The effects of exposure can vary from direct effects such as behavioral and developmental issues to interpersonal relationships, all of which lead to detrimental prospects on the child’s development. This paper will explore those effects and how it affects children. Exposure to violence in the first years of life brings about helplessness and terror which can be attributed to the lack of protection received by the parent. The child can no longer trust their parent as a protector (Lieberman 2007). This lack of trust early in life can bring about serious problems later in life, as there is no resolution to the first psychosocial crisis, trust vs. mistrust.
There is a trend in research that shows that mother-partner cohabitation with multiple partners creates much more instability for the family, which in turn negatively affects the amount of stress put onto the children (Brown, 2010). Children also have the stress of not knowing if the relationship will eventually end for their parents, whereas marriage is referred to as a non-ending family bond with a two parent household
I can’t do that right now,” ... ... middle of paper ... ...d through the divorce process again. Studies have shown that the more stressful transitions a child goes through, which include parental divorces and remarriages, the more likely they are to exhibit behavioral issues (Amato). Children who are forced through a divorce are more likely to have behavioral issues because of tighter finances, differences between parents, and stress. Financial hardship can leave children without proper care and tools for their education. Parenting discrepancies can cause children confusion and resentment toward one or both parents.
The people often overlooked throughout the process of a divorce, surprisingly enough, are the children. Children found in the middle of a divorce are very susceptible to developing trust issues, social problems, and often struggle academically. Successful relationships start with a foundation of trust and respect for one another. Being able to maintain trust in relationships is often a challenge for children coming from divorced parents, to a higher extent if the children observed an issue of trust disrupt their own parents’ marriage. Moreover, if a child becomes aware of an affair happening in their parents’ marriage, such child is very likely to carry a great resentment toward one parent and a much stronger bond with the other.
Have you ever witnessed you parents fighting? Even to the point of separation? If so, maybe it has possibly affected you, or it is effecting you right now. “Children are affected by marital conflict through both direct and indirect pathways. In terms of children’s psychological functioning, exposure to repeated instances of destructive marital conflict has been linked with internalizing problems such as depression and low self-esteem, externalizing problems such as delinquency and aggression, and declines in academic performance, social and interpersonal adjustment, and general mental health” (Faircloth 2).
The emotional abuse experiences will most likely become a stressful event to children. The Journal Article of Clinical Psychology states, “Individuals who experience childhood abuse are three to four times more likely to develop major depression in their lifetime” (Shapero, 2014, p. 210). Children who are exposed to childhood emotional abuse experience aggression, which can be both short term and long term effect. Aggression typically causes the child to feel angry at people and it makes them unable to confront them, by setting up a blocked wall. Instead of letting the feelings out, the aggression is suppressed internally.
A divorce can affect the traditional family dynamic in a multiple ways, including the relationship between children and their parents. The relationship between adolescent children and their parents in post-divorce families is often strained as a result of poor communications. Research indicates that a high degree of conflict between former spouses is one of the strongest detrimental influences on children and parent–child relations (Afifi & Schrodt, 2003). Two key behavior phenomena that can be observed in adolescents, in respect to their relationship to their divorced parents, are “feeling caught” as a mediator and inappropriate parental divorce disclosures. It has been suggested that, because older children have developed cognitive maturity, parents tend to rely on their adolescent offspring to provide support and advice, resulting in increased pressures and responsibilities (Wright & Maxwell, 1991).
Therefore, these children who are victims will remain naïve in their adult years because they were incapable of gain life skills. Clair M. Hart pointed out that it has been predicted that a child’s depression and anxiety is connected with “reduced parental care, elevated parental shaming, overprotection, and favouristism” (Personality and Difference 250). Narcissistic parents feel threatened by their child’s growing independence, so they hover over their developing years; thus, becoming overly possessive. There are other parents who acknowledge their child’s mistakes more than their positive attributes, so a child can resort to self-blame. They would try to fix themselves and begin believing that it is their fault for receiving the negative treatment from their parent.
Parents do not realize in how hard it is for a child to deal with a divorce from their parents. In addition parents should understand that the divorce is affecting more their children than their personal lives. In a divorce may lead a child to have dramatically changes in a daily live; and the divorce can be stressful, sad, and confusing for kids of all ages. Children that experience a divorce have more chances on developing a psychological problem and bad behavior. Children suffer from the separation of their parents and their adulthood may be affected.
Children who witness family violence are affected in ways similar to children who are physically abused. They are often unable to establish nurturing bonds with either parents, peers, and/or other caring adults. Children are at greater risk for abuse and neglect if they live in a violent home. Child abuse occurs in 70% of families that experience