Adolescence the most important life course in the adolescent’s human development, during this stage many juveniles experience different emotions, transitions and cognitive dissonance. Juveniles experience many changes thought this age especially many physical changes in which their might experience confusions. One important theory concern is Erik Erikson theory of human psychosocial development. This theory states that human development must meet eight stages in order to transition into the next stage. According to Cvanaugh, and Kail (2014) argued that “adolescents face a crisis between identity and role confusion.” (p.240).
This time of change and development is known as puberty. There are physical changes that occur in the anatomy of the teen and there are social and emotional changes that can develop. Interest in sexual activities, risk taking behavior, competition for elevated social status, long with bodily changes are among the consistent trends discovered in adolescent puberty (Bellis, Downing, Ashton, 2006). The reason for many of these trends is effected by how the individual handles this time of change. For many, this can be a stressful and experimental time.
The traumatic events during childhood, such as, physical or emotional abuse, and the loss of a parent, may cause changes in the brain that makes a person more susceptible to depression (“Teen Depression”). Physical and emotional abuse is a main cause of trauma because the teen will not be able to trust anyone. Adolescence can be a very turbulent and difficult time, even for the well-adjusted teen. Teenagers with depression can have far-reaching implications, when young people suffer from or with emotional difficulties they aren’t sure how to manage (“10 Common Causes”). A physical abuse from a loved one or relationship has a lot of impact on a teen’s life.
The prior is proof that adolescents do engage in risky behaviour. Through this essay we will explore the various theories of why risky behaviour is at its height during adolescence. An Examination of Adolescence During adolescence emotional reactivity is heightened, and the social environment is changing as adolescents spend more time with their peers than adults (Casey, 2008). To an adolescent, the value of positive information, as well as negative information may be exaggerated which leads to greater emotional reactivity and sensitivity during this growth period (Casey, 2008). This can heighten the incidence of addiction and the onset of psychological disorders (Casey, 2008).
Being abused at a young age affects you throughout life because you are doing what was done to you which you thought was right. One way childhood abuse has a propensity on children lives growing up were physical. Children who feel perpetually in danger grow up with a high stress response. Later it heightens their emotions, makes it difficult to sleep, lowers immune function, and over time increases the risk of a number of physical illnesses. Adult survivors of child abuse are at increased risk of a heart attack from all the pain and suffering.
Adolescence is a period of turmoil and change for youngsters. During this time in their lives, adolescents experience many types of stresses. Some of these stresses include identity crisis, relationships with family members and friends, and the physical changes that take place. Adolescence is a very trying time and it can be heightened when divorce is an additional problem to be dealt with. Divorce only adds to the turmoil and hardships of adolescence.
The adolescent brain is a bit more sophisticated than that of a child. However, the brain still developing and that could have an effect in the mood and behavior of an adolescent, due to the increase of activity in the brain. We discussed in class that the adolescent brain is under constant activity, having different processes happening simultaneously. There are different hormones that affect the way an adolescent’s brain and body work, like dopamine for example. Dopamine, during adolescence is going all over the place, which impacts the way adolescents behave-- causing them to engage in risky behavior due to their reward system.
“A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder in which you have a rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving. A person with a personality disorder has trouble perceiving and relating to situations and to people. This causes significant problems and limitations in relationships, social encounters, work and school” (“Definitions”). This is the definition of personality disorders described by Mayo Clinic. Studies have shown that many personality disorders develop in childhood or early adulthood, and often people that struggle with these disorders have difficult time learning, and an even greater difficulty in changing their behavior.
Some say that the teenage years are one of the most challenging and trying times in an individual’s life. Many changes take place, both emotionally and physically, which sometimes can give the feeling of excitement… or in other cases… complete confusion and utter turmoil. Because emotions tend to run high during this period of life due to hormones, some teens resort to an unhealthy way of coping to deal with their emotional pain. This unhealthy way of dealing with emotional pain is also known as self injury. Self injury (or self harm) is widely known to take place during the teenage years up until the early years of adulthood (ages 14-24)when judgments become more defined, criticism becomes harsher, and limits are tested.
Through out the years, adolescence has been regarded as the most confusing and difficult part of life, for teenagers deal not only with hormonal and bodily changes, but also with changes of their position in the society. Responsibilities for and ambiguities about the future, along with romantic relationships or alienation from such, are substantial causes of anxiety and stress to an adolescent. Teenagers today face problems different from those faced by teens of previous generations. Few of such problems are freedom, to engage in sexual activity and to abuse drugs, experiences in loss due to the soaring divorce rates, and the sense of loss of any kind of progress. Moreover, societal pressures to conform to an ideal physical model induce emotional distress onto young males and females.