Sickle Cell Disease is a condition where there is not enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. Another name for sickle cell disease is sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is inherited as a simple recessive condition. In normal red blood cells, the cells are usually flexible and round. However, in sickle cell disease the red cells become rigid and sticky.
Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder in which blood levels of glucose are abnormally high because the body doesn’t release or use insulin adequately. Diabetes Mellitus affects many organs of the body. It affects the blood vessels because Atherosclerotic plaque builds up and blocks large or medium-sized arteries in the heart, brain, and legs. The walls of small blood vessels are damaged so that the vessels do not transfer oxygen normally and may leak. This can lead to poor circulation and can hinder the healing of wounds, cause heart disease, stroke, gangrene of the feet and hands, and infections.
The body cannot get enough energy from tissue glucose so it starts to break down stored fat. With this people loose a lot of weight and they have fatigue. Your blood becomes acidic and respiration becomes abnormal. People usually die from diabetic coma until they figured out how to use insulin therapy. In both forms it could cause a kidney disease from high blood sugar levels; bad sight from blood vessels in eyes rupturing, less blood going to the limbs could make them have to cut them off.
Introduction Anemia is a condition of not having enough healthy erythrocytes (red blood cells) to deliver oxygen throughout the body tissues. As this disorder often goes undiagnosed, the exact number of people who have anemia is difficult to determine. However, according to Health & Wellness the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) estimates that about 3 million Americans have anemia; and some other resources estimate 4% of men and 8% of women have mild anemia. The prevalence of anemia is greater in women than men of age seventy-five or less than seventy-five. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that features a heme half containing iron.
The sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells. People with sickle cell have red blood cells that have mostly hemoglobin's, Sometimes these red blood cells become sickle-shaped or crescent shaped and have trouble going through small blood vessels. When sickle-shaped cells block small blood vessels, less blood can get to that part of the body. Tissue that does not get a normal blood flow eventually becomes damaged.This is what causes the problems of sickle cell disease.As to this day there is really no cure for sickle cell disease.Red blood cells take oxygen from the air we breathe into our lungs to all parts of the body. Oxygen is carried in red blood cells by a substance called hemoglobin(Hemoglobin – is the main substance of the red blood cell.
When the body builds up with fluids, it becomes congested. Many conditions can cause heart failure, and they are Coronary artery disease, Heart attack, Cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Systolic and Diastolic are the two types of Heart Failure. Systolic dysfunction occurs when the heart muscle doesn't contract with enough force, which means there is less oxygen-rich blood that is pumped throughout the body. Diastolic dysfunction is the heart contracts normally, but the ventricle does not relax properly, reducing the amount of blood that can enter the heart and raise the blood pressure in the lungs.
Therefore the heart can't properly fill with blood during the resting period between each beat. As a result of left-sided heart failure, right-sided heart failure may occurs because of increased fluid pressure transferred back through the lungs and ultimately damaged the heart's right side. (American Heart Association
This is when a large branch of the coronary artery is blocked by a blood clot which causes a severe shortage of oxygen to part of the heart muscle, which therefore dies. This causes sudden and severe pain and could be fatal unless treated immediately. · Heart failure – This is when the heart weakens and fails to pump efficiently due to a blockage of a main coronary artery. People with high levels of saturated fat and cholesterol in their diet tend to have high blood cholesterol levels. Saturated fats are typically animal fats that are solid at normal room temperature and include dairy products like milk and butter.
Definition: Anemia is a common condition that afflicts many people around the world. Anemia is a Greek word meaning ‘without blood’. The modern definition of Anemia is any condition characterized by an abnormal decrease in the body’s total red blood cell mass. It is also defined as a condition in which a person has fewer red blood cells than normal and feels very weak and tired. Anemia Causes: The causes of Anemia are all related to the Red Blood Cells (RBC).
Acute kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to filture waste products from your blood. Unfortunatley this leads to unbalanced levels of waste accumilated in the blood making this a very serious problem. This condition can be fatal and requires intensive treatment. Fortunately, however this may be reversible. Prerenal kidney failure occurs suddently when a reduction in blood flow to the kidneys causes loss of kidney function.