Nicholas Garnham - The Cultural Industries

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Nicholas Garnham Nicholas Garnham worked in television before starting his academic career. He worked for the BBC, serving as film editor from 1961 to 1964 and then director and producer from 1964 to 1968. His credits as a freelance Director/Producer include Through the Eye of a Needle, Border Country, In Search of Paradise, and The British Museum. He also served as the Governor of the British Film Institute (BFI) from 1973 to 1977. Garnham teaching at the Polytechnic of Central London (now Westminster University), where he established his name as an expert in the political economy of communication and communication regulations. Today, he is Head of the Media Studies School of Communication and Director of the Centre for Communication and Information at Westminster University and a member of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy. Garnham published a version of this paper in Cultural Studies 1.1 (1987). In it, he introduces a neglected dimension of cultural formation within cultural studies, i.e., the constitution and the formation of cultural industries, the intensification of cultural distribution, and therefore access to audiences and what contribution cultural studies can offer to policy making. We do not often see this level of analysis studies of cultural consumption (p. 2). CONCEPTS OF CULTURE: PUBLIC POLICY AND THE CULTURAL INDUSTRIES 1. introduction In conceptualizing the cultural industries as central to any analysis of cultural activity and of public policy, we stand against a whole tradition of idealist cultural analysis. This tradition--Raymond Williams critiques it in Culture and Society (1958) and other works--has defined culture as a realm separate from, and actively opposed ... ... middle of paper ... ...of high culture by vulgar commercialism or as a suppression of authenticate working-class culture, but should be read as a complex hegemonic dialectic of liberation and control. What this analysis of the cultural market brings home to us is the need to take the question of scarcity and thus of the allocation of cultural resources seriously, together with the question of audiences: who they are, how they are formed, and how they can best be served. The only alternative to the market which we have constructed has tended to subsidize the existing tastes and habits of the better-off or to create a new form of public culture which has no popular audience. Works Cited Garnham, Nicholas. 1987. "Concepts of Culture: Public Policy and the Cultural Industries." In Studies in Culture: An Introductory Reader, ed. Ann Gray and Jim McGuigan. London: Arnold, 1997, pp. 54-61.

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