In a persons typical aging process, they will encounter many different changes in their lives. Some changes might result to be better than others, however not everyone will have the same effects. Authors of Gerontology: for the healthcare professional, Robnett and Chop state, “We need to consider whether the negative physical and cognitive changes that occur in older people result from the aging process or from the accumulation of poor lifestyle choices”. (Robnett & Chop, 104). For some, the aging process involves cognitive changes in which disorders such as Dementia and Alzheimer’s can present themselves early on. The proposal for this essay is to look at those two diseases, but to first understand what cognition is and what it means in reference One example can be as a little as, “recalling a familiar person’s name or a particular word during conversation it commonly becomes harder for adults after age 70”. (Howieson, Ph.D., 2016). A popular misconception is that aging will decline the aging’s cognitive abilities in every aspect, from being able to memorize things and all the way down to one’s ability to reason and solve problems. However, that is not always the case as of now there is no clear evidence by researchers that aging causes someone’s cognitive skills to decline. Although, there are different disorders and or diseases that can develop, but to also keep in mind that not every single aging adult will encounter them. One disease that can appear might be Dementia. Dementia Dementia is categorized as being a disorder and or disease, that can turn into Alzheimer’s Disease. Although, according to the Alzheimer’s Association it is “a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life”. (Alzheimer's Association, 2016). They also mention that it is caused by damage to the brain cells, which then in turn essentially affects how these cells communicate with one another. More women than men are at risk of acquiring Dementia and or Alzheimer’s. Some symptoms may include: (Robnett & Chop, 119) • Difficulties with understanding or communicating through Emory’s University Research Center offers some tips for aging adults that may help, some of which include: Reducing Stress, Maintaining Good Health, Keeping Mentally Stimulated, and Using Active Strategies that can be helpful to facilitate memory like following a routine, using external techniques and taking more time to actively process new information. (Emory University, 2016). The goal is to advance in studies of these diseases or disorders so that everyone can lead out long and happy
Dementia is a long-term condition that normally affects people aged 65 and over, younger people can be affected. Having dementia can cause loss of key functions to the brain, such as; loss of memory; confusion; speech and language problems; loss of ability to make judgements; loss of concentration; difficulty in processing information; changes in behaviour and personality. These all lead to a person not been able to function properly. The person’s ability to function deteriorates over a period of time and is usually at least 6 months before positive diagnosis of dementia can be made. Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases such as Alzheimer’s which is the most common of dementia, vascular which is a series of mini strokes,
Some of the many common mistaken views of aging would involve our society seeing aging as something that will be a big problem for us and bring about burden. Other issues to consider are that aging is for everyone, not just the elderly. In many people’s minds, you say “aging” and the first thing that comes to mind is an elderly lady or man, retired, grey hair, and no longer full of life. However, children, young adults, and older adults are aging every day. As mentioned in Aging Concepts and Controversies page 91, “…half a million people over age 60 are studying on college campuses.” It also mentions how military officials are retiring in between 40 and 50, and grandmothers are appearing as early as their 30’s. For myself, I noticed that this discrimination was
The elderly population is growing rapidly and now makes up greater than 13% of the United States population (U.S. census, 2010). With such a record growth, there are different aspects to aging that are still being analyzed. Many may think of reaching late life as a rite of passage, but many face this time with a different view. Through the movie "UP', we are granted an opportunity into view the struggles of an elderly widowed man by the name of Mr. Fredrickson and the challenges in which he faces in his later life. The movie, takes one on a journey through his sorrows and his triumphs until he realizes what the true meaning of happiness is.
While there is little difference between dementia and Alzheimer it is important to distinguish the two. Dementia is, “ a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life” (Alzheimer Association, 2014). While Alzheimer is, “is a ...
Studies about aging are relevant in today’s society because the aging process happens to everybody. Humans want to enjoy life with their family and friends and many look forward to their retirement so they can enjoy their time doing leisurely activities. Research on trying to find a cure for different cancers and slowing down the aging process is important if humans want to live a longer and more enjoyable life. By eating foods with antioxidants, exercising on a daily basis, challenging oneself with memory and critical thinking activities, avoiding smoking and drinking too much alcohol, managing stress, and by surrounding oneself with a good support system can all contribute to a longer and happier lifespan.
...tions in the number of synaptic spines and functional synapses contribute to annual reductions of as much as 0.5% to 1.0% in cortical thickness (the cortex is the outermost layer of the brain) and sub-cortical volume in some regions of the brain (Fjell & Walhovd, 2010). Working memory declines in both speed and function, so they forget names, locations of important objects, appointments and medication schedules (Smart, 2012). Both physical fitness and exercise in the form of stimulation among multiple channels aid in slowing cognitive decline and could potentially provide success to individuals (Whitbourne & Whitbourne, 2010). However, Horn and Cattell found that memory, crystallized intelligence, and fluid knowledge all decreased after age of 70 despite level of education, physical activeness and the number and variety of stimulating experiences (Smart, 2012).
