Mesopotamia And Indus River Valley Similarities

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Comparing Mesopotamia and Indus River Valley (India) All civilizations require advanced cities, complex institutions, record keeping, specialized workers, and advanced technology. Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley were two of the earliest civilizations that had all five of these qualities. Mesopotamia or “the land between two rivers” was between the two major rivers, Tigris and Euphrates, and is now modern day Iraq. Mesopotamia was founded around 3500 B.C, although people started settling there around 4500 B.C. The Indus River Valley was between the Ganges rivers and the north-western area of what is now India and Pakistan. Although, geography is only one similarity between the two civilizations, they also had many similar political, social, and economic qualities.…show more content…
Sumerians, people who settled in Mesopotamia, built city states such as Uruk, Kish, Lagash, Umma and Ur from their government. These city states benefited them in ways for example, being able to grow and trade their food. By trading their goods, Mesopotamia grew as a civilization. The cities were very independent, like mini countries that share the same culture, but had different rulers and their own government. Mesopotamian cities were highly advanced. The Indus River Valley had better city planning, although it was an important part of both civilizations. The Indus River Valley built cities Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, which were neatly built and made of oven-baked bricks. The Indus River Valley also created the plumbing system which resulted in being able to move forward as a
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