National Preparedness

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Presidential Policy Directive 8 revolves around national preparedness. It’s main goal is to strengthen “… the security and resilience of the United States through systematic preparation for the threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the Nation, including acts of terrorism, cyber attacks, pandemics, and catastrophic natural disasters…” (Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8: National Preparedness, 2011). It directs the government to plan out an integrated systematic security framework that will help in preventing, protecting, mitigating, responding to, and recovery from terrorist acts and other such things (i.e. hurricanes and tornados). Also, the directive requires the framework to be scalable, flexible and adaptable.
NIMS is the shortened name for the National Incident Management System. Its basis is to be a “…template for preparedness, planning and response to emergency incidents that is an all-hazard incident management system… (Maniscalco & Christen, 2011, pg. 20). In other words, it’s a guideline for emergency preparedness for any situation. The National Incident Management System doesn’t have any specific responsibilities besides being a standard unified command system. Nonetheless, NIMS does define the roles and responsibilities of the federal, state, and local first responders during an emergency.
NIMS: Federal, State, and local first responder roles and responsibilities defined by NIMS is a very broad subject though. Several of the roles and responsibilities bring out the legal attributes of NIMS. For example, NIMS governs the certification and credentialing of incident responders. When responding to an incident, the incident management system needs the best qualified personnel. The more knowledgeable...

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... able to be used by Federal, State, Local, Private, and non-governmental organizations with any type of emergency. The National Incident Management System is the result of this presidential directive; it creates a well-rounded baseline framework to be used by emergency responders. NRF takes NIMS one step farther; NRF implements a cycle in which there is constant training and improvement. Also, NIMS practices the ICS command system; the ICS command system helps prevent confusion with the chain-in-command. MACS is the support feature when an incident is in unified command. Having a multi-agency coordination system allows for all agencies to have a say in an incident; that way, when they help advise the Incident Commander, the Incident Commander can make an informed tactical decision. As can be seen, NIMS/NRF/MACS and PPD-8 all go hand in hand in incident management.
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