As age increases, we can expect some loss of heart, lung, joint, and sexual functioning. Some loss of brain cells and mental efficiency is a normal part of healthy aging (Bendheim, P.E. (2009). Our human brain consist of living cells, which are constantly learning, as we referrer a small child’s brain as a sponge because it is constantly thinking and storing memories. When that child gets older, the brain will get older too, and it will be strong but response will slow down (Perlmutter, David. (2004). Alzheimer’s seems to always make the news, but it is not the only disease connected with the aging brain.
Ageing is a continuing life cycle, it is an ongoing developmental event that brings certain changes in one’s own psychological and physical state. It is a time in one's own life where an elderly individual reminisce and reflect, to bask and live on previous accomplishments and begin to finish his life cycle. There is a significant amount of adjusting that requires an elderly individual to be flexible and develop new coping skills to adapt in the changes that are common in their new life. (Dhara & Jogsan, 2013).
While aging is a natural progression of life, healthy aging is of the upmost importance to ensure the quality of life of elderly people. Often aging can be accompanied by memory loss or confusion. In the past few decades the study of age related cognitive decline has come to the forefront of the scientific community. Considerable research has been done to help identify etiology, prevention and treatment. As the mean age of Canadians increases there is a push to help combat cognitive decline in order to ease the burden on not only the medical community but families as well. Cognitive degeneration in the form of long term memory loss can have many root causes most notably Alzheimer's, dementia and strokes. This deterioration prevents people from performing their daily activities and retaining their independence.
Trends show that aging people tend to have improved psychomotor responses, being able to perform a task more slowly, but with more accuracy, and increased memory loss. However, memory loss is often over exaggerated as a sign of psychological aging; while, senility, abnormal condition of confusion and serious loss of memory, is a notorious condition that tends to occur among the aging, it is not all that common, but is perpetuated as being common by stereotypes. Change in personality also tends to occur. Crystalline intelligence, wisdom and insight into the human condition, tends to increase with age while fluid intelligence, the ability to grasp abstract relationships in math or science, may or may not decline with age. Generally, the negative changes in an older person’s psychology cause them to have an increased likeliness to make a life threatening mistake, which may be one of the reasons society finds psychological aging unnerving and over exaggerates its
Aging brings on the experience of senescence a process of aging. This is a time where the body begins to become a bit weaker and less efficient. (Berger, 2014, p.576) Interestingly enough the physiological factors of aging actually protects adults. The heart and lung begin to lose the reserve capacity each part of the body begins to accommodate the changes that are happening in the other parts of the body. Whether or not a person is old or young the lungs still maintain the oxygen capacity. The brain does however slow down with age and even shrink a bit, but most of the time this goes unnoticed. If there are any severe losses before the age of 65 most often it is attributed to one of these four factors; drug abuse, poor circulation, viruses and genes. The outward appearance also changes skin becomes more wrinkled (unless of course you try Botox regularly) and hair gets grayer and thinner along with may other things. (p.579) The body senses begin to compensate for each other the sight with the hearing and the taste with the smelling. After age 50, it is almost impossible to be able to reproduce without extra hormones. Besides sexual arousal usually begins to slow down or even stop at or after age 60. (p.580-581)
After my phone conversation, I was able to meet with her in person. It was a really fruitful and a pleasant experience just as I expected. She was very friendly and open to discuss some more details I was looking for related to my project. For this interview, I decided to switch gears and ask her about her views on some big topics such as cultural diversity and how she was able to fit in as well as her adjustment towards aging. Since I already have most of the details about her first experiences moving to America and finding a profession of her choice, I decided to dive even further into that to keep the conversation going. Some of the questions that I asked her were about how much diversity she witnessed in her work environment as well as if diversity helped shape her social style in any way and what she would do to help create a more inclusive and diverse environment. She told me that it is very important to work with people who are different and that it is not just about culture and religion, but also about working with people who come from different education backgrounds and experiences.
The present paper illustrates my reflections regarding the article “Memory and Aging: Selected Research Directions and Application Issues”, the third lecture “Psychosocial Issues”, and our class discussion. All of them brought up important issues regarding the psychological health of older adults, however, one theme was common across them: the role of social interaction on cognition and emotion.
Fluid intelligence declines with age (performance in timed task, reasoning) but crystallized intelligence (Knowledge and skills) is equally well or better in older counterparts. Although older adults perform well in complex tasks, there is a decline seen in information processing