a.Define what malpractice is. Malpractice is failing to meet the standard of care listed in the APA Code of Ethics (Fisher,2017). Malpractice can cause injury to a client which is direct violation of ethical code 3.04 Avoiding Harm. Examples of malpractice include abandonment of a client, failing to follow the medical model, and practicing techniques without the proper training (Caudill,n.d). b. Using the assigned readings, describe the areas that are more likely to lead to malpractice and how psychologists can avoid or minimize their liability risk in these different areas. Some areas that are more likely to lead to malpractice include: client/patient suicidality, inappropriate or excessive self disclosure, therapists using treatment techniques …show more content…
Lightfoot’s ethical alternatives for resolving this dilemma? Which alternative best reflects the Ethics Code aspirational principles and enforceable standards, legal standards, and obligations to stakeholders? Can you identify the ethical theory guiding your decision? Dr.Lightfoot ethical alternatives for resolving this case are accepting Allison as a client or declining Allison as a client. The best alternative is to decline Allison as a client but refer her to another psychologist because of the possible dual relationship. Utilitarian theory guided me in my decision. 7.What steps should Dr. Lightfoot take to implement his ethical decision and monitor its effect? Dr. Lightfoot should ask Allison to come in so he can speak to her. One Allison come in and he realizes that she is an actual person. He should allow her to know that he cannot see her for ethical reasons and then he should refer her out. Dr. Lightfoot also has to ensure that the psychologist that he refers her to is open and competent. Texas stance on this type of case is that Dr. Lightfoot cannot see Allison. 465.13. Personal Problems, Conflicts and Dual Relationships of Texas state law apply to this case. APA also does not allow this, 3.05 Multiple Relationships of the ethics code prohibits the
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That is the rising number of negligent acts committed by medical professionals. Failure to follow standard of practice is the leading root cause of the troubles involving malpractice. Failure to assess and monitor the patient, failure to communicate, medication errors, negligent delegation or supervision and failure to obtain informed consent from patients are the top failures leading to malpractice. The American Nurses Association provides scopes and standards that if followed could prevent many of the negligent acts. Duty, Breach of Duty, Foreseeability, Causation, Injury, Damages must be proven for a nurse to be held
This case study is an interpretation of a problem or situation that has occurred within a LPC’s (License Professional Counselor) care. As information is gathered, the depiction to this specific problem in this case study may also include additional information that may deem so to be necessary, in order to place possible solutions or actions that could have or will arise from the situation. This document will consist of a step by step analysis of the factors which impact the case, mostly in the order of what appears to be the most ethically sound decision. This document involves Stephanie’s (therapist) treatment of Martha Rose (client). The therapist, Stephanie, has been given a case through referral from an unknown source; Stephanie is working with this new case in SC (South Carolina).
The method of ethical decision making which was developed by Dr. Cathryn A. Baird presented two components contained in all ethical decisions which are; The Four ethical Lenses and the 4+1 Decision process. The Four Ethical Lenses issue claims that different ethical theories and the means in which we tend to approach the situations which form part of our ethical traditions are looked at in four different perspectives. From each perspective there are different values on which to decide whether the action taken is either ethical or not and each lens also lays emphasis on determining whether the decision made is of ethical requirement. In the 4+1 Decision Process, people who are responsible for making final decisions in an organization do it using four specific decision making steps and eventually will end up with one extra decision which gives a chance to reflect. The 4+1 decision process allows the decision makers to give solutions when faced with complicated ethical issues (John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies, 2000).
An ethical dilemma occurs when moral obligations clash, and may pose a challenge when faced to define which course of action is right or wrong. In the current case, Ashley, an advanced doctoral student is faced with a challenging ethical dilemma at her current practicum site. The ethical dilemma became complex and multi-layered, prompting Ashley to seek peer consultation in efforts to make sound and professional decision making when faced to determine the course of action. Specifically, Ashley who is treating two teenage adolescents (patient A, patient B) from the same H.S. is made aware of private information concerning patient B, from patient A. Patient A is considered to be more “high-risk” due to the recent tragic death of her parents, suicide attempts, and chronic suicidal ideation with plan. Ashley fears that the information she holds may trigger patient A into depression and suicidal ideation. In addition, Ashley is conflicted that withholding the information from her patient may do equal damage, and sever their relat...
