Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts
Businesses today often promote change to create a better more productive work environment. These changes occasionally produce unwanted results which were not expected or planned for. By monitoring organizational behavior unwanted or negative results can be minimized so change can be effective within an organization. Organizational behavior, organizational culture, diversity, communication, business ethics, and change management are all factors within an organization. Managers should clearly define these terms to create a more efficient and effective work environment.
Organizational Change "The effectiveness of organizational change is greatest when a firm’s strategy is consistent with environmental conditions and there is internal consistency." (D A Nadler, 2003:204) The only thing that is constant in this world is change and this is widely acknowledged by many in the world, may it be a corporation or a social forum or a governmental body. What comes in this world has to experience change in the light of environmental elements and pressures and influences, internal or external. The study of organizational behavior gives that environmental factors are the political, legal, economic, demographic, technological, social and societal. While these are the external environmental factors that are and cannot be counted among the controllable factors for an organization, they do in fact influence organizational structure, policies and strategies. In turn, the internal environment of the organization, that is very much controlled by the management of the organization and comprises of the top to bottom managerial levels, the staff, the employees, the board of directors, the owners etc. this internal environment, is to a great extent the result of external environmental factors, the change of which results in the direct impact on the internal environment of the organization. As such in lieu of external environmental factors; change agents with in the organization tend to accept the change in their external factors and tries to bring about a compatible change within the internal environment of the organization. The effectiveness of the change that is being brought about with in the organization as a result of the changing external environmental forces is best when, as described by Nadler, the internal facto...
If organizations are to thrive and be sustaining, they need to respond to the dynamics of their environment with change. However, change is not a singular event with an isolated focus (Spector, 2007). Effective strategic renewal is a combination of “the three faces of change”—turnaround, which targets costs; technology, which targets internal process; and behavioral, which targets employee actions and interactions (Spector, 2007). In a discussion on change management, particularly management-by-control versus management-by-shaping, Palmer, et al. (2009) draw a similar conclusion that “organizations and human systems are complex and evolving and therefore cannot be reduced to a single, linear objective of maximizing shareholder value” (p. 50).
Change in the organization structure poses a new external and internal environment that calls for measure in the organization on means of response to these threats. It calls for change of mission, strategy and ultimate goals not ignoring the need for changing the organizational culture. Change of mission and goals in organization changing its operations, it’s not an easy path to follow and it demands the engagement of all stakeholders including the suppliers, the customers, the community and government, as well as the managers and it entails striking a balance between all this stakeholders (Schein, 2004).
Business strategy and structure have always been related. Organizational change involves innovation, process improvement, and organizational redesign (Galbraith and Lawler, 1993). They also noted that the hierarchical structure is related to changes in speed, quality and productivity. In recent years, the pace of change has accelerated so drastically that most organizational structures and management principles have no hope of adjusting or adapting (Hammer and Champy, 1993). Today’s changes are discontinuous and happening at a geometric rate. Organizations must be sufficiently agile to be instantly reconfigurable to meet new demands (Tetenbaum, 1998).
A successful organization recognizes its need to adapt changes to survive global competition. Locally and around the globe, mergers and acquisitions are becoming more common between companies. Mergers occur when two or more companies combine their operations and participate as equal partners in order to achieve strategic and business objectives (Sudarsanam, 2003). Sudarsanam, S 2003, Creating Value from Mergers and Acquisitions The Challenges An Integrated and International Perspective, Harlow FT Prentice Hall. An acquisition occurs when a company takes over a smaller company and gets control to determine how combined operations will be managed (Shook & Roth, 2010). Shook, L V & Roth,
Organizations usually face change due to many forces surrounding the business. The forces can be from internal or external sources. External forces of change usually occur outside of the organization and it could have a global effect. There four external forces for change: demographic characteristics, technological advancements, market changes, and social and political pressures (Kreitner-Kinicki, 2003). The internal forces for change come from inside the organization. The forces come from human problems and managerial behaviors and decisions.
Stephen Robbins and A.J.B UBRIN think organisational behavior (OB) includes three interrelated influence and contact area of research: the behavior of the individual level, the group level and the organisational level behavior.
This report will research a variety of organisational behavior theories. The following report will start with comparing and contrasting different the organisational structure and culture within Siemens to another organisation. Other parts of the report will focus on individual behavior,organisational theory,motivational theories and the impact of team work on organisational performance.
Organisational Culture and Structure
Richard L.D considers that organisation was a clear goal, a well-designed structure and coordinating the activities of the system, social entities associated with the external environment.
Organizational behavior is important to many organizations because it helps management understand their employees’ attitude as well as behavior while they interact with one and other at the work place. There are several aspects of organizational behavior and attitude is one that can hinder and help job performance. In the past, organizations were defined almost exclusively by the products produced or the services provided. This has changed a great deal over the years. They are now defined by the way they provide their products and services. Attitude plays a major role in and outside of the workplace as it does in most aspects in everyday life.
One of the main courses of this semester was to learn various organizational behaviors that are conducted in real business environment. By learning this course, we could understand our future colleagues and ourselves better. Throughout the semester, every week Ashley Hughes gave us an interesting lecture about different topics of oranisational behaviors. Along with the weekly lectures we also had a group presentation that gave us the opportunity to apply the lessons and techniques learnt in our professional and personal lives.During the course of this semester, Organizational Behavior has highlighted numerous topics, which concentrated on investigating the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within an organization and how their behaviour affect the performance of the organizations for the purpose of applying such technique towards improving an individual’s or an organization's working effectiveness (Jontymagicman, 2012). In this reflection paper, I will discuss the essential areas of organizational behavior: the influence of motivation, managing change and individual learning at an organization.