Reaction Paper II: Economic Restructuring

851 Words4 Pages
Introduction: There are three frameworks or approaches in the examination of poverty: the neo-classical conservative, the liberal and the radical schools. In this paper, I argue that the radical school of thought best approaches poverty from a standpoint that allows for the liberation of minorities from hegemonic norms. First, I will examine the conservative school understanding of poverty and how they inadequately address the values and views of minorities that result in oppressive policies. Second, I will critique the liberal school and how that paradigm also ineffectively acknowledges the perspectives of minorities that also lead to policies that are unjust. Finally, I will review the radical school and demonstrate how this framework best understands poverty from a viewpoint that allows for comprehensive liberating policy for the economically excluded. The Conservative View: The conservative school of thought fails to address the perspectives of the impoverished that results in oppressive social welfare policies. The conservative school understands the poor consisting of minorities (women, blacks and immigrants). As Schram (1995), suggest the conservative thought views the behavior of individuals as the cause of poverty. For example, Mead (2000) postulates that poverty results from negative behavior of non-working people. The objective supposition from the conservative view results in biases that avoid bringing in individual interpretation in research (Schram, 1995). The policies advances leave out any analysis of the needs and imaginaries of those minorities the conservatives perceive as impoverished. As a result oppressive paternalistic policy materially enforces appropriate behavior standards that are set by the non-... ... middle of paper ... ...J., Weigt, J. and Gonzales, L. (2006). Living Economic Restructuring at the Bottom: Welfare Restructuring and Low-Wage Work. . In Kilty, K., and Segal, E., (Eds.). The Promise of Welfare Reform: Political Rhetoric and the Reality of Poverty in the Twenty First Century. (pp. 81-96). Haworth Press, NY. Schram, S. (1995). Suffer in silence: The Subtext of Social Policy Research. In Words of Welfare: The Poverty of Social Science and the Social Science of Poverty. (pp. 3-19). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota. Wacquant, L., Wilson, W.J., (1989). The Cost of Racial and class Exclusion in the Inner City. In Lin, J., and Mele, C., (Eds.). The Urban Sociology Reader. (pp. 124-133). Routledge, New York, NY. Wilson, W.J. (1996). From Instituional to Jobless Ghettos. In R.T. Legates, & F. Stout (Eds.). The City Reader (pp. 110-119). New York, NY: Routledge.
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