When the play was written in 1600, people in those days believed in things like the witches and they also believed thought that the power and knowledge of the future came from the devil. All this shows why the witches influence Macbeth throughout the play and why are part of Macbeth's struggle between good and evil. The witches start of by giving the audience a clue to what the future holds for Macbeth. "When the battles lost and won," (Act 1, Scene 1) is said by the second witch. This says that every battle is lost by one side and won by another and so Macbeth's fate is that he will win the battle, but will lose his time of victory for the battle of his soul.
The witches’ incentive was flouted by a moral Macbeth at the beginning of the play. But when he was faced with Lady Macbeth’s persuasion to murder Duncan in pursuit of the throne he follows her plans. After Duncan’s murder Macbeth needs no further persuading by Lady Macbeth to commit the subsequent killings of Banquo and Macduff’s family as she managed to convince him to commit murderous actions despite Macbeth's moral nature. Therefore we can assume that Lady Macbeth is to blame for changing Macbeth’s moral mind into that of murderers, which led to a disastrous outcome.
Later on, in the play Shakespeare took that aspect of the history and twisted it when writing his play when lady Macbeth said “Glamis thou art, and Cawdor, and shalt be What thou art promised. Yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way”(Macbeth 1.5.15-18). Lady Macbeth establishes herself as the dominant partner in the marriage. It’s not the first time that Shakespeare has done that in Macbeth. Shakespeare made lady Macbeth be the one to convince and influence Macbeth into killing King Duncan which does strongly against the
In William Shakespeare’s “Macbeth”, Lady Macbeth is responsible for the death of King Duncan. Although other characters did contribute to the downfall of the king, such as the three witches and Macbeth himself, Lady Macbeth’s role in his murder is the most prominent and influential. Upon first reading her husband’s letter, Lady Macbeth instantly believes that the way to achieve the crown is to kill King Duncan. The three witches in the play, who play an important role in the King’s downfall, are not as responsible as Lady Macbeth, as they never claim outright that any foul play must occur in order for their prophecies to come true. Furthermore, Macbeth himself, although clearly playing a pivotal role in the fatal act, is not entirely convinced that he should murder in order to become king and is therefore not nearly as responsible as his wife.
If you sunk then you were innocent and if you floated you were a witch. In witches soliloquy there use of language and thinking aloud shows us the witches are bad but powerful. So far in the play we can see that Lady Macbeth (Macbeth’s wife) is controlling and a bit mad. Macbeth is planning to kill King Duncan but keeps being indecisive weather to or not. We no that Macbeth needs a lot of persuading by lady Macbeth to kill king Duncan but the three witches also took a part in it because if it was not for them he would have never told lady Macbeth about it.
"What beast was’t, then that made break this enterprise to me" In Macbeth the Witches are shown as being evil, conniving, and cruel. "Here I have a pilot’s thumb, wreck’d, as homeward he did come." The Witches play a major role in convincing Macbeth to kill Duncan. They give Macbeth and Bonquo three prophecies: "all hail Macbeth hail to thee, thane of Cawdor" "all hail, Macbeth that shalt be king hereafter" "thou shalt get kings, though be none." Bonquo doesn’t take these prophecies seriously, but Macbeth shows some ambition for power.
The three witches are introduced at the beginning of the play; they give Macbeth three prophecies, that he will be Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glamis and King. The witches can foretell the future; they add temptation and influence Macbeth but they cannot control his destiny. The witches themselves have no particular goal to reach. When it comes to Macbeth they are just having fun. As Hecate argues, all they achieve is: 'How did you dare/ To trade and traffic with Macbeth/ In riddles and affairs of death' The language used here by Hecate is dark and unpleasant, and the way 'death' is used, implies that the witches could have known that their interference would lead to the death of characters.
Shakespeare begins the play with the witches for several reasons. First, the fact that they are witches portrays many evil themes since witches are a universal symbol for an advocate of the devil. They themselves foreshadow malign events to come. For example, to add to the witches’ representation of evil, the clichéd background is that of thunder and lightening, which also represents wickedness and confusion. Shakespeare also uses the witches to give some background to the play; they decide to meet with Macbeth “when the battle’s lost and won”.
This causes... ... middle of paper ... ...characters that are important in contributing to Macbeth’s downfall. The witches are an example of this as they deliver prophecies to Macbeth that are necessary to Macbeth’s change in attitude and which lead to his downfall. The witches cause Macbeth to believe he is destined to be King and that no one is able to stop him. Additionally, Duncan is significant to Macbeth’s downfall. Duncan is murdered by Macbeth in order for him to become King and this murder makes Macbeth more ambition and determined which leads to his downfall.
At that point in time Macbeth had no intention of becoming King. The final which causes Macbeth to become wary of Banquo. She informs Banquo of the final prophecy, “Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.” [Act 1 Scene 3 Line 69] Macbeth overhears and sends murderers to claim Banquo and his son’s lives, in order to protect his throne and remain king of Scotland. Without the witches, Macbeth would have no motive for eliminating Banquo and his son. It is evident that the witches’ influence runs throughout the play and is a crucial part to Macbeth’s deeds.