She also explains the differences between whites and blacks and how they experience reproduction differently. Morgan also elaborates on how sex is a sexual disclosure. This gave us the conclusion on how the ideologies of race and reproduction are central to the organization of slavery. The center of discussion and analysis about the sex/gender system focus on the differences between African, European and Creole Women. The sex/gender system describe by Morgan focus on their production, body and kinship.
The pre-conceived westernized animalistic sexual politic of the Black being lives outside of normal and is the last to be so widely taught as positive. Norms influence people’ sense of themselves as men and women as well as perceptions of masculinity and femininity (Collins, p6). The elusiveness of sexual politics within the African American community stems from African Americans having historically and systemically been stripped of their notion of themselves and then clouded with Westernized ideas of what black sexual politic is. America is a sexually repressive society. Black sexuality within these westernized standards is often constructed, as aberrant while Black politics remain unspeaking of such repression.
Examining the history of black women, the three prominent stereotypes attached to them and comparing these to society today, it is clear that the standard for African American women is not only inaccessible but also unreasonable. The oppression of women in society has been evident throughout the history of the United States. However, African American women have been second-class citizens to not only both black and white males, but white women as well (64). Beginning with slavery, black women were objectified as objects as Thomas Jefferson subjected enslaved blacks to the same “scientific” observation as animals and plants. Jefferson than stated that this observation led to the conclusion that white women were superior to black women because men of the African American community preferred white women.
In the late 1830s and 1840s a number of “scientific and systematic writings on race emerged, primarily a reaction to abolitionist assaults on slavery.” (Wilson, 1996 p.75) It was these scientific findings that supported the social construct of race ideology, which was used to rationalize slavery, and formed the bases of racial discrimination that has shaped America’s culture. There is no doubt that slavery was controversial but what about the concept of race and “black inferiority.” One aspect of the North’s suppo... ... middle of paper ... ...ists held the same racist views that the black “race” was inferior to whites. Thus even with freedom, blacks were guaranteed to face a life filled with discrimination and prejudice. “Race science may well be the most lasting and devastating legacy of the North’s involvement in slavery.” (Farrow, et al. p. xxviii) Works Cited: Du Bois, W.E.B.
Oppression, sadly, has a big place all throughout the history of America. From the beginning, we started out being oppressed, but as the years went by, we started to oppress others, like females, blacks, and the poor. The United States of America believes in equality for all, but intersectional analysis can bring up the contradiction between that statement, and reality. Intersectional analysis is known as “an analytic mode that does not privilege one side of identification over another, but insists on the importance of race, class, gender, and sexuality as interlocking and mutually constitutive.”(Hong ix-x). This analytic mode was an important contribution to the science of sociology from the black feminists that Grace Hong talks about in her book The Ruptures of American Capital.
Two hundred years ago in America, being born of a certain race or gender predetermined one’s opportunities in life. African Americans were subjected to slavery and discrimination and women had very little liberty. In the present, the United States is much closer to equality, yet gender and race still play a role in life’s opportunities given the high frequency of affirmative action programs; they attempt to increase the representation of minorities on college campuses and in the office, regardless of virtue. Programs of affirmative action arouse controversy because some groups view affirmative action as a catalyst for reverse discrimination whilst other groups support affirmative action as a way to diversify society and compensate for past exclusions. Affirmative action describes the “positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded” (Fullinwinder).
These ideas were used to create the concept of white and white superiority in order to justify slavery and justify the brutal treatment of Native Americans. Jefferson in Notes on the State of Virginia ponders the idea that black slaves are mentally and bodily inferior to white people. He also talks about how Native Americans are like Europeans they just need to be civilized (The Stories We Tell). The concept was used to sort out those that made up 'civililized socity' and those that did not, potentially being sub-human beings. These distinctions lead to the sociatal acceptance that blacks were able to be enslaved for life, and that Native Americans could be mistreated, killed, robbed, and such because they were lesser then the white race.
I feel she effectively and convincingly states her argument using clear and concise language. Alexander effectively reviewed and explained the racial caste that our country instilled on African Americans in the past, through purposeful discrimination. Even prior to the Jim Crow laws, Black men and women had very few if any rights to employment, own land, or equal opportunities in general. Preceding these however was a far worse form of dehumanization, it was the atrocity that was slavery. This persistently prejudice judicial system no doubt impressed an ongoing lie of racial inferiority, which was difficult to overcome.
Her narrative focuses on the domestic issues that faced African-American women, she even states, “Slavery is bad for men, but it is far more terrible for women”. Therefore, gender separated the two narratives, and gave each a distinct view toward slavery. Douglass showed “how a slave became a man” in a physical fight with an overseer and the travel to freedom. Jacobs’s gender determined a different course, and how women were affected. Douglass and Jacob’s lives might seem to have moved in different directions, but it is important not to miss the common will that their narratives proclaim of achieving freedom.
It was a major phenotypic characteristic used to classify African Americans’ racial identity, intelligence and attractiveness (Guthrie, 1998). European culture was used as the reference group of comparison. Whiteness became identified with all that is civilized, virtuous and beautiful, whereas Blackness was deemed as inferior, rebellious, and inadequate. Guthrie (1998) reported that the hair of the black man was wool, not hair. Subsequently, this racist ideology was internalized by many African Americans, which resulted in what Jones and Shorter-G... ... middle of paper ... ...al, political and economic strides African Americans have made in society, are African American women still psychologically enslaved to their hair?