"The Pillow Book." Anthology of Japanese Literature. 'Comp' . Donald Keene. New York: Grove Press, 1955.
A.Poulin Jr.. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991. 182-184. - - - . "On Neal's Ashes". Contemporary American Poetry-5th Edition.
It was compiled in the 8th-10th century. The Kokinshū became the poetry standard for the next 1,000 years in Japan. (The Manyōshū and Kokinshū Poetry Collections) The Manʻyōshū, also known as the Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves, is the earliest collection of Japanese poetry which was compiled sometime in 759 AD and was divided into 20 volumes, containing 4,516 Japanese poems. There are 4,200 tanka (short poems), 265 chōka (long poems), and 60 sedōka (head-repeated poems), which was a repeated verse form of 5-7-5, 5-7-5. The Manʻyōshū is also the largest collection of poems ever and was compiled by not only aristocrats but also emperors, peasants, and soldiers.
Works Cited Keene, Donald. Anthology of Japanese Literature, from the Earliest Era to the Mid-nineteenth Century. New York: Grove, 1955. Print. McCullough, Helen Craig., and Tsurayuki Ki.
The Man’yōshū and the Kokinshū are perhaps among the most revered and earliest collections of Japanese poetry. The Man’yōshū, meaning “Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves (or Generations),” is believed to be compiled by the poet Ōtomo no Yakamochi sometime after AD 759 during the Nara Period. It contains over 4,000 poems, mostly tanka, that date before the end of the eighth century, and the writings are somewhat divided chronologically into four periods. Almost two centuries later, the Kokin waka shū or Kokinshū, meaning “Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern,” was compiled under the imperial command of Emperor Daigo in AD 905 during the Heian Period by several well-known poets like Ki no Tsurayuki. Unlike the Man’yōshū, the Kokinshū’s 1,111 poems are arranged by theme into 20 books, the majority of them dealing with the four seasons and love.
Letter to George and Thomas Keats. 21 Dec. 1817. The Norton Anthology of English Literature, Volume Two The Romantic Period through the Twentieth Century. 5th ed. New York: WW Norton, 1986.
Keene Donald. “The Tosa Diary.” Anthology of Japanese Literature. Ed. Donald Keene. New York, NY: Grove Press, 1955.
Seeds in the Heart: Japanese Literature from Earliest Times to the Late Sixteenth Century. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. Mills, D.E. "Japanese Poetry." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1975): 35-53.