Juvenile Corrections

1357 Words6 Pages
1. What are five goals of juvenile corrections? How effectively are these goals achieved? The goals of juvenile corrections are too deter, rehabilitate and reintegrate, prevent, punish and reattribute, as well as isolate and control youth offenders and offenses. Each different goal comes with its own challenges. The goal of deterrence has its limits; because rules and former sanctions, as well anti-criminal modeling and reinforcement are met with young rebellious minds. Traditional counseling and diversion which are integral aspects of community corrections can sometimes be ineffective, and studies have shown that sometimes a natural self intervention can take place as the youth grows older; resulting in the youth outgrowing delinquency. 2. What are foster homes? How do they differ from group homes? Foster homes are a type of non-secure confinement that may or may not be associated with an offense. If a court finds that a youth's parent or guardian is unfit that youth may be placed into a temporary household. Not all youths placed in foster care are criminals, some are orphaned or in need of supervision. Foster homes do prove useful in helping children that have mental, developmental, and emotional disabilities. The foster parents before placement have already been carefully screened. The goal of foster care is not to create a permanent home for these youths, but rather a nourishing temporary setting focused on rehabilitation. The main difference between group homes and foster homes it the level of supervision. Foster homes use foster parents as a means of structure and supervision; whereas group homes are a community based facility where supervision is minimal while providing a home-like setting. Both foster homes and group ... ... middle of paper ... ... and the parolees must be extended curtain due process rights. The case of Gagnon v. Scarpelli the main argument was that a court appointed counsel was not provided because it was not specifically addressed in the Morrissey case and it equated probation with parole regarding revocation hearings. 9. What are three examples of probation and parole revocation cases for juveniles? Many cases involving revocation have taken place over the years so I will attempt to outline a few important ones. In the case John v. Superior court the accused youth had committed various crimes while on his probation term. The judge determined that he should maximized Johns probation terms and intensify the conditions. The argument was that the “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard was not utilized. An appellate court determined this to be fatuous and allowed the judge’s ruling to stand.
Open Document