(n.d.). Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved December 2, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/67474/African-Americans/285189/Reconstruction-and-after 9.) Smallwood, A. (n.d.).
Oxford University Press. 9 December 2013 . Karafilis, Maria. "Oratory, Embodiment, and US Citizenship in Sutton E. Griggs's "Imperium in Imperio"." African American Review.
The book, Up From Slavery, written by Booker Taliaferro Washington, profoundly touched me when I read it. Washington overcame many obstacles throughout his life. He became perhaps the most prominent black leader of his time. Booker T. Washington belived that African Americans could gain equality by improving their economic situation through education rather than by demanding equal rights. Washington’s life story was told during the mid to late 1800’s into the early 1900’s, in the time when the Emancipation Proclamation had gone into effect.
Joyce Tang Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 27, No. 5 (May, 1997), pp. 598-614 Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. 19 Feb. 2014. Gary Hart OAH Magazine of History, Vol.
John Hope Franklin, born January 2nd 1915, was an African-American historian who dedicated his life to the teaching and studying of American history and racial politics, especially that of Southern America. An avid promoter of the teaching, studying and presentation of American history as well as the preservation and access of its materials, Franklin died March 25th 2009. A leading scholar on black American history, Franklin often cited historians as being influential in shaping policy in America and he paved the way for other black scholars. ‘He became chair of Brooklyn College's history department in 1956, thus making him the first black scholar to be appointed department head at a mostly white college.’ This event, such a great achievement for an African-American academic, demonstrates the influence of Franklin on History and he was greeted with much admiration in the press. He also dedicated much of his life to the civil rights movement and combined his knowledge of history to affect change.
Throughout history, America has had many great role models and historical figures. The list is endless ranging from great presidents like George Washington to Civil Rights activists such as Martin Luther King Jr. However, one historical figure seems to stand out above all of the rest. Malcolm Little, also known as Malcolm X, was a civil rights icon that is credited for being an important part of African American History. Malcolm X’s strategies for civil rights equality include Black Nationalism, public influences, and political views.
History Today 59, no. 6 (June 2009): 12-18. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed February 27, 2011). Paine, Thomas. "Common Sense."