Throughout time societies have developed and progressed from each other through trade and exchanging knowledge, as well as numerous other aspects. Although, initially each civilization possesses their individual benefits, which causes each civilization to be quite diverse. During the River valley civilizations period, the civilizations Mesopotamia and Egypt developed upon their society politically, economically, and culturally. However, each civilization progressed upon these aspects differently based on the structure of their society, geography of their settlement, and their overall beliefs. Politically, Mesopotamia had a less centralized government, as they possessed numerous city-states, which were self-governed. Egypt, however, possessed
The Nile river valley was one of the most flourishing regions in Africa. From it emerged the prominent kingdom of Egypt, which went on to be one of the most dynamic civilizations in that region. Mainly because of its hierarchal social class system and its unsteady government. Roughly a thousand kilometers to the Northeast of the Nile river valley lies the Mesopotamia region. In this region civilizations like the Sumerians prospered and enjoyed the knowledge and natural riches that came from the Fertile Crescent. These two civilizations had their similarities and differences in political and social structures, but for the most part they were considerably alike. Each regions civilization had many differences and similarities in their political
Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two civilizations that used their geographical resources in order to advance in developments within each of their empires. The correlation between these two civilizations used their surrounding resources in order to survive. The Mesopotamians needed a water resource in order to grow vegetation for food. As to the Egyptians needed a water source to grow crops because of the low water source. Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt used their geographical features to develop empires and make abundance of resources needed to survive.
When analyzing ancient civilization and how it began, there are many elements and aspects that should be considered. Questions such as how did civilization begin? What lead to its creation? Where did it begin, and why in that particular location? Many of these questions can be examined and answered by researching what many believe is the world’s earliest civilization, Mesopotamia. It is widely believed that this region was chosen and supported one of the world’s first civilizations. This area was settled over 10,000 years ago by a group of people known as the Sumerians (Cunningham & Reich, 2010).
The historical land of Mesopotamia significantly contributed to early civilization in relation to its close proximity to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and rich fertile land it provided. The rivers offered the people of Mesopotamia fertile soil, irrigation water for crops and fishing, and also supplied an abundance of wild barley and wheat for food or could stored as a food supply.
Civilization is an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached. Mesopotamia and Egypt are both perfect examples of this definition. Both of these ancient civilizations have been credited with providing the world with a plethora of contributions dating back to around 4000 B.C.
The four river valley civilizations, formed in Mesopotamia (Tigris Euphrates River), Egypt (Nile River), the Indus River basin (Indus River), and China (Huanghe River), all had common features as well as distinctly different ones. When comparing these four civilizations, one may notice that each of their governments were run by kings. The difference though, is that China, Egypt, and India’s kings came from dynasties, whereas Mesopotamian rulers were chosen by their importance and strength as military leaders. They were also similar because of their reliance on agriculture and the river they built their civilization along. The river provided food, water for agriculture, and was a means of transportation and communication. The four civilizations
Mesopotamia was the home of the first civilizations, which included the Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires. V. Gordon Childe described a civilization as “a culture capable of sustaining a substantial number of specialists to cope with the economic, social, political, and religious needs of a populous society.” According to Childe, “Civilizations also have writing systems, monumental architecture, and art representative of the people and their activities. All of these characteristics of civilization first appeared in Mesopotamia.”
When comparing cultures it would be difficult to find two that are more diverse than the Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures. The Mesopotamian culture was filled with tension and instability while the Egyptian people maintained a stable and somewhat more content way of life. In examining these two cultures one can surmise that these differences are mainly due to the political, economic, social, religious, and geographic differences between Egypt and Mesopotamia. These factors added to the overall mentality of the people. These mentalities affected the stability of each culture, whether for the better or worse.