Roman artwork is extremely intricate and diverse, however, a lot of what is referred to as Roman art can better be described by the cultures it conquered. The ancient Greeks were the most influential of these cultures, from their temples and sculptures, to their reliefs and paintings. Greece was the first culture to create major programs for sculpture, painting, and architecture. Many of the first Roman artists were of Greek descent as their artwork reflects the Classical and Hellenistic periods of ancient Greece. A lot of what is considered to be Roman artwork is criticized as being mere copies of Greek artwork since they modeled their forms and styles after the Greeks, but other cultures influenced the Romans as well, mainly the Etruscans,
The utmost example of Hellenistic Greek sculpture. The Altar of Zeus at Pergamon was one of numerous samples of monumental architecture which the Attalids counted upon to accomplish their spiritual and political purposes. Ancient Greek architects endeavored for the accuracy and excellence of workmanship that are the trademarks of Greek art in general. The two primary orders in Archaic and Classical Greek architecture are the Doric and the Ionic. Ancient Greece has brought about many world architectural arrangements along centuries.
The Tuscan order is what Rome later modified to build their temples. Although the Romans had some inventions of their own in architecture, such as concrete, the majority of their structures developed from the Greek style. Roman art, especially sculptures and paintings, was influenced by the Greeks because when Rome conquered Greece, much of Greek art became collectively mixed with that of Rome. Many of the Classical Greek sculptures that were later seen in Rome depicted a naturalistic representation of humans through portrait busts (Sayre 184). While the Greeks influenced Roman realism, Rome took it to a new level in revealing every wrinkle and wart.
Although the Romans copied many aspects Greek culture, they also have made distinct contributions. Greece and Rome have also made tremendous contributions to our civilization with art and architecture. The Greeks invented the column and the Romans took these Greek features with some of their own, such as a strong new concrete concept, dome and arches and created marvelous structures. The Roman and the Greek gods seem to relate to each other. A similarity between the two mythologies is that the symbols and designations of powers are the same in the two.
To their credit, the Romans recognized the richness of Greek art and architecture, and they sought to emulate the Greek masters -- and the Greek styles and themes -- in their own art. To a large degree, it was the Romans who brought Greek (and Hellenistic) culture to world attention. Romans patronized Greek artists and artisans in the glorification of a vast world of their own, Roman creation. It is no surprise, then, that the Roman poet VIRGIL (or VERGIL) turns to Greek mythology and to the Greek epics as he fashions his own description of the origins and destiny of the Roman state, The Aeneid. Virgil writes his extended poem, in part, to win the favor of
This is Ancient Greece during its Golden Age. The worship of gods was not just a practice for the Ancient Greeks it was a passion and they took it very seriously. Huge temples were built across the Peloponnesus and beyond that honored their respective gods in the Greek religion. Parades, sacrifices, banquets, and week long celebrations were held in honor of these gods that the Greeks based nearly their entire society off of. The Greeks would offer their lives, their family’s lives, all of their possessions to please the gods.
It is also the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture as well as the symbol of the city of Athens. Some of the greatest architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground. The Greek believed the human body was the measure of all things, therefore the artists created sculptures in a very detailed fashion which made them very life-like although the size of R... ... middle of paper ... ... made such a great impression that it has carried through to our present day buildings such as the White House. The Athena Parthenos has been recreated by the Romans and then most recently by recreated by Alan LeQuire which is in Nashville. (See Fig 2.)
As Horace, a Roman poet, said, “Greece, once overcome, overcame her wild conqueror.” The mixing of elements of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture produced a new culture, called Greco-Roman culture. This is also often called classical civilization. Roman artists, philosophers, and writers did not merely copy their Greek and Hellenistic models. They adapted them for their own purposes and created a style of their own. Roman art and literature came to convey the Roman ideals of strength, permanence, and
One cannot separate the mythology of the Greeks and Romans from their history and culture unless a boundary line is drawn between their two very different values. Greek mythology is older, and depends heavily on portraying individual human flaws and weaknesses, like hubris, through gods clashing with epic heroes. Instead of worshipping the gods, the Greeks sought to learn from the values set forth in stories by the gods or epic hero. The core Greek values taught in these stories are hospitality, intelligence, and virtue. Roman mythology, however, is mostly recycled ancestral tribe mythologies and the Greek divines’ hierarchal structure (roles of gods).
ADV History of The Arts Religion was immensely significant during The Roman Empire, considering that the first Roman architects were priests. The priests would compose beautiful places exclusively for the gods. Many of these gods were those adapted from other cultures, like the greeks(JCPS). This prevented uprisings from conquered territories.The Romans used many of the Greeks ideas but they used their own new materials and ideas to make the Roman Empire one of the most famously known sites for their extraordinary architecture. (Moulton, 56 v.1) The local people would then worship at these places.