THE ADVENTURES OF HUCKLEBERRY FINN AUTHOR’S SKETCH Mark Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens on November 30, 1835, in Florida, Missouri. When Samuel Clemens was four years old, his family moved to Hannibal, Missouri, where he spent his childhood. Clemens first approach to literature was through typesetting for a newspaper in 1851. At the time Orion, his brother, was a newspaper publisher in Hannibal. From 1857 until 1861, he served as the pilot of a riverboat on the Mississippi River.
Clemens family moved to Hannibal Missouri when he was four ("Mark Twain." Wikipedia.). The first 10 years of his life, the Clemens family were not particularly healthy ("Mark Twain (American Writer)."). When ever he was healthy, he spent his younger years running around with the local boys that lived around the Mississippi River with him ("Mark Twain: Childhood."). As Clemens grew up he wanted to become steamboat pilot because he saw many of steamboats while living on the Mississippi River ("Mark Twain: Childhood.").
After his father died in 1847, Clemens was assisted to two Hannibal printers, and in 1851 he began contributing sketches to his brother Orion’s Hannibal Journal. Before long he was a master printer in Keokuk, Iowa; New York City; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and other cities. Later, Clemens was a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River until the American Civil War brought an end to travel on the river. In 1861 Clemens served briefly as a volunteer soldier in an irregular company of Confederate cavalry. Later that year he accompanied his brother to the newly created Nevada Territory, where he tried silver and gold mining.
After engaging in several failed business ventures, Twain moved West to find new work. At the same time, he sent small sketches to Orion. In his journey West, Twain stumbled upon the Mississippi River. Horace Bixby taught him every corner of the 2,000 mile long river. Bixby not only taught him piloting a steamboat, but he also shared many superstitions that can be found in Twain’s works (Fredericks).
By the age of 16, Clemens was working for his brother Orion’s Hannibal Western Union. He published sketches and worked as a printer, sometimes taking on editor in his brother’s absence. By age 21 he was seeking a bunk on a ship going to South America. There he met Horace Bixby, a steamboat pilot. He persuaded Horace to take him on as an apprentice and after two years on the Mississippi, Clemens had his pilot’s license.
Mark Twain Mark Twain was born November 30, 1835 in Florida Missouri, child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton. He had 6 other siblings but only 3 of them survived. When Mark was 4 he moved withhis family moved to Hannibal Missouri. Eight years later he became a printer’s apprentice when he was 12 years old. Just after the fifth grade in 1847 he began working as typesetter and a contributor.
During this time he became accustomed with much of the frontier humor of the time. From 1853 to 1857, Twain worked in many cities as a printer, and wrote articles for his brother's newspapers under various nicknames. After a visit to New Orleans, he learned how to pilot a steamboat. That became his job until the Civil War closed the Mississippi River, and it set him up for "Old Times on the Mississippi" and "Life on the Mississippi." In 1861, Twain traveled to Carson City, Nevada, with his brother Orion.
MARK TWAIN Mark Twain also known as Samuel Clemens. He was born in Florida, Missouri on Nov 30,1835, the sixth child of John and Jane Clemens. Several years later, in 1839, the family moved to nearby Hannibal, where Clemens spent his boyhood years. Clemens boyhood dream was to become a steamboatman on the river. Clemens' newspaper career began while still a boy in Hannibal.
Samuel Clemens/Mark Twain 1835-1910 Samuel Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri, the sixth of seven children. At the age of four, Sam and his family moved to the small frontier town of Hannibal, Missouri on the banks of the Mississippi River. Missouri, at the time, was a fairly new state (it had gained statehood in 1820) and comprised part of the country's western border. It was also a slave state. Sam's father owned one slave and his uncle owned several.
His method of travel was to be the fateful steamboat, and while contemplating his future, he discovered his deep internal connection with the Mississippi river. Suddenly, he knew he had to learn how to pilot steamboats, and this urge proved stronger than anything he had known before. Stronger, even, than the idea of explorations in South America. Some years later, after he had left the river to continue his journalistic career, Sam realized he needed a pen-name for the more comedic and fantastic columns he was writing. This was especially necessary since he had been dispatched to Carson City to report the activities of the Nevada legislature.