Also, many women decide not to have the baby because they are single and don’t want to raise the child alone. (Robert H. Lauer) Although abortion has been legal in the United states recently, it was not legal in many states until 1973. (Thomson Reuters) In 1973, the supreme court passed a law called “Roe v. Wade case”. The law was passed to, “allow abortion on demand in the first trimester of a pregnancy.” (Robert H. lauer) The law has been under scrutiny by opponents of
Abortion Abortion is a subject that rises controversy throughout the United States. Pro-life groups protest the practice in peaceful and others in violent acts. Pro-choice groups feel that it is the woman’s choice to decide if abortion is right for her, and religious groups feel that abortion is murder of the fetus and against God’s will. The word abortion by definition, the deliberate termination of a human fetus during pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Abortion is an extremely controversial issue because while some people are completely against it, others believe that a woman should have the right to make her own choice.
They considered an unmarried pregnant woman not marriageable material so abortion was one way to hide that fact that woman were pregnant at one time. To further hide the fact that the woman was pregnant, abortion was done illegally and as a result numerous deaths occurred due to that fact. Abortions kept increasing to a point that 30 percent of pregnant women were choosing an abortion by the 1970s (Johnston). As the topic grew on the minds of people two opposite groups emerged defining the abortion debate, pro-life and pro-choice. Pro-life activists march on the idea that abortion is murder, since they consider the fetus to be alive.
Roe was a pregnant single woman, who challenged the constitutionality of the Texas abortion laws. These laws made crimes out of obtaining or attempting an abortion except on medical advice to save the life of the mother. The court held that a woman’s right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy protected by the 14th amendment. The decision gave ... ... middle of paper ... ... to cure life threatening diseases and illnesses for many other individuals. When it comes right down to it, abortion is an important option for all mothers to have the ability to exercise at their own will.
The American Medical Association stated that abortions were wrong and unsafe which made the National Abortion Federation make abortion into a “physicians- only” practice because they could be performed legally in order to save a women’s life. (National Abortion Federation NAF) It wasn’t until 1973 that abortions were made legal in the United States due to the “Supreme Court’s decision in Roe vs. Wade ruling that Americans’ right to privacy included the right of a woman to decide whether to have children, and the right of a woman and her doctor to make that decision without state interference” (NAF). In 1965, almost 300 deaths occurred due to illegal abortions, and of all pregnancy-related complications in New York and California, 20% were due to abortions. “If the US Supreme Court found constitutional grounds to extend the birth control cases’ logic that women’s bodies belonged to the women themselves, the concept of choice would become a core value in constitutional law.” (Hull & Hoffer
While “pro-choice” supporters continually argue for a woman’s right to choose, to have authority over her own body, “pro-life” goes against this argument with the rights of the fetus. Abortion has been around for centuries. In the 1800’s, abortions in the U.S. became illegal. The lack of surgeries, procedures and medical education caused abortions to be very dangerous. As medical improvements were made, women still had to rely on back alley abortions which usually resulted in the harm of thousands of women, some even include death.
Still in today’s time, people argue and debate whether abortion should be legal or not. Abortion is a controversial issue which many people believe is evil because it is taking an innocent human life. Killing a child is unethical, and completely unfair to the fetus that is the victim. According to Margaret Sykes from her article “Rape Justifies Abortion,” “If a 14-year-old [rape victim]…can’t have an abortion without being dragged through the courts…and having people trying to stop her left and right, who can?” (Sykes 130) Sykes believed that the 14 year old girl who had been raped had every right to abort her child. She believed that abortion should be legal for rape victims no matter what stage of the pregnancy they were in.
For many years, the morality of abortion has been questioned by two perspectives: pro-choice and pro-life. While modern culture explains that abortion is a woman’s free choice if she does not want the unborn baby, the Catholic Church teaches the world that from the moment of conception there is a child with a soul within the womb, and to abort it would be to murder an innocent being. In the year March 1970, a woman dubbed Jane Roe took federal action against Texas abortion laws. These laws prevented Roe from terminating her pregnancy because abortions were only allowed in the scenario that the fetus was harming the life of the mother (Rosenbaum 63). Because Roe wasn’t in any way harmed by her pregnancy, she could not get an abortion.
This Supreme Court court case overturned all state laws in the United States restricting a woman’s access to abortion procedures during the first trimester of pregnancy, and during the second trimester in emergency cases. It seems that abortion should be legal because women should be free to choose what to do with their bodies and there are various circumstances where the procedure may be a good, but difficult choice, for a girl or woman. Abortion was illegal prior to 1973, except when the mother’s life was in danger, but that didn’t mean that the procedure was unavailable. It just meant that abortion was done in secret and was more dangerous and harmful to both the baby and the woman. If women wanted to have abortions they found illegal abortionists.
Should a woman get to choose whether she has to keep an unwanted pregnancy or get an abortion? This debate has gotten a lot of heat recently with the recent accusations of Planned Parenthood selling parts of fetuses after they’ve been aborted. One would think that a women’s right would be to make decisions about her own reproductive choices. Currently people are pursing that a fetus has rights before it is able to live on its own, and those rights outweigh the rights of the mother. Supporters of fetus’s rights over the mother are called pro-life.