The term classical generally refers to something that has a wide and long lasting appeal. In music, it indicates the music written from about 1750 to 1825. Balance and order were two of the most important qualities of the music of this period. Simplicity, diversity and elegance prevailed in contrast to what was seen as the excessive, complex characteristics of Baroque music. The seeds of the Classical age were sown by a number of composers whose names are now, for the most part, forgotten.
The idea of simpler music would appeal to a broader audience, thus making the classical era more popular. The change was not sudden; rather, the Rococo style was like a transition period. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was an important character in the changing of styles. The Rococo style was known as an expressive or sensitive style. Baroque music usually remained in the same mood throughout a piece, whereas this new style would sometimes change moods abruptly with highly contrasting ideas.
The baroque period was known for its “unity of mood” and lasted from 1600 to 1750. The classical period was known as the “age of enlightenment” and lasted from 1750 to 1820. Music in the baroque period was composed to order for specific events and important dates while music in the classical period was created for freelance musicians. Rhythm between both periods differs greatly, in the baroque period the rhythm was steady, regular, and constant, while in the classical period the rhythm provided variety and contrast with its unexpected pauses and frequent changes between notes. Dynamics between both periods are vastly different as well, during the baroque period the dynamics would change suddenly rather than gradually and during the classical period they could change either gradually or suddenly.
Melody: Musical Line. Melody is the element of music that appeals most directly to the listener. It is a succession of single pitches that we perceive as a recognizable whole. Melody can go up and down. Between these ups and downs we find the range.
This is directly contradicted to polyphony, in which each voice may move individually. Homophony is not to be confused with monophony, in which all the voices and accompanying instruments are performing exactly the same notes, in homophony there is a distinct melody with accompanying harmony, but all move in the same rhythmic pattern. In historical context, homophony appeared as the nuove musiche (new music) style in the Baroque period (1600-1750), and it characterized by a melodic line supported by a vertically conceived harmonic
Mahler assigns different combinations of instruments to play simultaneously either the identical music (for example in mm. 58-61, the flutes and the violins) or the same rhythmic motif but with different notes. In mm. 54-56 Mahler's purpose to create not only a harmonic and rhythmic but also a timbral complexity is once again observed. A very quiet, almost "masked" dissonance is created which is again brief but so often evident.
The turn of the twenty-first century sparked a new era in music and even if you could call yourself a music critic, judging music from the baroque age, classical age and the modern age can almost guarantee you a spot in music knowledge above the novice. The tiny details such as rhythm and tempo can be mistaken as the same thing. As well as dynamics, tone color, melody, texture, harmony and their musical form. As a modern person as we are so good at, we have drifted away from these traits and fail to understand that these scientific words of music are actually the basics and necessity of all musical pieces. These things give us the taste of home, but yet it contrasts so far.
Each piece is slightly different from the last, and they are all eloquent and beautiful. The first piece, “Kyrie” utilized mostly homophony. It was sung at the speed of andante. During the piece, I could heard points of chromaticism that were used to heighten expression in the piece. The second piece of the “Little Organ Mass” is “Gloria.” It is a very short portion that uses polyphony and homophony.
The music of the new Period was light and clear, and it was not alone. As it always does, the architecture changes with the culture and the Classical feel was visible through it. Obviously, the Classical Period expressed itself in many different ways, through the composers who defined it, the music they created, and the architecture aspects during this time that was influenced by the culture. With the new Period, came new techniques and tastes. Classical music was much different than it’s predecessor, Baroque music.
The society expects teachers to engage learners. As such, there is a need to use classical music to aid in learning due to the ability of this art to increase concentration. According to the author, research shows that music is an effective tool for destroying barriers in the learning process when adequately employed as a background enhancer. The study uses the quantitative data to support the idea that the classical music increases concentration in a studying