Roman Culture: Augustus Caesar, Emperor Constantine, And Pericles

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Augustus Caesar, Emperor Constantine, and Pericles were all significant leaders and each of their cultures were very influential. Augustus Caesar led Rome’s transformation from republic to empire, and served as its first emperor until his death. Emperor Constantine on the other hand served as a Roman army officer, as well as emperor of Rome from 306 to 337 CE, generally understood as the first Christian Emperor of the Roman world. Pericles, was a prominent Greek statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the Golden Age. All were indeed significant leaders that lived through very important time periods. But once they were all deceased and united in the afterlife, the big question of whose time period or culture had a greater influence…show more content…
The ancient Roman Culture created art that was set on cultural value, religious beliefs, as well as technological achievements. He stated, “Roman art is art that brings diverse elements together to produce something entirely new, with a powerful message-bearing potential, which led to Rome’s extraordinary successful expansion.” Roman did not believe, as we do today, that to have a copy of an artwork was any less that to have the original. It is also true that many Romans duplicated versions of famous Greek works from earlier centuries; this is why we often have marble versions of lost Greek Bronzes such as the Doryphoros by Polykleitos. An example Caesar used was Augustus of Primaporta from the Imperial Roman time period. This life sized marble sculpture-in-the-round was possibly a Roman copy of a statue from the Greeks. Everything from the chiastic stance, augustus hair, to the smooth features of Augustus face, are so reminiscent of polykleitos Doryphoros, making everyone to even scholars believe Augustus turned deliberately to this well known image. By associating Augustus with historical or divine figures such as Cupid , or Eros, the son of Venus, it projected an image of earthly and divinely commanded power, and by that, elevating the emperor above other politicians. The Augustus of Primaporta offers a good example of the tendency in Roman…show more content…
The Greek culture was obviously the most influential out of us three and it will always be.” He then addressed the crowd and started off by mentioning Greek architecture. The Parthenon is the most important symbol of Greece’s cultural image. The temple was created to worship the Greek goddess Athena, which establishes their religious beliefs at the time. Pericles looked at Augustus Caesar and said ,“It’s stylistic conventions have become the standard of Classical architecture, and its style has influenced architecture for many centuries after it was built, including the Pantheon.” Numerous modern day buildings have adapted a Classical style. Even today, the Greeks look back at the building as a unique symbol of Greek cultural power. When Pericles got onto the topic of art from his culture, he mentioned that “most Roman art wouldn’t even exist for the simple fact that most were copies of sculptures from my period.” Romans commissioned versions of famous Greek works from earlier centuries. For example, the famous Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) is actually a Roman copy of a lost Greek bronze. Polykleitos, the artist who created Doryphoros, was in search for an ideal system of proportions rooted in a philosophical quest for illumination and believed that harmony in the universe could be expressed in mathematical terms. In general, Greek art like this tended to focus on near perfect proportions and balanced
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