The government placed treaty upon treaty on the Native Americans and would not uphold to any of them. Some treaties were made to guarantee safety and permanent reserve for the Indians, but they were not followed through. In most cases the Indians were driven off the land by white settlers looking for gold or rich farmlands. The U. S. government broke some of the treaties by expanding through the promised lands looking for valuable minerals and making way for the expansion of the railways. The U.S. Government in seeking rights to control the land and its natural resources reverted to “legal” manipulation.
By 1835, most eastern tribes had unwillingly complied and moved west. The Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in 1836 to help out the resettled tribes. Most Cherokees rejected the settlement of 1835, which provided land in the Indian territory. It was not until 1838, after Jackson had left office, that the U.S. Army forced 15,000 Cherokees to leave Georgia. The hardships on the “trail of tears” were so great that over 4,000 Cherokees died on their heartbreaking westward journey.
The first issue that arose for the Americans, was where to put the existing Indians while they conquered their land. The United States felt that the Indians needed to be secluded from all other races so that they would become civilized. This Indian Territory was where eastern Indian tribes such as the Kickapoos, Delawares, and Shawnees lived. As the population of Americans increased in the western sector of the United States, they also invaded that land specially allotted for the Indians. Instead of moving the Americans out of the Indian Territory, the government minimized the size of Indian Territory by half.
It was the militaries assumption that the Indians would flee to the reservations and the few Indians who were encountered would be dealt with swiftly by a superior force. ... ... middle of paper ... ...“hostiles” from various tribes surrendered and the Black Hill’s were taken by the U.S. government with no compensation to any tribes. Indians would be forced on reservations once able to provide for themselves, now they were dependent on the government. Long term effects were a hatred of the Indians that was fueled by the government. Key to the victory by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse was brought about by a failure of the military.
Native Americans have been subjected to physical, psychological, and spiritual abuse. Today many Native American’s face issues with drug and alcohol dependence as well as poverty and violence. One explanation is offered through Historical or Intergenerational trauma (source) it could be understandable that a race of people that had been slaughtered, enslaved, forced to relocate from their homes, and forced to give up their religious beliefs, and only retaining 4% of their own land, would have lingering psychological damage on the Native American people.
As a result of the invasion Indians stopped hunting and many tribes became infuriated. Indian response classified them as either "treaty" Indians or "non-treaty" Indians. "Treaty" Indians were the ones that their chief agreed to comply with the "reservation" policy so they signed it and took it to its people. The "non- treaty" Indians were the ones who refused to sign the policy and as a result would go to war with the U.S Army. In order to protect the "treaty" Indians they created the Department of Interior which was responsible for keeping the national security.
After the American Revolution was over the Indians got more problems. Such as the forming of a general policy of getting rid of the unwanted inhabitants. Also there was a National policy made to move Indians west of the Mississippi River, which is said to be the most culturally problem of that era. Plus there was the problem of them found not to be guaranteed equal protection under the law and could not prevent whites from attacking their lands. These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land.
The Sioux, a tribe of Native Americans, have faced religious oppression for centuries, thus hindering their ability to achieve the American Dream. The American Dream should be accessible to all people, but this group of people continues to fight against religious discrimination every day of their lives. When the Englishmen started settling in America, the more harsh and frequent their oppression became. Indian tribes are separated from society by placing them in Indian Reserves to prevent the spreading of their religious beliefs. Judge John Marshall after careful consideration came to the conclusion that all tribes are separate nations, but our society continues to discriminate against their presence on the continent that was theirs first.
They were sent to live on reservations, and most died of white diseases or starvation. By the year 1890, all Indians were on reservations. The Blackhawk war, which happened over land disputes in Wisconsin and Illinois, also led to the death and relocation of numerous Indians. This disrespect towards the Indians was typical of the time period. &nb... ... middle of paper ... ...e and a white.
Chief Big Foot stressed peace among his people and was known for his political and diplomatic views. In 1870 Chief Big Foot, Sitting Bull and Chief Crazy Horse allied themselves against the United States Army. In 1876 they saw their first encounter with the U.S. army during the Sioux War which led them to surrender. The government placed the Indians on the Cheyenne River Reservati... ... middle of paper ... ...o be revoked because the actions of troops during this time did not stand for honor or bravery and they felt that they were not deserving of the awards. The government stood by their decision to honor the soldiers with the medals.