Quantum Mechanics

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Quantum Mechanics Quantum Mechanics is the science of subatomic particles and their behavior patterns that are observed in nature. As the foundation of scientific knowledge approached the start of the twentieth century, problems began to arise over the fact that classic physical ideas were not capable of explaining the observed behavior of subatomic particles. In 1913, the Danish physicist Neils Bohr, proposed a successful quantum model of the atom that began the process of a more defined understanding of its subatomic particles. It was accepted in the early part of the twentieth century that light traveled as both waves and particles. The reason light appears to act as a wave and particle is because we are noticing the accumulation of many light particles distributed over the probabilities of where each particle could be. In 1923, Louis De Broglie hypothesized that subatomic particles exhibit wavelike and particle properties for the same reason. The success of these theories inspired physicists to developed a way to describe the behavior of subatomic phenomena in terms of both waves and particles by means of mathematics. Newton’s laws, the basis of classic physical ideas, help obtain precise information about the location of an object at any future time. Classical physics assumes all collisions and locations of particles can be measured at once. The dual wave-particle nature of electrons flew in the face of such beliefs. In a changing environment, as is the nature of the electron, classical physical attributes of position and momentum are fleeting phenomena. No atomic particle can have both of these properties at the same time. An electron cannot be observed without changing its state. The simultaneous measurement of ... ... middle of paper ... ...ave equivalent results-mathematically they were the same theory. Together, the two theories formed a logical interpretation of the physical meaning of quantum mechanics that became known as the "Copenhagen Interpretation." Scientists, nurtured by the Copenhagen doctrine and the new quantum mechanics, formed a new and dominant generation of physicists. With the help of modern quantum physics we can speak of more attributes, such as mass, charge, wave functions, and the uncertainty principle in describing electron behavior. But, as Bohr’s Copenhagen interpretation goes on to suggest, our quantum theories are simply man made generalizations formulated to account for our observations. Quantum mechanics fails to provide deterministic, single-valued solutions to any problem. The true, accurate prediction of subatomic particle behavior is still left for discovery.

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