Formulating boundaries, while not always easy to do, is often necessary in order to protect the practitioner from allegations of malpractice, negligence, or any other type of ethical violations for that matter, including breaches in confidentiality. Unfortunately, since ethics are not clearly defined in terms of simply black-or-white or right-or-wrong, it becomes that much more difficult to determine where one line of the professional boundaries starts and another begins. The result of these inconsistencies tends to be somewhat
Mumford would be called to a meeting after the board of directors and I had met initially to discuss the unethical practice that he been performing. Although it appeared to all that the patients that he counselled or diagnosed became healthier in their actions but the facts remain that he did not follow any ethical standards for psychologists. During the board meeting, we would discuss the competence and responsibility of the professional ethics guideline on Mumford. “It is hoped that these guidelines will be of assistance when human service professionals and educators are challenged by difficult ethical dilemmas” (Woodside and McClam, 2011, p. 276). After the board members reached a mutual agreement, the meeting with Mumford would begin. In the meeting with Mumford, the board of directors would discuss his unethical act of practicing psychology without a license. According to our textbook, “psychologists provide services, teach, and conduct research with populations and in areas only within the boundaries of their competence, based on their education, training, supervised experience, consultation, study or professional experience” (Woodside, 2011, p. 276). Although Mumford attended college, he did not have enough credentials to hold a position as a psychologist. Concluding the meeting with Mumford and the board of directors, with lack of training and no license to
Life is all about the decisions we make. In fact, the average individual makes 35,000 decision each and every day (Hoomans, 2015). For the healthcare professional, decisions are founded on ethical theories with the pillars of beneficence, non-maleficence and justice as the tools for decision making (Morrison & Furlong, 2014). The ability of health care professionals to apply these theories determines whether or not an appropriate response is achieved in healthcare situations. Unfortunately, at times a professional who has consistently violated the policy for ethical conduct through poor decisions must be disciplined.
There are eight steps in this model, and each step frames and focuses the ethical dilemma in a meaningful way and there are many factors involved in the process. These steps are outlined as follows: (1) Identify the problem or dilemma, (2) Identify the potential issues involved, (3) Review the relevant ethics codes, (4) Know the applicable laws and regulations, (5) Obtain consultation, (6) Consider possible courses of action, (7) Enumerate the consequences of various decisions, and (8) Choose what appears to be the best course of action (Corey, Corey, Corey, & Callaman, 2015). I will apply this model to the case study above as well as expand on the finer points involved in the process in the following
The sixth ethical issue arises when the client is denied access to his medical chart. Currently, HIPPA (2006) grants clients access to their medical records. An exception to this is if the information contained within the medical records is “reasonably likely” to cause harm to the client (HIPPA, 2006; APA, 2002). The records were unlikely to cause harm to the patient and, therefore, the client should have had access to them.
According to The American Psychological Association's (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, psychologists must comply with the standards of the APA Ethics Code as well as the rules and procedures used to carry them out. Having a lack of understanding of the ethical standards is not an acceptable cause to operate in an unethical manner. Furthermore, even though a specific regimen is not mentioned within the APA guidelines this does not exempt an unjust behavior (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010). The same rules apply to Dr. Betsy Jones, a small-town practicing psychologist unsure as to whether her actions would be considered ethical, so she reaches out to a professional colleague for guidance.
Ethical issues in a counseling practice lay the foundation of a therapist in practice. Ethics are at the center of how the counseling process functions and operates in a successful manner for the clients who seek help in such a setting. In order for the counseling profession to be ethical and hold professional recognition, there are many facets that need to be examined and outlined to make sure all counselors and practitioners are functioning at the highest level and withholding their duties required by the counseling profession. The first introduction so to speak of the area of ethics also happens to be one of the first steps in counseling, which is the informed consent. The informed consent provides the basis of what happens or will be happening in a counseling setting and serves to inform the client to their rights, responsibilities, and what to expect. Most importantly, the informed consent is in place for the client’s benefit. It also is important to understand that culture and environment play a role in the treatment of a client and how theories can positively or negatively impact this treatment. Therapists need to understand how to work within the context of a theory while being able to understand the individual in their own environment. Although theories are put into place to serve as a framework, there are also alternative ways to approach counseling, one example being evidence-based practice. Such an approach is very specific, which presents a series of solutions for counseling as a whole, but also brings forth many problems. Every approach or theory introduces ethical concerns that need to be taken into consideration by the entire counseling community and how each can positively and negatively affect clients and the pr...
The APA ethics code for client welfare proposed sensible steps to reduce and evade unnecessary harm to customers’ which must be following by the psychology practiser. Psychologists need to wholly inform clients or whoever responsible for their care about the purpose and nature of their services which involving from the reason to conduct the serv...