Phychosocial Theory Of Erikson's Eight Stages Of Development

explanatory Essay
1524 words
1524 words

Erik Erikson was a German Psychoanalyst that developed a psychosocial theory composing of eight stages of development. These eight stages span from birth to death and attempt to describe how external factors influence personality development. I seek to learn more about Erikson’s psychosocial theory by reflecting on an individual person’s account of their memories from childhood into their present life stage and out to their goals and vision for their future self. I interviewed Lynda, a 56 year old-widow, she is a nurse in an emergency department, and is a native of the Hawaiian island of Kauai. “I was born into a loving family. My mother and father were in their early twenties when I was born. My parents, they weren’t wealthy but they gave …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains erikson's fourth stage of psychosocial theory, industry versus inferiority, which spans the ages of six to eleven years of age.
  • Explains that identity versus role confusion is the fifth stage of the theory of psychosocial development.
  • Explains erik erikson's psychosocial theory, which describes how external factors influence personality development. they interview lynda, a nurse from kauai.
  • Explains erikson's sixth stage of psychosocial development, intimacy versus isolation, which spans young adulthood from nineteen to forty years of age.

A positive outcome in this stage will relate to the development of greater self-control. During our interview Lynda explained to me “I don’t remember a lot of my childhood in Hawaii, but my mother she kept photographs and passed them on to me. There are these old photos of us picking out fresh fruits and vegetables from the farms, we had plentiful baskets. Then we would go back home and help our mother make our dinner.” Children in this stage seek independence thus, gaining a sense of control is important for this age group. According to Erikson’s theory, successful toilet training and freedom in tasks such as picking out clothes, toys, and food will lead to a positive outcome in this stage of …show more content…

Lynda remembered her adolescent years as a time of many changes, “high school was a roller coaster, and I think it is for every teenager. I had so many different clothing and hair styles; even friends moved on frequently, you realize you’re not into the same things.” Peer relationships plays a very important role in this stage of development as the adolescent tries to answer the question “Who am I?” The adolescent is making a search for identity, they are experimenting and they begin to realize things about themselves that help them form an idea of who they are and what they want in life. According to Erikson, healthy resolution of the earlier conflicts now serves as a foundation in the teenager’s search for an identity. A strong sense of self-control and feeling of independence is the result of a positive resolution of this stage. Unsuccessful resolution of this life stage will lead to what Erikson called role confusion; these individuals will lack a feeling of self, they may drift from job to job and jump from one relationship to another, not knowing what they really want in

Get Access