Resilience in the Face of Terrorism

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According to the United States Department of Defense terrorism is “the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological” (United States Training and Doctrine Command, 2007, p. 2). Terrorists use violence and intimidation to stimulate fear in many individuals. They also use the threat of various types of attacks, such as traditional attacks (e.g. bombings), and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) attacks to create an environment of fear. Although Americans may remain fearful of terrorist attacks, they remain resilient, ensuring that their infrastructure is resilient as well. An example of America’s resilience is the reconstruction of the World Trade Center. A memorial was built in place of the World Trade Center that collapsed to demonstrate that these victims may be gone, but they are not forgotten. The topics of terrorism, homegrown terrorists, CBRN attacks, and resiliency are vital in understanding how terrorist use these themes to generate fear in U.S. citizens. Terrorism, Fear, and Intimidation Terrorists use fear as a weapon to scare their targets, which allows them to achieve the objective of frightening civilians. Creating an environment of terror makes the terrorist feel like they have supremacy over those individuals that they are targeting (TRADOC, 2007). Creating fear over their opposition makes terrorist feel powerful (TRADOC, 2007). Terrorist may continue to feel power if the groups targeted are not resilient and fail to demonstrate to the terrorist that they are willing to fight back. Although terrorist attacks ... ... middle of paper ... ...). Anthrax in America: A chronology and analysis of the fall 2001 attacks. Retrieved form https://www.fas.org/irp/threat/cbw/anthrax.pdf Ridge, T. (2011). Never any doubt: A resilient America. Homeland Security Affairs, 7(2), 1-3. Retrieved from Retrieved from https://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=7.2.12 Tavor, T. (2011). The impact of terrorist attacks on the capital market in the last decade. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(12) Retrieved from http://ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol._2_No._12;_July_2011/9.pdf United States Training and Doctrine Command. (2007, August 15). A military guide to terrorism in the twenty-first century. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/terrorism/guide.pdf Weismann, G. (2004, December). Cyberterrorism: How real is the threat? (Special Report 119). Retrieved from http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/sr119.pdf
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