This was the new representation of Christian art and called or many others to follow his footsteps. In conclusion we can say that Christian art was influenced by the rise of the Christianity in different historical periods. Each period is associated by a certain style, which characterizes the very differences from each other. On the other hand the Christianity itself was portrayed through art, was the new development of art that gave birth to new developments in the church itself. This balance of powers between art and Christianity is the essence of human spirituality.
The Edict of Milan was a document led to the establishment of religious toleration throughout Rome and brought an end to ... ... middle of paper ... ...s believed that the statue was created to represent the entire era. After the Edict of Milan was established, towns went under a slow transformation. Although it continued to focus of urban life, many temples were slowly replaced by Christian buildings. The Emperor highly encouraged Christian art and architecture. Theodosius I, the last Roman Emperor, acknowledged Christianity as the state religion in 380.
It was time when Christianity was suffering because of prosecutions of the Christian's by the barbaric. With the conquest of Roman empire by Constantine in 312 AD, Christianity became the dominant religion in Rome. Constantine after meeting with Cicinnus, issued the Edict of Milan and made Christianity and its practice legal (Cameron, 57). The confiscated property of the Church were also returned. Hence, under the reign of Constantine the Great, Christianity became an important religion in Rome, and it also grew to became an influential religion in Europe and the Western countries.
The emperors of the upcoming Roman Empire wanted to increase their power to keep their empire united. Around 300 CE, Constantine ended the persecution of Christians by converting to Christianity and supporting his new faith with imperial funds and a policy of religious freedom1. Under the rule of Constantine (306-337 CE), the state religion of Western Rome became Christianity. However, the conversion of the state religion took a century or so and was declared the state religion under the “reign” of Theodosius (379-395 CE). Christianity attracted conversion among women and men of all classes, assuring personal salvation, offering social advantages and security from the emperor, nourishing a sense of identity, developing a hierarchy to govern the church, and creating devoted communities2.
During that time period, Stoicism became extremely influential in the Roman Empire. It was no longer just a Greek school; it became a semi-official Philosophy for the Roman elite. Throughout this time period, Christianity also began to emerge. Through influential missionaries, like Saint Paul (10-67 CE), Christianity began to spread and gain recognition, despite the fact that the Roman Empire was predominately pagan during the first century. Ironically, many early Christian writings often seem, on the surface, to reflect Stoic philosophy.
Geography usually plays a big role in determining the success of developing cultures. According to Michael Gough, who wrote The Early Christians, this was the case for Christianity because the "geography [...] determined the direction and rate of spread of the new religion." However, with a good geography comes great diversity as well. For instance, at the time, the three most influential religions of the orient were the pagan ones known as Cybele, Isis, and Mithraism. L.P. Wilkinson, in his book The Roman Experience, discusses how Mithraism had parallels to Christianity in the sense that they acknowledged an immaculate conception of a savior, took part in baptismal ceremony and a sacramental meal, and they believed they would be resurrected after death .
Gregory asserted that the prophets in fact had greater knowledge of God, because they had actually seen or heard God himself. Palamas is recognized as a Saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Byzantine Catholic Churches that are in communion with Rome revere him in the liturgy, and Pope John Paul II has been repeatedly cited as a great theological writer as well as a saint. Palamas’ works proposes to us an in-depth mystical theology of God and His grace, inspiring us to a deeper personal relationship and union with God. Therefore, ‘theology in the highest sense is not knowledge of God but possession of God’.
Christians were originally persecuted for their faith, which ran against the established polytheistic beliefs of many Greeks and Romans, who worshiped numerous deities such as Zeus, Apollo and Aphrodite. However, by 394 AD., Christianity emerged as the leading religion of Western Civilization when Emperor Theodosius I declared Christianity to be the official state religion of the Roman Empire. (Kagan, et. al., 1995, 206.) Its tenets and beliefs spread throughou... ... middle of paper ... ...d to many parts of the Pacific Islands to spread the Gospel, and today, Catholicism is a predominant religion in that area.
One must evaluate the development of both Rome and England to gain an adequate understanding of early English Christianity. Fifty-five years before the birth of Jesus Christ, Julius Caesar encountered the Druidic religious culture in his invasion of Britain. Although only recently established in Caesar's day, the Druids exerted tremendous influence over British society; they were the priests of the primitive government, and possessed considerable authority as such. In addition to their spiritual duties, Druid priests were responsible for educating the youth, remained immune from military duty and taxes, and presided over civil and criminal legal matters (to the point of deciding controversies among states). They were the expression of both a local government and a community spirituality that were bound to a larger whole.
The third and increment of history will range from 1649 to 1945 A.D. The date 311 A.D. marks the issuing of the "Edict of Toleration" for Christians. This date is important because it symbolizes "national" acceptance of Christianity, and planted its roots as a political institution. Later the Roman Empire on the verge of internal collapse acknowledged the importance of Christianity and used it to hold together the remnants of it former self. This adoption of Christianity took form and eventually became the Catholic church.The church became intermingled with politics and became a strong entity.