08 Jan. 2014. Donohue, Nathan. "Understanding the Decision to Drop the Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki." CSIS.org. CSIS Center for Strategic and International Studies, 10 Aug. 2012.
This made the decision to drop the atom bomb on Hiroshima all the more important. Not only would those who ordered the bombing be responsible for the destruction, but the entire country would also be responsible for the actions of its leaders. The road that led to the bombing of Hiroshima was a long and covert one. In fact, the research and development of the atomic bomb was so secretive that when Vice President Harry S. Truman entered the Presidency following the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, he had no knowledge of it. Yet he would be the central figure in making the decision to use the bomb.
Japanese leaders appeared determined to fight to their deaths. In the spring of 1945 as the bomb neared completion, Leo Szilard, the main creator of the bomb, was becoming a worried man. Although America felt no pressure from Germany because we knew they were not far enough along in their research to build an atomic bomb before the war ended, “Szilard now began of think about the effect that the use of the bomb might have on international relations” (Isserman, 168). He tried to set up a meeting with Roosevelt to discuss his concern, but the President died before Szilard had a chance to go meet with him. Now, with a new President, Harry Truman, the pressure to use the bomb was too great to be denied.
Leo Szilard, a Hungarian scientist, first wrote a letter to President Roosevelt signed by Albert Einstein that stated the U.S. needed to create an atomic bomb. This came about when Szilard realized the danger that would arise if Germany made the first atomic bomb (Long). Einstein was the one who warned the U.S. that Germany had been conducting research into nuclear weapons and didn't want the Nazis to build one first. The first successful test had been conducted in New Mexico on July 16,1945 with a plutonium bomb, by which time Germany had already been defeated (A&E). The next step was to go after Japan.
(Wilkie) People know that despite efforts to keep control on the old Soviet stockpile and waste, terrorists are getting the plutonium and uranium needed to make nuclear weapons to kill masses of people. This is kind of the history of the nuclear & atomic bomb: (all from Williams) The first atomic bomb was thought up by Albert Einstein in the late 30's. In 1942 Enrico Fermi brought about first nuclear reaction with isotope Uranium 235. From this the Manhattan Project was brought about and took place in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Then July 16, 1945 near Alamogordo, New Mexico world's first atomic bomb was set off.
Race for Nuclear Arms and Power Harry Truman (1884-1972) was the most influential person in the race for the super bomb. As President Roosevelt’s Vice President, he knew nothing about the development of the atomic bomb. But within months of assuming the office of President of the United States on April 12, 1945, he became the first and only American leader to authorize the use of atomic weapons against an enemy target. Truman’s era only marked the beginning of the race for nuclear weapons. The development of nuclear weapons is still an issue today, decades after Truman left office.
"The Manhattan Project - A Millennial Transformation." Remembering the Manhattan Project: Perspectives on the Making of the Atomic Bomb and Its Legacy. New Jersey: World Scientific, 2004. 15-38. Print.
Gar Alperovitz, The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb and the Architecture of an American Myth (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995) 33 5. Harry S. Truman, Memoirs Volume One: Year of Decisions (Garden City: Doubleday and Company, 1955) 10 6.Alonzo L. Hamby, “Truman and the Bomb,” History Today 45 (1995): 20 7. Robert James Maddox, “The Biggest Decision: Why We Ha to Drop the Atomic Bomb,” American Heritage 46 (1995): 70 8. Truman, 419 9. Allen, 293 10 Hamby, 25 11.