Sneaking mobsters in our government to spread corruption, destroying rival businesses, and assassinating nation’s leaders are just some of the few things the mafia has done to America. During the cold war the spread of communism was a fear for many Americans. The mafia decided to take advantage of this and decided to strike a deal with the government. “In 1945 and 1955 43 socialists and communists were murdered in Sicily, often at election time.” (Quoted in Stille 1995: 19). The government hired assassins to kill communist politicians in Italy ultimately changing how their country’s government.
These Mafia members led a revolt against the French and Arabs and gained power over time. As time progressed, the Mafia controlled the government, banks, and police activity and turned to crime for profit. A Mafia-run Sicily prospered until the rise of Benito Mussolini. As an advocate of socialism, he began to crack down on Mafia activity in Italy (Brief History 2). This forced many of the prominent mob bosses to flee America where they would prosper for a decade and a half.
This was an unspoken request for an amount of money in return for protection. If the money was not paid, the recipients could expect violence such as kidnappings, bombings, and murder. By the nineteenth century, this society grew larger and more criminally oriented. In 1876, Mafia Don Rafael Palizzolo, ran for political office in Sicily. He forced the voters to vote for him under gunpoint.
Stemming from the enormous crime syndicate called Cosa Nostra, meaning “our thing” in Sicilian, the Gambino family and Cosa Nostra became a national menace. La Cosa Nostra, as it was referred to by law enforcement¬ and members, was a title for the American Mafia. The Mafia emerged during the late 1900’s and early 20th Century in New York's Lower East Side, then in many other areas of the East Coast and in several other major cities. The mob was greatly populated by the wave of Italian immigration. Many of immigrants came from economically downtrodden southern Italy, with many Mafia members in Sicily and Naples who were fleeing the rule of fascist Benito Mussolini, who began to crackdown on the Mafia in Italy.
The Godfather. Dir. Francis Ford Coppola. Prod. Albert S. Ruddy.
In 1957, the rise of the most powerful crime family began in America with the murder of Albert Anastasia in Manhattan, New York. The murder was said to be planned by Carlo Gambino, who is a direct descendant of members of the Italian Mafioso, in an effort to take over Anastasia’s illegal and illicit enterprises. The Gambino family expanded its organization from New York and the east coast to the shores of California. The group is named after the boss of the famous crime family, Carlo Gambino. They were involved in many illicit activities that included construction and labor racketeering, loansharking, extortion, gambling, murder for hire, prostitution, money laundering, toxic and solid waste dumping violations, fraud and wire fraud,
The Sicilian mafia is more commonly known as La Cosa Nostra. People in Sicily believed that they could not trust the country’s police service, so they created their own organized protection that later evolved into the Mafia. Later on the group engaged in organized crime and formed the Sicilian mafia. They came from Sicily to America during the mid 1800s due to bad conditions in Sicily where almost everyone was below the poverty line. Giuseppe Esposito and six other Sicilian members were the first to leave and fled to New York after they killed the chancellor and vice chancellor of Sicily.
Accessed 18 October 1999; available from, Internet. http://homepages.anglianet.co.uk./johnm/outline.html Holley, Joe. Review of The Waco Watch, by Bob Lott. Columbia Journalism Review (May/June 1993): 50-53. Jordan, Anne Deveraux.
It is believed that modern organized crime began in Italy in the 19th Century with the Sicilian group La Cosa Notra and other Sicilian mafia were more powerful than the Italian government. When Mussolini rose to power he ran out the Italian mafia and many fled to the United States. In 1970, Congress passed the Organized Crime Control Act. The acts purpose was to eradicate organized crime by expanding evidence gathering tools, including more acts as being crimes, enhancing penalties, and allowing the forfeiture of products owned by criminal enterprises. The Rackateer Influenced and Corrupts Organizations Act (RICO) was also a cornerstorne in the fight against organized crime.