Primate Culture Study

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Do non-human primates have culture? Discuss several studies of non-human primate behaviour and the evidence for the development of culture, or "proto-culture" among non-human primates. You may want to consider such aspects of their behaviour as reproductive strategies, aggression and conflict, or language capabilities and development, among others. How does the behavioural ecology of nonhuman primates inform us of the behaviour of our earliest ancestors? Human advancement, otherwise called hominization, is the transformative procedure that prompted the development of anatomically modern humans, starting with the developmental history of primates – specifically variety Homo – and prompting the rise of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the considerable gorillas. This evolutionary procedure was characterized by numerous physical as well as mental adaptations. The most significant of these adaptations were expanded brain size, bipedalism stretched ontogeny (gestation and infancy), and diminished sexual dimorphism. In contrast to these adaptations, behavioural nature of the homo sapiens remained largely in lines with that of their ancestors. For instance, the basic tendency to form groups is one of the examples that can be directly related to similar behaviours in their non-human cousins. Although, this particular behaviour may also be credited to our ancestral lifestyles of hunting/gathering in groups, not all similarities in the socio-cultural behaviours of human and non-human primates can be linked to heritage or to genetics as many of them are region specific rather than species specific cultures. (Nigel Barber, 2015) Many striking studies demonstrate some of the building blocks of social cu... ... middle of paper ... ...alef, B. G. (1992). The question of animal culture. Human Nature, 3(1), 57-58. Kummer, H. (1971). Primate societies: group techniques of ecological adaptation. Chicago: Aldine- Atherton. McGrew, W. C. (1992). Chimpanzee material culture: implications for human evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sapolsky, R. (2006). Social Cultures among Nonhuman Primates. Current Anthropology, 47(4), 641-656. doi:10.1086/504162 Sapolsky, R. M. (2006). Culture in Animals: The Case of a Non-Human Primate Culture of Low Aggression and High Affiliation. Social Forces, 85(1), 217-233. doi:10.1353/sof.2006.0142 Sutton, B. (2009). The Baboon Troop that Mellowed Out After the Alpha Males Died. Retrieved November 05, 2017, from http://bobsutton.typepad.com/.m/my_weblog/2009/11/the-baboon-troop-that-mellowed-out-after-the-alpha-males-died-the-sapolsky-and-share-study.html?p=2

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