In order to do that they need a risk management program that will defend against threats against national interests (Department of Homeland Security, 2011). These risks against the homeland are external and internal; institutional; operational; and strategic and need to be managed by the Nation’s leadership to “build security, safety, and resilience across domains by connecting efforts to prevent terrorism and enhance security, secure and manage our borders, enforce and administer our immigration laws, safeguard and secure cyber space, ensure resilience to disasters, and provide essential support in assuring national and economic security” (U.S. DHS, 2011, p9). The DHS utilizes risk management programs and processes as well as a risk management formula to control risk and improve the decision making when it comes to reaching security goals (U.S. DHS,
Benefits of risk management to homeland security enterprise Application of risk management to Homeland Security Enterprise allowed for a systematic approach to decision making. It promoted the development of analysis which in turn promoted sound decision making especially for the key strategic plans for Homeland Security related initiatives. The various security related initiatives for Homeland Security included strategic planning, resources planning, capabilities-based planning, operational planning, exercise planning, R&D, and real world events (Stewart & Ellingwood, 2011). Risk management is a part of strategic planning. Strategic planning analyzed the risk which DHS would face in the long run and build risk management programs and capabilities by coming up with activities to prevent, protect, respond, and recover.
NIM standardizes event management. NIMS provides a uniform nationwide basis and way for federal, state, tribal, and local governments, along with the public to work on preparedness, recovery, response and mitigation no matter what causes an event. With all organizations using the same application, effective and efficient responses are possible. Organizations will be able to arrive on the scene and be ready to assist and understand exactly what each group is doing and why. Protocols are set and it is known what equipment and personnel are available.
The strategies of homeland security seek to combat the risks the nation faces and so by using risk management effective plans and decisions can be formed to address these risks (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2001, p.9). In order to carry out the many missions of homeland security, effective and reliable capabilities must be obtained to have the best results, risk management is used to identify these capabilities and also discover what is lacking in the realm of capability (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2001, p.9). Without resources it would not be possible to keep the nation safe and keep threats at bay, by using risk management to allocate the best resources and fund projects that have substantial returns homeland security professionals ensure that goals and missions can be accomplished (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2001,
Standard operating procedures, on the other hand, are the formal written guidelines for response to incidents. They are used by emergency responders for the coordination of incident responses across jurisdictions. Training and exercise programs are crucial in ensuring that responders can effectively communicate during emergencies. Training ensures that interoperability mechanisms are routinely used and when combined with exercise programs, agencies can arrive at workable interoperability solutions. Usage describes ... ... middle of paper ... ...ssesses the communication capabilities using the percent of communications sent and received that are comprehendible without ambiguities or at 90 percent ambiguity by the receiver or the sender.
1. How does Intelligence help the Joint Force Commander (JFC) and staff integrate, synchronize, and direct joint operations? (C500) Today’s modern warfare means synchronized participation and integration all individual Services. They, with different doctrines in the new environment, are part of the Joint Force Command which point the using best on each of them helps to get the synergy by achieves the goals in joint operations. The JFCs combine certain joint functions to be able to reach the objectives.
By participating in the NIMS, and adopting the ICS, state-level agencies will create a common communication and information management system, provide for efficient management of resources, and facilitate multi-agency coordination. II. Overview of NIMS and ICS. The NIMS is the product of a collaborative government effort to improve the nation’s collective responses to domestic incidents. According to FEMA (2004), the NIMS provides a standardized framework for incident management, “regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity” of the incident.
“By providing the necessary knowledge and skills, we seek to enable the whole community to contribute to and benefit from national preparedness.” (FEMA, 2015). Local communities recognize their risks and conclude on how they will handle the significant amount of risks. Local governments discover and address their greatest risks by finishing the Threat and Hazard
The NRF is based on several guiding principles. These are engaged partnership, tiered response, scalable operations, unity of effort/unified command, and readiness to act (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2013c, pp. 5-6). What makes the NRF unique is that it is intended to guide the entire national community’s response efforts. FEMA believes that the inclusion of the whole community is necessary to promote national preparedness.
This includes disaster recovery where related government agencies, voluntary & statutory bodies, private sector are responsible for damage and loss assessment and recovery and reconstruction; 2. The new revised MNSC 20 objectives now covers preparedness, response and recovery process as stated in APEC EPWG earlier. All agencies have to get involve in the process of prevention and reduction of disaster, preparedness for disaster and public awareness and education on disaster and disaster management; 3. Developing and maintaining Early warning system by respected government agency. According to HRA, early warning system should be designed to be people centered, well coordinated to all relevant agencies and implemented into governmental