gorbachev. It was one of the best things... ... middle of paper ... ...g when you can defeat your enemy with more people and better weapons.
It is ignorance and stupidity of Gorbachev that he did not realize that these consequences would occur if he permitted people to speak in “openness';. His policies of perestroika and glasnost gave these oppressed nations the weapons and tools to fight and break away from a totalitarian government. Former President Mikhail Gorbachev was always more loved and admired in the White House and in the State Department, than among his own people.