Interest groups have different techniques to become more powerful and influential. Political parties also have much influence over the government as much as interest groups do. There is much history with our political parties and our strategies to convince each other to choose the right side. The size and the resources make an interest group quite powerful. When the interest group is big, it gets more attention, more resources readily available to them, and the more people that will support them. This is very crucial because normally the bigger something is, the more powerful it is. If most of the public supports a specific aspect, then it will persuade the politicians or officials to support this aspect as well. You usually need more resources to get the message out to the public. If there are a bunch of resources, then it will be easier to advertise in things such as magazines, commercials, and newspapers. For example, the AARP is a massive interest group with loads of people supporting them and many resources readily available. Leadership is another crucial asset to make an interest group powerful. Normally a good leader comes up with amazing strategies. This will help when the interest group needs to get a message out and get the public to hear them out. The leader needs to be cunning and intellectual so that they will get the point across to politicians and elected officials in a quick and influential way. Cohesiveness is another main factor to a powerful interest group. It is essential for the group to work well together and motivate each other. The better a group works together, the stronger and bigger they will most likely become. If the group has a hard time working together, it is very difficult for them to agree on ide... ... middle of paper ... ...ed with antislavery Democrats and members of the radical antislavery Free Soil Party formed into the Republican party we know now. Southern Whigs didn’t exist as their own party. When the Civil War ended, the Democrats were able to heal, but were resentful toward the Republicans for defeating the south. The Republicans gained in the 1890s with farmers and they were in control of the economy from 1896 until about 1932. In the early 1900s, some Republicans split and went to the progressive party. Republicans held office until the Great Depression. Democrats then controlled until 1968, except Eisenhower during World War II. From then on, it has been pretty even between the two parties. The political parties went through a rough history, but came out strong and very influential. The interest groups remain very influential to the government and how the public votes.
By establishing this relationship, the interest groups are indirectly helping the executive agencies get their funds and the interest groups gains favorable regulations and contracts from these agencies in exchange. (429) Although some critics argue that interest groups can result to Corruption such as the case with Jack Abramoff (438), Demosclerosis that slows down government functions (439), and Inequality by tilting democracy to the wealthy and powerful since they are the ones who can afford lobbying services (440), I believe that Interest groups are good for democracy. We define democracy as a government in which the people rule and make decisions for themselves, and through interest groups the people are given the chance to be better represented and become actively involve in decision-making. Interest groups represent the people specially the minority, arguably expand the range of perspectives that government officials hear, facilitate a two-way communication between the people and the government by conveying citizen views to government officials and providing information about government activities to the people, encourage
In order to explain my understanding of how political parties and interest groups serve as channels for popular participation, and then compare and contrast the techniques they use to do so; I must first explain my understanding of each topic. What I gained from thoroughly reading our class text book is that an interest group is a collection of people who share a common interest or attitude and seek to influence government for specific ends. There are many types of interest groups from nongovernment organizations, economic, private, to public. I also learned that a political party is an organization that seeks political power by electing people to office so that its positions and philosophy become public policy. The main two are Democrats and Republicans. Both topics are a type of group with specific interests in mind which always involve the government and the people; however they use several different means and sometimes any means to gain popular participation. A few of the techniques to be compared and contrasted are interest
Interest groups have been a fundamental feature of political environments for numerous centuries. They are voluntary associations created to influence the policy and conduct of government (Watts, 2007). Interest groups aim to shape public opinion by electing and lobbying government members that favour their particular views and support their causes. Interest groups do so, by applying methods of advocacy and campaigning. Advocacy and campaigns are likely to be issue-based with the intention of positively or negatively influencing election cycles and public policy design and implementation (Thuynsma, 2012). Interest groups form to achieve results. They demand pressure on decision makers to run their country the way they believe it should be run,
Interest groups give what is called “soft money” to candidates; in return these candidates push the issues that the interest groups hold important. For instance, recently on 60 MINUTES they ran a special on the prescription drug companies and the government. It is shown that the United Sates pays double for medication what the rest of the world pays for the same thing. The reason this is occurring is due to the fact that these drug manufacturers are pumping hundreds of thousands of dollars in to these campaigns. Since 1999 certain legislators have received more then one and a half million dollars in campaign contributions from pharmaceutical companies. President Bush personally has received half a million dollars. (60Minutes, CBS News). It is quite amazing that if you look at the top 100 overall donators in 2002 that seven of them are the largest drug manufactors in the world, and the are all heavy republican supporters. On the same side to this is the insurance companies. They also give large contributions to politicians. In 2002, companies such as Blue Cross / Blue Shield, AFLAC, and Cigna, were all huge contributors to the Republican Party. Since the late 80’s republican have always been able to raise more soft money. In 2002 alone democrats raised 217 million dollars, while the republicans raised a whopping 442 million in soft money (opensecrets.
The framers of the U.S. constitution envisioned a balance on government power by granting citizens the right to participate and protest against government to change something or support it. This freedom that all Americans can enjoy to organize and express their view has given rise to the formation of numerous group of people with similar interest. An Interest group is a group of people that make policy related appeals to government to influence government policies and programs. Interest groups are sometimes referred to as “lobbies” (Interest Groups 245). Additionally, an Interest group allows citizens to participate in politics and raise their voices for policies that they care about all the time. Interest groups plays critical role in the democracy by representing the issues of citizens, educating them, and by allowing them to participate in American politics.
