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Lipase Case Study

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Lipases are enzymes that break down the fats. Esters formed from glycerol and fatty acids are catalyzed and hydrolyzed by these enzymes. They are used in many biotechnological processes and have applications in food, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industries and industrial waste management. Numerous efforts have been done to isolate lipase producing microbes. Microbial lipases are commercially important, microbes like bacteria, yeast and fungi produce lipases. These microbes are found in diverse environment such as industrial wastes, vegetable oil processing factories, oil mill effluent and soil contaminated with oil. We can isolate these micro-organisms from above mentioned habitats and can increase their lipase producing activity by…show more content…
These enzymes are widely used in numerous biotechnological processes and have applications in cosmetic, detergent, food, pharmaceutical industries and leather (Rajeshkumar, Mahendran et al. 2013). Lipases form an essential part of the industries range from dairy, agrochemical and detergents to oleo-chemicals, tea industries, and in numerous bioremediation processes. The potential for marketable utilization of a microbial lipase is firm by its yield, stability, activity, and other distinctiveness (Shu, Jiang et al. 2010). Because of the huge applications, newer microbes are to be screen for production of lipases having wanted properties. The considerate of the study will facilitate us to tailor new lipases for biotechnological applications (Verma, Thakur et al.). Thus lipases are credible tools for the organic chemists. The widen applications of microbial lipases in biotechnology has necessitate the continued research and development of novel lipases with large substrate tolerance, and high stability (Momsia and Momsia…show more content…
2010). Lipases of microbial origin are extensively diversify in their enzymatic properties and substrate specificity, which make them most attractive for industrial applications. (Hasan, Shah et al. 2013). Some important lipase-producing bacterial genera are Bacillus, Pseudomonas and Burkholderia and fungal genera include Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Candida. Different species of yeasts belonging to seven different genera include Zygosaccharomyces, Pichia, Lachancea, Kluyveromyces, Saccharomyces, Candida, and Torulaspora. (Verma, Thakur et al.). Lipases are classified into serine hydrolases and they catalyze both the hydrolysis and synthesis of long-chain triacylglycerols. Extracellular lipases are created by microorganisms, fungi and bacteria. Lipases from bacteria have been salaried much consideration due to their frequent usage in a range of biotechnological applications. Pseudomonas lipases are the most central ones which have a important potential in detergent industry and organic chemistry (Aysun 2009). Bacterial strain are usually more used as source of lipases because they present higher activities compared to yeast. Fungal lipases which are report to be derivative mainly from Candida and Aspergillus sp and Geotrichum sp. are mainly significant in industrial applications (Nwuche and Ogbonna 2011). The bacterial strain Bacillus sp. strain DVL2 has been shown
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