William's defense attorney argued that he was merely a victim of the deteriorating prison system in this country (Racism, tolerance, and perfected redemption: A rhetorical critique of the dragging trial, Larry A. Williamson, 2009). The reality of prison gangs is nearly impossible to ignore. King's story, although not a defense for his crime, sheds light on today's prisons and the gangs within them. Newly admitted convicts are often victimized to no end until they join a group or gang that displays power and their intentions to survive prison life. Violence, rape, and murder are just a fe... ... middle of paper ... ...view of the Challenge of Prison Gangs Fleisher, M. S. Decker, S. H. Corrections Management Quarterly, 2001, VOL 5; ISS 1, pa 1-9 Organizational Structure of Prison Gangs: A Texas Case Study R S Fong Federal Probation Volume:54 Issue:1 Dated:(March 1990) Pages:36-43 Prison Gang Members' Tattoos as Identity Work: The Visual Communication of Moral Careers.
Assaults on correctional officers in prison are not uncommon. Aggressive inmates need to be kept under control, which can sometimes cause fights between themselves and the officers. According to Stephen C. Light, a graduate from SUNY Plattsburgh “The sample consists of the 694 incidents of assaults by prisoners on offices that were reported to have occurred in 31 New York State prisons” (Light, 1991). The amount of assaults on officers demonstrates how violent inmates can get. Over 600 assaults in 31 different NY State prisons, displays one of the many hardships and challenges that come with being a corrections officer.
One’s preoccupation in jail is survival, which often leads inmates to change themselves in order to fit in; they would change their beliefs, habits, personality, and their values. According to Hanser (pg. 217), most inmates that choose to be in a gang in prison were prior street gang members. Prison gangs are very powerful and the leaders of each gang can force their members to do things to antagonize other gang members. Affiliations of gangs tend to be diverse with race; most prison gang members are strictly defined by the race of their
They all have similar beliefs, meanings of their tattoos, how gangs impact their lives and society, and the challenges they bring the prison system in order to decrease gang population. One of the largest gangs in prison with all-white male members is The Aryan Brotherhood. Established in the 1960s in California, the brotherhood was created because whites felt that black and Hispanic inmates were taking advantage of them. To be a part of the Aryan Brotherhood inmates is put on a 6 month probationary period. Once initiation, members are required to “making-bones” meaning to kill someone.
Capone was in for killing a dozen people and having illegal gambling clubs. He was there for 4 ½ years until he got Syphilis and transferred out in 1938. Al Capone had a tough time at Alcatraz without special treatment; he got into a fight and put into isolation for eight days. While waiting for a haircut, a guy stabbed him with a pair of scissors, and, of course, he also got Syphilis. Capone even told the warden “Looks like Alcatraz has got me licked” (“Alcatraz History”).
This paper will discuss the prison gang issue that exists in our correctional system. It will list several powerful gangs that populate the prison and jails around the country. Descriptions of the gangs will be given along with their history and courses of action they take to maintain discipline within its culture. From the criminal justice side the discussion will cover issues of safety, temptation and corruption that happen when dealing with the various gangs. Finally this paper will propose some personal solutions I think would help ease some of the issues correction officers and those in the criminal justice system have to deal with daily.
Prison Gangs Ever since the creation of the first prison gang the ‘Gypsy Jokers’, gangs in prisons have been a handful for officials trying to provide safety and security not only for corrections workers but for inmates as well. Prison gangs have been responsible for carrying out any number of illicit activites behind bars, these include but may not be limited to: gambling, drugs, protection, and prostitution (Knox, 2012). Over the years research for prison gangs proves difficult because of the secretive nature behind these organizations, but there is new evidence being brought to light that is helping combat these illusive and lucrative criminal organizations. There are currently 150,000 incarcerated gang members across the United States (State of New Jersey: Commission of Investigation, 2009). With the rise of prison populations there has been a rise in prison gang population and gang activity.
A connection from the outside has made it possible for him to be able to receive his phone. People receive items through visitors, mail, packages, dirty lawyers, and even through prison facility staff. I always believed that i... ... middle of paper ... ... see, if the guards get caught they have to go through trial like a normal person. They would face the same consequences as an inmate would. In my opinion, it is a worse offense for a prison guard or any type of staff to be involved in drug smuggling than the inmate.
This situation brings about one of the points of this paper, the extensive brutality of the prison guards cause many inmates to fear the warden and his officers, thus causing them to never fully rehabilitate. About a month into his sentence Andy meets Red, the prisoner who can get anyone whatever they need. Andy ask Red for a rock hammer which he says is for his extensive rock collection, Red believes that Andy will use this for his escape but denies that thought when he notices how small the rock is. For the first two years of his sentence Andy works in the prison laundry room, a group named “The Sisters” is a group of prisoners that sexually assault other prisoners on a regular basis. Although Andy fights this group constantly, Andy is beaten and raped on a regular basis.
“In many ways their number and power grew even more in prison.”(Martinez) The problem of gangs and violence has been addressed many times throughout the years by the United States Correctional Board but the board has yet to take the problem seriously. Background Most gang members in prisons are introduced to the “gang life” at an early age and enter prison a member, but some become a member once behind bars mainly for the protection the gangs are known to provide. Gangs are known to purposely intimidate other inmates, thus reinforcing the reason why “one out of every ten male inmates” becomes a member once behind bars. (Knox) Most of the people who enter prison a member were sentenced for drug offenses. Prison gangs are well known for the handling of illegal substances, alcohol, or tobacco inside the correctional facilities, this is only a ... ... middle of paper ... ... of Gangs and Security Threat Groups."