These ideologies help convey various differences in public opinions towards domestic violence, and how much blame should be placed on the victims themselves. Through proper research in this area, many criminal justice agencies and lawmakers can develop and implement various policies and laws, which will aim not only to protect the victims, but also to lower re-victimization levels, as well as providing adequate education, punishment, and counselling for those who are the perpetrators of this nasty crime. Description/Explanation of the Topic/Issue The question many ask of victims of domestic violence is why they stay in abusive relationships (Nitu, 2012). Leaving an abusive relationship is, most of the times, easier said than done. As Nitu (2012) notes, many women who are in abusive relationships have a true fear of further violence if they leave, attempt to leave, or seek help in dealing with an abusive relationship.
Chapter one Purpose The purpose of this project is to introduce a brochure, based on current evidence, that can help rape victims find a healthy approach to recovery. It is important to provide victims with support, contact numbers, counselors and self help strategies in case they do not follow up with a medical professional. If victims refuse to talk it is important to teach them about therapeutic poetry and journaling which are optimal ways of expressing emotions. Holding in feelings over time can lead to self directed violence, nightmares, trust issues, and changes in relationships. Victims are at risk for re-victimization by society and the justice system.
Advantages of the restorative justice are that victims get to present their stories to offenders and this makes it more personal. The victims are able to speak directly to offenders and express how the crimes committed against them have effected their lives. This also provides a therapeutic experience for the victim. This will also make it so that the offender may be able to empathize with the victim and their experience. Offenders also have the option to have a hearing in a community conference rather than court.
Mediation involves individuals seeking to resolve a dispute as where in restorative justice is based on the recognition by the offender that he or she has committee a criminal offence. Post-conviction restorative justice programs can guard against the host of legitimate concerns over the use of restorative justice in such case (McGlynn 826). Restorative justice also focuses more on amends than punishing the offender. The goal of restorative justice is for the accused to accept responsibility for what they did. It also gives them an opportunity for the victim to heal through the interaction with th... ... middle of paper ... ...of the time the offender does not truly feel remorse for what they have done.
Instead of focusing on punishment, restorative justice focuses on creating a trustworthy social support system in order to stimulate meaningful dialogue and investment in the restorative process (Karp & Sacks, 2014). Both retributive justice and restorative justice focus on victims, but restorative justice includes of offenders within the situation. With this inclusion, restorative justice could provide emotional closure to victims. This possibility creates a gap between what the criminal justice system promises to provide in terms of safety, security, and satisfaction and what it actually can deliver (Joyce-Wojtas & Keenan, 2016). A gap also arises because advocates of the criminal justice system have unrealistic expectation and participants that do not know how to act in a restorative manner (Daly,2003).
The response from these offenders is of remorse; understanding of the effect on their victims, as well as an understanding of the potential effect continued criminal behavior could have personally. Does restorative justice work if implemented early on in our judicial system and will it have an effect on recidivism? Will this restorative approach work for violent crimes and will restorative justice reduce recidivism in violent criminals? Sherman et al. (2015) concluded that restorative justice, specifically RJC’s are effective in reducing recidivism as well as costs to criminal justice systems amongst willing participants, which is the foundation of the restorative justice process, the willingness of all involved.
Cases are referred to victim offender mediation programs by judges, probation officers, victim advocates, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and police. In some instances, a referral is used as a diversion from prosecution, assuming any agreement reached during mediation is successfully completed. However, other cases are usually referred after a formal admission of guilt has been accepted by the courts and mediation being a condition of probation, but only if the victim has volunteered to participate. The most important thing to accomplish is the support and healing process of the victim and strictly on a voluntary basis. As well as to allow the offender to learn the impact of the crime to the victim and to take responsibility for their actions and behavior.
Therefore, this case plays on the idea that, when an individual feels his or her life to be in danger, self-defence is accurate. In the case of Ms. Lavallee, both reasonableness and ethics were questioned. Since Ms. Lavallee is a victim of battered woman syndrome, when she pulls the trigger at that life-threatening moment, cannot be understood except in terms of the cumulative effect of months or years of being brutally abused. Overall, this case is an exceptional example of how self-defence comes to play within the criminal justice system. It is important for the law to revaluate cases for a better understanding of the balance of inclination over pain.
It is going to help identify whether enacting stricter laws and enforcing them helps in reducing the relate... ... middle of paper ... ... policies have to be able to effectively deal with the crime. The results of this study can be used to formulate policy in the state and in other states. The study plays an important role in understanding the nature of domestic violence, and how enforcement of stricter laws against it will affect its prevalence in the community. Works Cited Clarke, Ronald Situational Crime Prevention. New York: Sage, 2005.
Prevention of escape, assault, and property loss is a vital objective of counselors who requires unique and expert skills in their fields. Moreover, the counselors play a critical role in the juvenile criminal offenses. They offer mental health treatment and advice to those people who are affected by various kinds of violence which is legal or ethical implications in the society. Moreover, the counselors also utilize their skills to generate a safer environment for the affected people. They try to reduce the chances of physical violence against.