The majority of animals in laboratories are used for genetic manipulation, surgical intervention or injection of foreign substances. Researchers produce solutions from these animal "models" and are adapting them to human conditions. Unfortunately, these animal "models" can't always be connected with the human body thus creating problems. Many times, researchers induce strokes on animals in order to test certain methods for curing. The downfall of this procedure is that a healthy animal that experiences a sudden stroke does not undergo the slowly progressive arterial damage that usually plays a crucial role in human strokes.
Against Animal Experimentation Imagine having a headache and not having aspirin to take, or being diabetic and not being able to take certain types of insulin (Williams 3). It seems impossible that these drugs could be unavailable to humans, but they would not be attainable had scientists not tested these drugs on non-animal subjects. Contrary to what many people believe, testing drugs on animals often give defective results. “More than 205,000 new drugs are marketed worldwide every year, most undergo the most archaic and unreliable testing methods still in use: animal studies” (PETA 1). Although animals may seem the like ideal specimens for testing new drugs, the experiments are untrustworthy and can cause unknown side effects.
Drugs that pass testing on animals may not be safe for humans. Animals are very different than we are, therefore we cannot rely on using them as subjects for the testing of drugs which would be administered to humans. And testing in animals does not accurately predict results in humans. "94% of drugs that pass animal tests fail in human clinical trials. According to neurologist Aysha Akhtar, MD, MPH, over 100 stroke drugs that were effective when tested on animals have failed in humans, and over 85 HIV vaccines failed in humans after working well in non-human primates."
Experimentation upon animals may have led to treatments for multiple diseases, but “94% of drugs that pass animal tests fail in human clinical trials” (“Animal Testing”). These tests do not provide scientists with information that can be trusted and are impractical to conduct for human
Now in days animal testing is essential in the medical field, it is required to test any type of medicine or procedure on animals before using it on humans. However due to the dependability scientist have and the poor regulations on animal testing , many institutions are looking forward to invest in creating and developing new technology that can minimise the use of animals. But even though technology has been improved it is impossible to completely replace animal testing . In the past animals where used to analyse different patterns and understand basic functions of the body as same as scientist do in actuality. The difference between the animal testing in the past and actuality, is that in the past scientists employed more painfull methods due to the lack of use of anesthesia.
Scientist use all types of animals, but the most common are rats, mice, birds, reptiles and amphibians (ASPCA). Animal testing can result in an injury and or death to the animal that is being tested on. Scientist should find healthy and safe alternatives to figuring out information they need, rather than using helpless animals. Animal testing has been around for a long time and it has just recently sparked controversy in the scientific community. Some scientist feel that they could find healthy alternatives, while others feel that they have the right to use animals in their experiments, and that the animals are inferior to humans; therefore, have no rights ("Controversy of Animal Testing - About Animal Testing (UK)").
Many people including the general public, scientists and government officials do not necessarily agree to the terms and conditions to which these animals are used for testing The optimistic viewpoints for animal testing are that it assists researchers in finding drugs and treatments to advance health and medicine. It is a legal requirement in most countries for drugs and vaccines to be tested in animals to ensure safety. The world would be a different place if animal research for medical purposes were done away with hundreds of years ago. Today many medical treatments have been made possible by animal testing, including cancer and HIV drugs, insulin, antibiotics, vaccines, etc. Animal testing and research is considered very important for improving human health; in fact, the scientific community and some of the general public support animal research.
Animals are used to test new medical treatments to see if they will be effective on humans. Animal experimentation has been very helpful in the medical field; it has been used to discover antibiotics, vaccines, blood transfusions, insulin, and anesthetics. Animals are a very vital part of medical research; without them is would be very difficult to discover new treatments (Franklin). Animals are also used to test new cosmetic products before they are used on humans. The last way animals are used for is genetic experiments to help scientist figure out how different genes work (“Animal Research”).
“The tests would not cooperate with the human body as it does with the animal tested upon. A good number of scientists both agree that methodology is invalid and counterproductive from the biomedical research today. There are only two ways to deal with human health problems. And that is, is to practice prevention and elimination of environmental toxins.” (Burgos) This fact stated shows that not everyone believes that animal testing is not appropriate in a... ... middle of paper ... ...rogress for medical research. They have failed to show any progress with cancer research, and had been proven that more than half, 51.5%, of their research has been harmful to the human body (Hurley).
Animals are tested on for many cosmetic and medical products, but the treatment of the animals and the quality of the test results are often less satisfactory than the consumer realizes. Every person has most likely purchased either a pharmaceutical or cosmetic product in his or her lives, but the careless techniques for making these products may astound individuals that rely on drugs for everyday use. According to the Food and Drug Administration, “every year about fifteen -hundred” drugs are created, but “twelve-hundred” are deemed unusable for people. Regardless of such a high number or drug rejections, about “one-million Americans are hospitalized from flaws in drugs” (“Animal Experimentation,” 2009). Most of these drugs were tested on animals before being approved for human use, which proves that animal testing is not a successful method of experimentation.