Spain’s initial goals were to discover gold or other mineral wealth, explore the new world, spread Catholicism, and overall, continue Christopher Columbus’s goal of finding passage to the east.
Many of the colonists that first arrived here came looking for gold, but their efforts was enervated. However, they decided to stay and take advantage of the land’s resources. The town became the first farming community that provided food for the military and missionaries located in San Francisco and Monterey (Laffey, 1992). One of the oldest buildings that is still standing today is located in the heart of downtown San José. The Peralta Adobe historic site, surrounded by lively bars and lounges remains a remnant of this first Spanish Pueblo town in
There was no Christianity in the Americas before the Age of Exploration which began in 1492 with the arrival of Christopher Columbus. In 1493, Ferdinand and Isabella sent out a second expedition to Latin America. These Christian Missionaries arrived from the Kingdom of Spain and much of this work was in the form forced conversion and enslavement as the Spanish conquest developed. The Spanish soldiers carried weapons into battle with the Aztec, Maya, and Inca peoples. They came with a desire to impose Christianity and Spanish rule on the continent and a hope for the riches that were believed to be there. There was a systematic attempt to spread Christianity through a permanent missions and they did so by converting people as well as attempting the spread their culture and influence.
The Spaniards arrived at the Americas prior to the English. The Spanish mainly wanted to explore in the first place because after the Black Death, the population increased, and thus, so did the frequency of commerce. There was a sudden new interest in new products and the new strong monarchs who sponsored the journeys wanted to be more affluent. Therefore, explorers such as Christopher Columbus attempted to go west to target Asia. However, he ended up on Cuba and called the natives Indians. The Spanish soon started to consider the Americas less of a blockage and could now see it as a source of resources. In 1518, Cortes arrived into Mexico with his group of conquistadors, or conquerors, which is a proper name because the men after gold exterminated native areas using their military skills, brutality and greed to turn the Southern America into a vast Spanish empire. The smallpox the Spanish unknowingly carried also helped wipe many people out. When they saw the religious ceremonies of the Aztecs that produced many skulls, they thought of these people as savages and not entirely human. This of coarse was quite hypocritical because the Spanish have killed before during the Inquisition for their faith. It was this contempt that made them think it was all right to slaughter the natives. Spanish colonies were established when conquistadors had gotten a license to finance the expedition from the crown to fixture encomiendas. These encomiendas were basically Indian villages that became a source of labor. The Spanish dreamed of becoming wealthier from South America, but they also wanted a profitable agricultural economy and to spread their Catholic religion (the Pueblo Indians converted to Christianity), which became very important in the 1540s.
The mission of La Purisima is a important historical mission. Mission La Purisima was founded in 1787, this mission was the 11th mission to be founded in California,and the 4th mission in the land of the Chumash people. The Chumash and Spanish first were positive to each other, but the soldiers abused the Chumash. The Chumash led a revolt, and it was the
When the Spanish came to North America, they set out to build missions deep in what is now the South-West United States in order...
Few Californians know hardly anything or nothing about California’s founding father. Fourth graders go on a field trip to a mission to learn about missions and then return to their regular lives, never wondering about missions again. Few of those children return to visit a mission. There is a chance that a few know of California’s founding father and who he was. Father Junipero Serra is that founding father who is just as important as George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and several others. However he was a different founding father, a religious one who shaped California. Junipero Serra by Steven W. Hackel delves into Junipero Serra’s life and how he lived. Father Serra, a devoted Catholic, “devoted himself to the universalism of Catholicism, the suppression of individualism, and the renunciation of materialism.” (242)
"History of Pilsen and Little Village." San Jose Obrero Mission. Web. 24 Nov. 2011. .
Hackel speculates that “With each passing year Junipero Serra exerted less influence on the overall shape of the colony itself. In the final years of his life, above all else, the baptisms and the confirmations he could provide to California Indians gave his life direction and motivation” (142). Hackel aims, not to create a sort of idealistic image of Serra as a saint, but rather one which portrays him as a man who was dogmatic, with imperfections and faults, who categorized, captured and reflected the time and culture of “colonial enterprises”.
Additionally, this essay would be a good read for those interested in the topic of sexuality, gender and culture or anyone studying anthropology. This essay contributes to understanding aspects of California history that is not primarily discussed. The reader gets and insight on two different cultures, and the effects of them merging together -- in this case, the cultures of the Spaniards and Indians. I believe that this article supports Competing Visions as the text also discusses how “the object of the missions was to convert the natives to Christianity as well as to Hispanicize them…” and both touch upon the topic of the rapes of
San Francisco de los Tejas is another one of the first missions. It was the first mission built in East Texas. It was called Tejas because they had met Hasinai people along the Colorado River. The word Tejas means "friend". The Tejas mission was built after the Spanish found out about La Salle's fort. Tejas was built out of logs, unlike many of the missions. This was probably so because it was built in the Piney Woods or Post Oak Belt subregion. Trees in these subregions are plentiful. Tejas had been intended for the Caddo tribe. The Caddo were the most advanced tribe and didn't need the food, protection, or shelter the priests offered. Without the Caddo's support the mission was failing greatly. The Spanish government decided to stop funding money for the mission. Before the priests went back to Mexico, they buried the bell and hoped to return one day.
Santa Catalina Island, often known as Catalina Island, is located off the coast of Southern California, southwest of Los Angeles. Catalina Island forms part of the Channel Islands archipelago. Catalina is the only island, out of eight, that has been significantly developed. There are two major settlement location within the island - the city of Avalon and the unincorporated town of Two Harbors (“Visit Catalina Island,” 2014). Beyond the town boundaries the island is covered by wild life that it is owned and operated by the Catalina Island Conservancy ("The Official Catalina Island Website,” 2013).
Father Jose Real took charge of Mission San Carlos in 1833. In
August of 1833 the Mission was Secularized. Instead of letting the
new converts purchase the land, most of it went to wealthy Spanish
and Mexican landowners. By 1834 Mission records show that only
165 new converts still lived there. What was left
dedicated to St. Nicholas in the 9th century. The additions done by Pope Nicholas I