Attachment theory has had some very powerful theorists that have come up with these ideologies. In 1969, John Bowlby was the first theorist to develop the attachment theory. It is a theory developed to explain the emotional ties that children had with their parents or caregivers. It was believed that a child’s attachment style with a caregiver was developed throughout childhood and influenced how an individual interacts with society. It also gave an indication on what their parenting styles might be like, although this was not always a concrete indication. Bowlby’s theory provided the basis on which Mary Ainsworth also worked on and developed. In the 1970’s Ainsworth developed and conducted the “strange situation” experiment, which proved to be very influential to the development of attachment theory. She identified four patterns of attachment referred to as secure attachment, avoidant attachment, ambivalent attachment and the more recently added disorganised attachment (Westen, Burton, & Kowalski, 2006, p. 501) The theory of attachment is very important as this is when children form and develop a secure and trusting bond in the first year of life to develop normal relationships in later life (Bowlby, 1988). In this assignment I am going to create three different scenarios and relate them to the three different attachment styles. These scenarios will demonstrate the varying characteristics displayed from each attachment style and the affects they might have in later life. I will also look at some of the critiques within the attachment theory.
The attachment theory in psychology originates with the work of John Bowlby. In the 1930’s he worked in a child guidance clinic in London as a psychiatrist, where he treated many emotional disturbed children. The children he treated, led him to consider the important of a child’s relationship with their mother
John Bowlby was a British psychologist, best known for his theory of attachment (1956). The attachment theory is based on the idea that children form a strong bond with a main caregiver from a very early age, emotionally, socially and through cognition. This helps to effectively support their growth and development over time. The theory looks at the key attachments that children form, such as with their main primary caregiver or another individual. According to Bowlby, children show preferences to certain adults in their environment from a very young age and he believed it is an important part of a child’s development (Pound, 2005). This means that children start forming attachments from birth and this continues as they grow and develop. Similarly,
John Bowlby (1907 – 1990) was a British psychologist most known for his work developing Attachment Theory. Bowlby initially graduated in 1928 at age 21 from Trinity College at Cambridge going on to gain various postgraduate degrees. It was not until 1946 that the beginnings of his theory were laid down when he joined the Tavistock Insititue, researching the effects on young children when separated from primary caregivers (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2016). Bowlby’s work was gradual with his theory slowly developed with three main papers published in 1958, 1960 and 1963 that outlined his Attachment Theory (Holmes, 1993).
John Bowlby, 1969 ‘Attachment and Loss’ in Johnson, J and De Souza, C (2nd Edition) Understanding Health and Social Care: In Introductory Reader, London, Sage/Milton Keynes, The Open University
The influence of Bowlby’s attachment theory is relevant when dealing with transitions because it has informed people and practitioners about the importance of attachment and the key worker system. Bowlby’s attachment theory evolved to ensure children are protected and for their survival to be increased. Bowlby believed that a child’s first attachment is built quite early on and is normally formed with the mother. This relationship between the mother and the baby is the template for relationships in the future. It provides the child with an internal working model. If the child’s first attachment doesn’t have a positive effect then this can result in the child finding it difficult to form other attachments with practitioners, family members and friends. If the first attachment is secure and strong the child will be able to build relationships with other people without having a problem. According to Bowlby the cognitive development of the child is affected when early attachment is formed because it provides a secure base for exploration. Although Bowlby’s theory has a lot of positive aspects other theorists have research that disagrees with his work. Schaffer & Emerson
I was asked to write a report on a topic that I thought I would learn from by Kirstie Egner. I chose to do it on John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment to enhance my knowledge and understanding of this subject area. This report is to be represented to the rest of my college group on 25th November 2016.
Bowlby's unique hypothesis, which concentrated on comprehension the nearby persevering securities in the middle of babies and their parental figures, highlighted two routes in which feeling is involved in connection. (Pietromonaco, Barrett, Amherst, 2006) According to him, if the attachment figure for the child's comfort, protection and explore the need for troubleshooting if insufficient and insecure attitude shows, children develop an internal working model will feel worthless and inadequate. According to these models Bowbly, for further consideration in close relationships, emotions and behavior
When having a key worker John Bowlby is a good theorist to use as a guideline to promote the child in development and to make the child feel more secure within the setting. The attachment theory is one of the main aspects within the child’s settling in process and their ability to interact and form positive relationships with others around them. Bowlby’s and Maslow’s theory are both used in childcare settings and in