Latvian Education: Past and Present

analytical Essay
1903 words
1903 words

Latvian Education: Past and Present

I. Introduction

Imagine a seven year old boy sitting in class. He is anxious for the day to begin and anticipates its end. Finally, his teacher starts to speak about what will be happening in class that day. The boy looks up in wonderment and confusion. His teacher is speaking in a completely different language than the boy is accustomed to. This little boy is growing up in Latvia, but the language he has grown up learning, in his home, is Russian. The boy, having always heard both languages while growing up, eventually pieced together what the teacher was saying; and later realizes he is going to have to adapt to a new language. This seems to be a common occurrence in Latvian schools. Because of Latvia’s history, back and forth, between Soviet and independent rule, a large population of Russians have migrated, or been moved to, Latvia. This has had a large impact on the way education works in Latvia. The Eastern Union (EU) has also, recently, started to make a difference in the way education works in Latvia.

II. History

a. Communist

After reading through a brief history of Latvia, in the World Book, I found that Latvia was first recognized as an independent state in 1920, even though it had claimed independence just after World War I ended in November of 1918. Two years after their claim, Latvia developed a democratic government which broke up wealthy estates and separated the land among the people. After the Great Depression, in 1936, the president took more power and gave less to the political parties. Shortly after World War II started the Soviets had an agreement with Latvia to build Russian military bases in their country. The Russians eventually seized power and made Latvia part of the Soviet Union and then created a Communist government.

Soon after that, in 1941, the German soldiers invaded Latvia and stayed there until 1944 when the Soviets recaptured it. While the Russians resided and ruled in Latvia they created a powerful Communist government which controlled all land and industry, was the only legal politician party, and banned the Latvian flag and national anthem.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how a seven-year-old boy is anxious for the day to begin and anticipates its end. his teacher is speaking in another language than he is accustomed to. this is common in latvian schools.
  • Explains that latvian and russian education systems are both funded by the state. the educational values taught in pre-school include learning the native tongue, sensory development, and formation of mathematical notions.
  • Explains that the united nations (un) feels that it might be happening too quickly. the biggest problem is the ethnic minority protections.
  • Opines that latvia has a way to go in making latvian the first language again. they were so influenced by the communist that it was easier to keep the main language, russian.
  • Explains that latvia was recognized as an independent state in 1920, even though it had claimed independence just after world war i ended in november of 1918.
  • Explains that the popular front was formed in 1988 by non-communist people who wanted to gain complete independence from the soviet union.
  • States that the latvian education law and the law of religious organizations were passed in 1995. the ministry of science and education is responsible for creating, reforming, and closing of any educational facility.
  • Explains that the latvian upper secondary education system includes twelve subjects and two levels, basic and advanced, for each subject.
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