Many officials ended up being bribed into not reporting the bootleggers, which did not reduce the crime at all. The second reason for the failure of prohibition was that gangs and criminals moved into the bootleg business, and were making so much money that they were feared and would also bribe the authorities, judges and officials to co-operate with them. The gangsters caused massacres and the St Valentines Massacre was a turning point for prohibition. People started to realise the dramatic failure of the law, and so when the Wall Street crash and the depression hit the USA in the early 1930s' it was obvious that legalising alcohol would create jobs helping people out of the depression. With all these problems, people were still getting drunk, so even with the law drunkenness hardly decreased.
People that agreed with prohibition didn't realize that even without alcohol this issues would still exist, especially because they couldn't truly enforce the law. All that opposed figured out that it would majorly impact americas revenue and peoples freedoms. Also because peoples freedoms were taken away others would sneak around the law causing crime. Even though it was a failure because of america's lack of profit, rise of crime, and the loopholes within the law; it helped create foundations around the subject of alcohol like how it was harder to receive alcohol so americans would drink less and the regulations of the sale of alcohol. Prohibition, The noble experiment, was a failure but it helped us to regulate the situation and lead us to realize the wrongs and rights of this law.
Socially we were heavily affected because many people had been a part of the movements and children that had the classes to teach them how alcohol was bad were never going to just “un-learn” it all. The prohibition was a huge failure but it did prove some of the dangers to come with hard liquors and it also made the government put laws in place to insure that Americans would drink in moderation. These are things like no drinking and driving, also there is a limit on how much alcohol you can have in you, and certain places are dry (no alcohol). Also, because the movement did not completely dry America as a whole the alcohol industry has boomed. If you watch TV, liquor commercials are everywhere and Prohibition in itself may have had something to do with the escalation of media display of alcoholic beverages.
Before this period there was no such thing as organized crime, but ever since then, it has existed. This journey of the country through the ban of alcohol actually led to more people drinking alcohol. Another short-term effect of the revoking of Prohibition was the increased revenue gained as a result of taxation on alcoholic beverages. Although the barring of alcohol was arguably a good idea, failed enforcement and little long-term, after the 18th Amendment’s ratification, support made Prohibition a detriment to the US economy and the country in
Prohibition did not achieve its goals. Instead, it added to the problems it was intended to solve and supplanted other ways of addressing problems. The only successors of Prohibition were bootleggers, crime bosses, and the forces of big government. The Prohibition of alcohol was probably the most senseless Amendment in the history of the United States of America. Everyday people were forced to change their penchants of drinking alcoholic beverages.
It was more like who didn’t prohibition effect? America was split between those who cared for the cause, and those who were persistently pursuing a repeal of the amendment. The government as a whole was pro-prohibition, of course, since they, along with some persuasion from groups such as the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, ratified the amendment in the first place (Lerner 171). Despite this, not all government officials were for the cause, and turned a blind eye to the making of selling of alcohol; that or they themselves would become bootleggers. A new form of gangsters, bootleggers’ felonies of selling alcohol became a very profitable business (Kyvig).
Overall, the Prohibition was an experimental and learning period of time for the United States of America. The government was convinced that it could possibly solve many of the societal problems in the U.S. This resulted in them passing the 18th Amendment and The Volstead Act, prohibiting the manufacture, sale, and distribution of liquor. Due to this, gangsters and mobsters ruled the Alcohol Industry. When citizens and government realized this Prohibition was not having the positive benefits they expected, the 21st Amendment was passed, repealing the prohibition and returning America’s favorite pass time to them.
This was not only the first major women’s movement in history (Cayton 2139), but also one of the largest nonviolent movements of the modern world (Behr 35-36). Other than World War I, prohibition was the biggest issue in the country. As prohibition approached, people stored their liquor in large quantities in warehouses or banks. Judge John Knox of New York put an end to this by decreeing that any alcohol stored outside of one’s home was unlawful and therefore subject to seizure (Blocker 21-24). Few things could have caused such a panic as this did.
Not only does it cause excess, but it also causes a division between the agreers and the disagreers, along with tension and rebellion between people throughout the nation. Prohibition created an entire bootlegging industry and was pulling men into the business because of its great benefits. With something like this going on it’s hard for people to recognize the boundaries between what’s right and wrong, and that goes for the buyers and sellers of illegal alcohol. Even though many were morally against alcohol, they were also against the idea of the government banning it. It was an idea throughout the nation that the government should not decide personal or public affairs.
This law was created in the hope of achieving the reduction of alcohol consumption, which in turn would reduce: crime, poverty, death rates, and improve both the economy, and the quality of life for all Americans. These goals were far from achieved. The prohibition amendment of the 1920's was ineffective because it was unenforceable. Instead, it caused various social problems such as: the explosive growth of organized crime, increased liquor consumption, massive murder rates and corruption among city officials. Prohibition also hurt the economy because the government wasn’t collecting taxes on the multi-billion dollar a year industry.