The Romans took and borrowed a lot of things from the Greek culture. For example, the took the Greek Gods and renamed them. They also took the styles of Greek temples, but they changed them some. The temple was rectangular, with a gabled roof, with a frontal staircase giving access to its high platform. They used mainly the Corinthian style, but they also made combinations, for instance the Corinthian-Ionic style.
The ancient Roman Culture created art that was set on cultural value, religious beliefs, as well as technological achievements. He stated, “Roman art is art that brings diverse elements together to produce something entirely new, with a powerful message-bearing potential, which led to Rome’s extraordinary successful expansion.” Roman did not believe, as we do today, that to have a copy of an artwork was any less that to have the original. It is also true that many Romans duplicated versions of famous Greek works from earlier centuries; this is why we often have marble versions of lost Greek Bronzes such as the Doryphoros by Polykleitos. An example Caesar used was Augustus of Primaporta from the Imperial Roman time period. This life sized marble sculpture-in-the-round was possibly a Roman copy of a statue from the Greeks.
Although the Romans copied many aspects Greek culture, they also have made distinct contributions. Greece and Rome have also made tremendous contributions to our civilization with art and architecture. The Greeks invented the column and the Romans took these Greek features with some of their own, such as a strong new concrete concept, dome and arches and created marvelous structures. The Roman and the Greek gods seem to relate to each other. A similarity between the two mythologies is that the symbols and designations of powers are the same in the two.
The Greeks went through a few periods the geometric period, the archaic period, and the classical period. Throughout these periods the Greek artists learned and advanced in a short period of time. The Greek artists learned rules of perspective, made great progress, and created contrapposto, which is the weight distribution in a sculpture. Art in the High classical period in Greece had a standard, a set of rules the artists followed. Looking at artwork in comparison A, the sculptures both appear to be Greek, although they can be confused for Roman sculptures.
“… Roman art is not solely a continuation of Greek art. The Romans were very different the Greeks, and their art is accordingly different in emphasis and focus… They were superb engineers. Their sculpture and painting is realistic, with an emphasis on particulars – specific people, places, and times…” For architecture, the Romans selected Greek orders and was influenced by the Etruscan architecture. “…The Romans made Doric columns taller and slimmer and gave them a base.” The Romans used Composite order and engaged columns in their architecture, in contrast to the Greeks. In comparison, both the Greeks and Romans built their buildings out of the uses of ashlar masonry.
The Tuscan order is what Rome later modified to build their temples. Although the Romans had some inventions of their own in architecture, such as concrete, the majority of their structures developed from the Greek style. Roman art, especially sculptures and paintings, was influenced by the Greeks because when Rome conquered Greece, much of Greek art became collectively mixed with that of Rome. Many of the Classical Greek sculptures that were later seen in Rome depicted a naturalistic representation of humans through portrait busts (Sayre 184). While the Greeks influenced Roman realism, Rome took it to a new level in revealing every wrinkle and wart.
Greek and Roman architecture have long been connected due to the similarities between the temples and other types of constructions that those two civilizations created. Roman architecture was highly influenced by Greece but the Romans also diverge to create a separate identity. Also, both civilizations used in their constructions those three different type of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Greeks tended to use the less ornate Doric columns in their temples compared with the Roman temples which are usually supported by Corinthian columns. An important difference between the Greeks and Romans is that they used in their temples different type of materials.
Ancient Greco-Roman Sculptures Greek and Roman sculptures act as milestones throughout the development of art. Both types of sculptures played significant roles socially and politically during their corresponding periods. Although the Greek artists had limited materials, they still created gorgeous sculptures; similarly, the Roman sculptors adapted the techniques from the Greeks in order to create magnificent works for their own purposes. Ancient Greek sculptures were the mix of Egyptian and Syrian styles. In 800 to 300 B.C., Greek sculptures had a powerful inspiration throughout the centuries.
I believe the Greek architects with its development came into existence before Roman civilization. Therefore, the Roman civilization took some features from Greek architecture when they started building. Greek architects provided some of the best and most typical buildings in the Ancient World. Some of their constructions, such as temples, theatres, and stadia, would become primary features of towns and municipalities from ancient times forward. In addition, the Greek was alarmed with simplicity, quantity, perception, and synchronization in their buildings that would go on to significantly impacting architects in the Roman world.
Long after the Roman army captured Athens, the principles of Greek architecture continued to govern building designs in mainland Greece and in Anatolia and strongly influenced Roman architecture throughout the empire. Greek architecture changed and evolved over a number of years. The creative architecture of the Greeks led to the construction of some of the best known buildings in history. Therefore, the Greek's advancements in the field of architecture were not only beneficial to their civilizations, but ours as well.