Music piracy is the process of copying, or file sharing copyrighted materials illegally. Music theft hurts the artists that bring music to your ears due to the fact that they’re not receiving a decent amount of income because their songs are obviously getting stolen. A survey has identified that 70 percent of all 18 to 29 year olds have pirated music, TV shows, or movies. “Music has been compact and easy to reproduce since the days of sheet music. It is, moreover, intensely social: People want to share it with each other, whether by sending a YouTube URL in the 21st century, trading Grateful Dead tapes in the 20th, or copying sheet music for other singers in the church choir in the 19th” (Berlatsky).
Everyone who uses the Internet has heard of some way to swap MP3 files back and forth. A lot of people who don't even use the Internet have heard of Napster, Scour, Aimster, Gnutella, etc. Why is this? Napster has gained a lot of notoriety lately, but how could one computer program written by a teenager become so popular? This college dropout's program makes it very easy to listen to your favorite music for free, and this has the recording industry up in arms while many artists are pro-Napster.7 In the Audio Home Recording Act of 1992, the U.S. Government declared it legal to share music, and make recordings of it, as long as it is not used commercially or to make a profit.
Napster links music off of people's computers and permits other Napster users to recover them from whomever might be connected to the Internet at that time (Graham 1D). Napster has been nothing but a success in the eyes of many. USA Today author Jefferson Graham explains, "To its fans, Napster is the greatest radio station in the world, a place to pick up new music for nothing" (Graham 1D). Napster has taken the MP3 technology of compressing music files loaded on computers hard drives, and used it to its benefit. We can download MP3s in less than two minutes (Gibeaut 39).
First of all it’s successfully fighting against piracy, and turns former pirates into music consumers. Because there’s no reason why one would steal music when it can be easily “taken” for free in an absolutely legal way that benefits not only music consumers but artists too. And even though you can use Spotify for free more and more people are getting premium membership and paying the $9.99 monthly fee in return to get add free music streaming and the availability to listen to music offline. But some major labels are pushing Spotify towards limiting freemium membership, to convince more people to pay monthly fee, Ek refuses to do it, for obvious reasons – people will always find ways to get music for free, so if they won’t get it on Spotify they will find other places to do it and most likely in an illegal way. But still quite a few well known artist like Radiohead’s Thom Yorke, Taylor Swift, Johnny Marr and many others who are against Spotify, stating that it’s paying pennys for artist and that they are giving up their music for free, and staying with iTunes rather than Spotify.
Napster Napster is a music-sharing service that serves people with downloadable software for their computer and allows the download of almost any music from around the world. The Webster’s Universal and Thesaurus, says that the definition of music is: Music: harmony, melody, symphony. The basic idea of Napster is for anyone who wants to listen to music. However, the argument about Napster is that it is a directory service that allows users to transfer music files from music labels that have not signed a deal with Napster. The music industry feels they are losing money because there are devices known as CD-RW and this allows for the burning of homemade compact discs with songs that Napster provides.
Free downloads has affected this industry as well. The music industry has found many ways to let the fans listen to the music they love. Internet streaming radios like Pandora are having to pay artist for copyright reasons. The music industry had two significant changes in the 21st century: the physical albums have dropped but streaming music has increased, even though artist get little to nothing in return. How did the music industry started to get the music out to the people?
Have you ever download free music off the Internet? Statistics say that 59% of people that download free music from the Internet, end up buying the music. Recently, there was a lawsuit made by the Recording Industry Association of America towards Napster concerning copyright issues, which in return had Napster rethinking its principles. Then in July of this year, a federal court judge ordered Napster to halt the trading of copyrighted material, but the decision was stayed. Napster has responded by saying that it is supporting music by bringing together more than 6 million users a day, whom all support Napster .By downloading free music over the internet, people support artists by liking their music.
The fact that almost every song recorded today is accessible through a free program encourages most consumers to download rather than buy. This is why illegal file sharing programs are driving the music industry’s profits down. The making of MP3’s allows internet users to share and distribute songs quickly and easily. The letters MP are short for MPEG, which stands for Moving Picture Experts Group. The 3 stands for the third compression method that Dr. Karlkeinz Brandenburg, at the Frainhofer Institute, developed.
Users can search for any song and download any song that is on any computer that is log onto the network. This program is so simple that a 10 year old can uses it. The simplicity of the program made Napster a multimillion-user program within months of it’s beginning. Napster has also made some real powerful enemies by allowing users to trade music. The music industry survives mainly on the sales of CD’s.
You can listen to music and preview it for free. Some artists are actually for Napster like Chuck D. , Neil Young, and rock group Limp Bizkit, who headlined a free tour sponsored by Napster along with Cypress Hill. Napster is like a new radio. It's been said that people use Napster because they feel so (2) ripped off that compact disc prices are so high. They would rather just download the whole album online, then burn it on to a cd spending only three dollars for a burned cd instead of the seventeen dollars spent for buying the actual album.