Physical and Motor Development in Preschool Children

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"Children grow faster during the first 3 years, especially during the first few months, than they ever will again. By 5 months, the average baby boy's birth weight has doubled to 16 pounds and, by year 1, has nearly tripled to 23 pounds. The rapid growth rate tapers off during the 2nd and 3rd years. A boy typically gains about 5 pounds by his second birthday and 3 and 1/2 pounds by his third, when he tips the scales at 31 and 1/2 pounds. A boy's height typically increases by 10 inches during the 1st year (making the average 1-year-old boy nearly 30 inches tall) by almost 5 inches during the 2nd year(so that the average 2-year-old boy is approaching 3 feet tall), and by a little more than 3 inches during the 3rd year to top 37 inches. Girls follow a similar pattern but are slightly smaller."( Kuczmarski) as cited in (Papalia, Olds, Feldman, 2008, p.145) Children need to be closely monitored to see if they are growing at an adequate and healthy pace.

Toddlers are now able to explore their environment freely. They don't need to be picked up to look around now, and can walk to many places. Toddlers think for themselves and are conveying these thought in many ways (mostly through talking.) Toddlers should be observed when in a preschool environment because For one, we can learn how to teach them according to their interests and preferences. Most physical disabilities become more apparent during this time, so observing children for common characteristics is important. We can also observe them and find their levels of cognitive and social development. By knowing these levels we are able to develop daily schedules that can work on the weak points in each individuals life. If a child really needs help with their fine motor skills an...

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Works Cited

Forman, G., & Hall, E. (2001). Wondering With Children: The Importance of Observation in Early Education: Five Reasons to Observe Children. ECRP: Early Childhood Research & Practice. Retrieved May 20, 2010, from

(2010). Parent-Teacher Communication. University of Illinois Extension: Helping Children Succeed in School. Retrieved May 20, 2010, from

(2010, February 08). Play Activities to Encourage Motor Development in Child Care. Extension: More Mind Reach. Retrieved May 20, 2010, from

Papalia, D. E., Olds, S. W., & Feldman, R. D. (2008). A Child's World: Infancy through Adolescence. (11th ed.). Asheville, NC: McGraw-Hill Primis.
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