The economy tend to move from boom to recession, it is difficult for government to maintain and achieve macroeconomics objectives. At this time, there are “conflicts between government macroeconomic objectives”, which is this extended essay main theme. This essay will look at the government macroeconomic objectives, the conflicts between macroeconomics objectives, the best policy or mixture of policies to minimize the conflicts between macroeconomics objectives and recommendations, which are classified as main objectives and additional objectives.
Macroeconomics is the study of the economy as a whole, which looks at economic growth, unemployment and inflation. (Dobson and Palfreman, 1999) Government macroeconomics objectives can dividend into …show more content…
A rise in standard of living can lead to a fall in relative poverty. For example, reducing child poverty and pensioner poverty. Protect the environment means care for the environment from misuse and overuse. Government also wants to improve their productivity which improve their own competitiveness and global trade performance. More or enough government spending could appropriately compensate for private consumer and capital spending. Therefore, there are four main objectives and four additional objectives of government macroeconomics objectives.
It is difficult for government to achieve all the macroeconomics objectives at the same time. Conflicts between macroeconomics objectives means a policy irritating aggregate demand may reduce unemployment in the short term but launch a period of higher inflation and exacerbate the current account of the balance of payments which can also dividend into main objectives and additional objectives (N. T. Macdonald, …show more content…
These two policies use to try to shorten recessions. Fiscal policy has its initial impact in the goods markets, then monetary policy has its initial impact mainly in the assets markets, which both effect on both level of output and interest rates. (R. Dornbusch et al., 2008)
In every economy, there are 4 main and 4 additional objectives of government macroeconomics objectives. We can point out that the objectives have their own conflicts which difficult to carry it out at the same time between government macroeconomic objectives. Therefore, government use different policies to minimize the conflict.
In my opinion, the most important aspect is that government should consider the importance of the government macroeconomic objectives goals and which government should priority first. This will be an easier way for government to allocate the resources and help to focus the government macroeconomic objectives