Myocardial Infarction Essay

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Myocardial Infarction In Women
What is a Myocardial Infarction? Myocardial Infarction, also known as a heart attack, occurs when there is a blockage in one of the coronary arteries. The heart is a muscle that needs oxygenated blood and nutrients to survive. When a blockage occurs in the arteries, oxygen and nutrients are cut off from the heart for an extensive time. The blocked portion of tissue in heart dies. Blockages can occur due to several factors. Coronary artery disease is the most prevalent cause. Coronary artery disease or atherosclerosis is due to plaque buildup and narrowing in the artery walls. These plaques are made from cholesterol and waste products. This buildup on artery walls can restrict blood flow; a process that can take
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Blood clots can accumulate due to atherosclerosis plaque buildup. When plaque builds up and break off in the artery a blood clot can form. If the blood clot is large enough, it can particularly or completely block the artery. A blocked artery segment is what causes tissue death due to deprived oxygenated blood. If this problem is not treated right away, the portion of the heart fed by the artery will begin to die. Scar tissue will form on what was once health heart tissue. The heart damage may not be noticeable, or it may cause severe or long-lasting problems. (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) Another cause of heart attacks is due to a severe coronary artery spasm, this is this least common cause. Coronary artery spasms are brief temporary tightening or contraction of the muscles in the artery wall. Spasms can emerge in coronary arteries that aren 't affected by atherosclerosis. It 's not clear as to why these spasms arise but they are most likely due to: physical exertion, emotional stress or pain, exposure to extreme cold, cigarette smoking, cocaine…show more content…
When a heart attack strikes in men the symptoms can almost always been unmistakable. The most common and widely recognized symptoms are chest pain or pressure that feels like an "elephant sitting across the chest" (American heart association), and pain that radiates down the left arm. Women however may not experience these common symptoms. Women may experience chest pain or discomfort that feels like squeezing or fullness, pain can be felt anywhere in the chest not just on the left side.(Webmd) Other symptoms may include pain in the arms, back, neck or jaw; which can be gradual or sudden. Shortness of breath may occur with or without chest pain. Additional symptoms may include, cold sweats, nausea/vomiting, lightheadedness or fatigue .Women often disregard heart attack symptoms or mistake them for less severe conditions, such as acid reflux, normal aging or the flu. According to the American Heart Association heart disease is the number one killer of women and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute states that 1 in 4 women in the United States die from heart
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