Political parties and interest groups are both important in the modern political system because they both have similar ideas and plans towards what is best for the country. However, I believe that political parties have a stronger influence than interest groups. Political parties not only win elections and govern the country, they also determine the future of the country with the help of the public. The parties guide Congress in "drafting legislation, proposing laws, and influence their decisions in voting" (Krutz & Waskiewicz et, al pg.328). Political parties are influenced by the opinions of people from all across the country. Political parties use popular sovereignty to help their own separate parties (Democrats, Republicans, Libertarians,
E.E. Schattschneider's argument in favor of interest groups, comes in his defined advantages of interest groups. Mainly that interest groups are "known, identifiable, and recognizable." This works to the interest groups advantages because it allows like-minded people to easily understand what the group stands for and join if they approve of the goals of the interest group. Notability can also be an advantage when lobbying Congress. Known groups may have more influential power to sway congressional votes. Schattschneider has commented on the exclusivity of interest groups being an advantage. Exclusivity can be a power tool to unite the members of an interest groups. It gives members a common identity that plays into the goals of the group.
Interest groups and political parties are a relevant part of any political society and develop attention for different types of things wanted within the government. In the United States of America there are many interest groups vying for power. Political parties and interest groups use one another for political gain inside the government. An interest group is defined as an organization that pressures elected officials to enact legislation favorable to its causes. Interest groups lobby, which is the process of influencing legislation or policy, in attempt to impact the government. With interest groups it is all a competition of who holds the most power within the government to create the most influence on politics.
Special interest groups and these groups are created to support many different types of causes an example one of these interest groups can be used to get money and be able to feed the less fortunate. Many interest groups are just created to get money and not for any cause. Many of these interest groups are created to meet the elite’s goal and be in control of a sufficient money provider and then they can receive large amounts of money. Elites always think on the long term unlike the masses that think on the short term. When you think the long term you have an immense probability to succeed on the other hand when a mass thinks short term it is not probable for them to succeed.
Supporters’ expression their views from street protest to planned action within the political system. Business, labor, and agriculture were the basic three groups before 1970. Since then, Historically the interest groups in the U.S have increased in number in the latest eras, the public interest groups grew in the 1960’s and 70’s. The interest-groups has become more complex. Agricultural groups have vanished because farms in the U.S have been diminishing. More groups are forming because of the government actions not because they demanding the government to take new responsibilities. Now, Public interest groups organized on new issues, such as the rights of the disabled, prevention of child abuse or domestic violence, and gay/lesbian rights. With Technology the interest groups have increase in the U.S, they help advancing new politics program and
Interest groups have been a significant component in our modern day society and the democratization process of America, which have been criticized and also praised on whether interest groups have benefitted America as a whole. Interest groups are simply defined as a group or organization of people who share similar goals and ideas to try to influence public policy by maintaining or changing the status quo and achieving what the certain interest group advocates and embodies in the political atmosphere. These interest groups present to the public and politics their fundamentals and support politicians who share the same interest and common goal as that certain interest group mostly by financial support. These interest groups also rally American
Interest groups and political parties are very important to a functioning democracy because they protect the people. An interest group is and organization who represent the common interest of their members by trying to influence governmental policies. Political parties are important because they perform a very important task in the our government. They political parties bring together people who are like minded to make a better America. Both interest groups and political parties are for people protection against the government. They protect the individual fight any authority figure who try to infringe on their rights as Americans.
Political parties accomplish their goals through campaign finance committees that raise money and donate it so that the candidates representing their party would win elections. Interest groups do not need campaign finance committees since the campaign finance committee serves as a way to purposely limit committees in to be involved in the election process. By purposely being limited from participation, campaign finance committees do not give away their bias if any exist for the part they are campaigning for. Interest groups do not need this cover up since it is already understood that they want their main person elected. The political party’s purpose is to win elections whereas the interest group’s purpose is to influence those policy makers to making policies that favor them. The political party’s internal politics can have disagreement among certain issues without compromising their values. For examples, some young Republicans may not care whether there is same sex marriage whereas the older Republicans might care about this issue very much and disagreement occurs internally within the party, but this does not compromise its identity. This is not the case for interest groups however since interest groups form from some issue like the National Rifle Arms interest groups forms because of the issue of being able to
Therefore, Interest groups are arguably an integral part of American politics because they help set agendas and persuade politicians to react the way they want. An interesting fact about interest groups is that they articulate or represent ideas of what the people ‘want’ the government to do, even if interest groups are made from secular groups of individuals that represent specific causes. Furthermore, there are an enormous number of interest groups in the United States, and millions of Americans are members of one or more, at least to the extent of paying dues or attending an occasional meeting. This means interest groups can go to governments and claim that these people represent the views they stand for. When in reality, a large portion of these individuals join these factions to get special benefits or discounts. This begs the question on whether interest groups are actually an integral part of American politics because if an interest group is forcing legislators to draft legislation or encourage political parties to shape their platforms to represent the groups values while a large portion of the group does
Interest groups are often a controversial topic when it comes to American politics because like a coin, there are two sides to the argument. On one side, people feel that interest groups have too much influence than the people in the government. On the other side, people feel interest groups are an effective voice for the people. No matter which side you are on, interest groups are a big part of the U.S government. Interest groups are effective because it provides the people direct access to their government.